The role of appraisals and coping in predicting posttraumatic stress following pediatric injury.
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practic... 8(4):495 (2016)
Given the millions of children who experience potentially traumatic injuries each year and the need to maximize emotional and physical health outcomes following pediatric injury, the current study examined the individual and collective contributions of the malleable variables of appraisals and c...
Precision prevention: time to move beyond universal interventions.
Injury Prevention 22(2):87 (2016)
Implementing a Trauma-Informed Approach in Pediatric Health Care Networks.
JAMA Pediatrics 170(1):70 (2016)
Pediatric health care networks serve millions of children each year. Pediatric illness and injury are among the most common potentially emotionally traumatic experiences for children and their families. In addition, millions of children who present for medical care (including well visits) have b...
Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Web-Based Intervention to Prevent Posttraumatic Stress in Children Following Medical Events.
Journal of Pediatric Psychology 41(1):138 (2016)
To assess feasibility and estimate effect size of a self-directed online intervention designed to prevent persistent posttraumatic stress after acute trauma.
Children aged 8-12 years with a recent acute medical event were randomized to the intervention (N = 36) or a 12-week wait list (N = 36). P...
Simulated Driving Assessment (SDA) for teen drivers: results from a validation study.
Injury Prevention 21(3):145 (2015)
Driver error and inadequate skill are common critical reasons for novice teen driver crashes, yet few validated, standardised assessments of teen driving skills exist. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the construct and criterion validity of a newly developed Simulated Driving Assessment ...
Use of mobile apps: a patient-centered approach.
Academic Emergency Medicine 22(6):765 (2015)
This study explored what smartphone health applications (apps) are used by patients, how they learn about health apps, and how information about health apps is shared.
Patients seeking care in an academic ED were surveyed about the following regarding their health apps: use, knowledge, sharing, ...
Engagement with the TeenDrivingPlan and diversity of teens' supervised practice driving: lessons for internet-based learner driver interventions.
Injury Prevention 21(1):4 (2015)
Inexperienced, less-skilled driving characterises many newly licensed drivers and contributes to high crash rates. A randomised trial of TeenDrivingPlan (TDP), a new learner driver phase internet-based intervention, demonstrated effectiveness in improving safety relevant, on-road driving behavio...
A new method for assessing content validity in model-based creation and iteration of eHealth interventions.
Journal of medical Internet research 17(4):e95 (2015)
The advent of eHealth interventions to address psychological concerns and health behaviors has created new opportunities, including the ability to optimize the effectiveness of intervention activities and then deliver these activities consistently to a large number of individuals in need. Given ...
Comparison of teen and adult driver crash scenarios in a nationally representative sample of serious crashes.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 72:302 (2014)
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death and acquired disability during the first four decades of life. While teen drivers have the highest crash risk, few studies examine the similarities and differences in teen and adult driver crashes. We aimed to: (1) identify and compare the mos...
Driving errors of learner teens: frequency, nature and their association with practice.
Accident Analysis & Prevention 72:433 (2014)
Despite demonstrating basic vehicle operations skills sufficient to pass a state licensing test, novice teen drivers demonstrate several deficits in tactical driving skills during the first several months of independent driving. Improving our knowledge of the types of errors made by teen permit ...
Child passenger safety practices and injury risk in crashes with father versus mother drivers.
Injury Prevention 20(4):272 (2014)
In order to test stereotypes that mothers are more safety conscious than fathers, this study aimed to explore differences in restraint patterns, front-row seating and injury for children in crashes when driven by fathers versus mothers, both when driving alone and with other adults. From 15 Janu...
Effect of the teen driving plan on the driving performance of teenagers before licensure: a randomized clinical trial.
JAMA Pediatrics 168(8):764 (2014)
Many studies have failed to show an effect of parent-supervised practice driving on the driving performance of teenagers; nevertheless, most Graduated Driver Licensing programs have provisions that require supervised practice.
To determine whether a web-based intervention, the Teen Driving Plan ...
Adolescence, attention allocation, and driving safety.
Journal of Adolescent Health 54(5 Suppl):S6 (2014)
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading source of morbidity and mortality in adolescents in the United States and the developed world. Inadequate allocation of attention to the driving task and to driving hazards are important sources of adolescent crashes. We review major explanations for these a...
Beyond fatal injury: disability, traumatic stress and tertiary prevention.
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Heal... 38(2):197 (2014)
Understanding recovery in children following traffic-related injuries: exploring acute traumatic stress reactions, child coping, and coping assistance.
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 19(2):233 (2014)
Millions of children incur potentially traumatic physical injuries every year. Most children recover well from their injury but many go on to develop persistent traumatic stress reactions. This study aimed to describe children's coping and coping assistance (i.e., the ways in which parents and p...
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate driving inconsistency.
The Journal of Pediatrics 164(3):674 (2014)
Residual cognitive disability after completion of inpatient rehabilitation among injured children.
The Journal of Pediatrics 164(1):130 (2014)
To determine the prevalence and nature of residual cognitive disability after inpatient rehabilitation for children aged 7-18 years with traumatic injuries.
This retrospective cohort study included children aged 7-18 years in the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation who underwent inpat...
Preventing posttraumatic stress following pediatric injury: a randomized controlled trial of a web-based psycho-educational intervention for parents.
Journal of Pediatric Psychology 38(10):1101 (2013)
The study objective is to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a web-based intervention for parents (AfterTheInjury.org [ATI]) in promoting emotional recovery following pediatric injury.
100 children with injuries requiring medical attention and their parents were randomly assigned to the in...
Anticipated increases in medically attended injuries by children and young adults with the Affordable Care Act: the growing role of primary care in the pediatric trauma system.
Clinical Pediatrics (Sage) 52(10):960 (2013)
To guide implementation of the Affordable Care Act 2010 by estimating anticipated increases in medically attended injuries and site of care by the young who are currently uninsured.
The 2008 National Health Interview Survey was used to estimate injury episodes and care site for uninsured and ins...
Are we doing enough to prevent the perfect storm?: novice drivers, ADHD, and distracted driving.
JAMA Pediatrics 167(10):892 (2013)