Facial emotion recognition in childhood: the effects of febrile seizures in the developing brain.
Epilepsy & Behavior 29(1):211 (2013)
It has been documented that anteromedial temporal lobe dysfunction can cause impairment in emotional intelligence. In particular, medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is associated with disorders in emotion recognition from facial expressions. About one-third of patients with MTLE experienced fe...
Randomized trial of observation and execution of upper extremity actions versus action alone in children with unilateral cerebral palsy.
Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair 27(9):808 (2013)
The properties of the mirror neuron system suggest a new type of upper limb (UL) rehabilitation in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP), based on observation of action therapy followed by execution of a variety of observed movements (AOT).
We tested the effects of AOT in the Upper Limb ...
Centrotemporal spikes during NREM sleep: The promoting action of thalamus revealed by simultaneous EEG and fMRI coregistration.
Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports 1:106 (2013)
Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) has been investigated through EEG-fMRI with the aim of localizing the generators of the epileptic activity, revealing, in most cases, the activation of the sensory-motor cortex ipsilateral to the centrotemporal spikes (CTS). In this ca...
Is a lone right hemisphere enough? Neurolinguistic architecture in a case with a very early left hemispherectomy.
Neurocase 19(3):209 (2013)
We studied the linguistic profile and neurolinguistic organization of a 14-year-old adolescent (EB) who underwent a left hemispherectomy at the age of 2.5 years. After initial aphasia, his language skills recovered within 2 years, with the exception of some word finding problems. Over the years,...
Mortality risk after neonatal seizures in very preterm newborns.
Journal of child neurology 27(10):1264 (2012)
We analyzed clinical and instrumental data of 403 consecutive newborns with gestational age from 24 to 32 weeks, admitted to the University-Hospital of Parma between January 2000 and December 2007, to evaluate the possible relationship between neonatal mortality and occurrence of neonatal seizur...
Hemimegalencephalic variant of epidermal nevus syndrome: case report and literature review.
European Journal of Paediatric Neurology 16(4):332 (2012)
The epidermal nevus syndrome (ENS) is an uncommon neurocutaneous disorder in which epidermal nevi are found in association with congenital abnormalities of the brain, eye, and/or skeleton. The association of epidermal nevi and neurologic abnormalities was comprehensively described by Schimmelpen...
Motor representation of actions in children with autism.
PLoS ONE 7(9):e44779 (2012)
Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are frequently hampered by motor impairment, with difficulties ranging from imitation of actions to recognition of motor intentions. Such a widespread inefficiency of the motor system is likely to interfere on the ontogeny of both motor planning an...
Upper limb children action-observation training (UP-CAT): a randomised controlled trial in hemiplegic cerebral palsy.
BMC Neurology 11:80 (2011)
Rehabilitation for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) aimed to improve function of the impaired upper limb (UL) uses a wide range of intervention programs. A new rehabilitative approach, called Action-Observation Therapy, based on the recent discovery of mirror neurons, has been used ...
Intention understanding in autism.
PLoS ONE 4(5):e5596 (2009)
When we observe a motor act (e.g. grasping a cup) done by another individual, we extract, according to how the motor act is performed and its context, two types of information: the goal (grasping) and the intention underlying it (e.g. grasping for drinking). Here we examined whether children wit...
Motor cognition and its role in the phylogeny and ontogeny of action understanding.
Developmental Psychology 45(1):103 (2009)
Social life rests in large part on the capacity to understand the intentions behind the behavior of others. What are the origins of this capacity? How is one to construe its development in ontogenesis? By assuming that action understanding can be explained only in terms of the ability to read th...
Is there a distinct form of developmental dyslexia in children with specific language impairment? Findings from an orthographically regular language.
The aim of this study was to identify quantitative and qualitative differences between the reading and writing skills of children with developmental dyslexia and those of dyslexic children with a specific language impairment (SLI).
It is suggested that although the etiology of developmental dysl...
Impairment of actions chains in autism and its possible role in intention understanding.
PNAS 104(45):17825 (2007)
Experiments in monkeys demonstrated that many parietal and premotor neurons coding a specific motor act (e.g., grasping) show a markedly different activation when this act is part of actions that have different goals (e.g., grasping for eating vs. grasping for placing). Many of these "action-con...
Introductory remarks on musical beginnings: ten years later.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 999:392 (2003)
Over the last 10 years, the neurosciences have witnessed an exponential increase of research in the neuropsychology of music. Consequently, old and new questions on the ontogeny of musical skills can be refined and reformulated with greater accuracy. Three interrelated issues are discussed.
Cultural diversity and biological unity in dyslexia
NeuroImage 13(6):584 (2001)