A Six-Week Resistance Training Program Does Not Change Shear Modulus of the Triceps Brachii.
Journal of Applied Biomechanics 32(4):373 (2016)
We investigated the effect of a 6-week resistance training program on the shear modulus of the triceps brachii (TB). Twenty-three young men were randomly assigned to either the training (n = 13) or control group (n = 10). Before and after conducting the resistance training program, the shear mod...
Shear Modulus of the Lower Leg Muscles in Patients with Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome.
Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 42(8):1779 (2016)
This study aimed to investigate the in vivo kinematics of shear modulus of the lower leg muscles in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). The study population included 46 limbs with MTSS and 40 healthy limbs. The shear modulus of the medial head of the gastrocnemius, lateral head o...
Dynamic changes in immune cell profile in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: Immunomodulatory effects of chemotherapy.
Cancer Science 107(8):1065 (2016)
Tumor cells have evolved sophisticated means of escape from the host immune system. To date, several important immunological phenomena have been revealed in peripheral blood as well as within tumors. In the present study, we first investigated the proportion and activation status of peripheral i...
National surveillance for meningococcal disease in Japan, 1999-2014.
Vaccine 34(34):4068 (2016)
We summarize the epidemiology of Japanese meningococcal disease with serogroup distribution. One hundred seventy-eight meningococcal meningitis cases were reported from April 1999 to March 2013 to the national surveillance system. From April 2013, bacteremia was added to the condition of reporti...
Meningococcal carriage rates in healthy individuals in Japan determined using Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification and oral throat wash specimens.
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 22(7):501 (2016)
The detailed epidemiology of meningococcal diseases in Japan has yet to be determined and, moreover, the healthy carriage rate is also unknown. In this study, to obtain insight into the carriage rate of Neisseria meningitidis in healthy individuals in Japan, we developed a new method to detect t...
Segmental extracellular and intracellular water distribution and muscle glycogen after 72-h carbohydrate loading using spectroscopic techniques.
Journal of Applied Physiology 121(1):205 (2016)
Body water content increases during carbohydrate loading because 2.7-4-g water binds each 1 g of glycogen. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) allows separate assessment of extracellular and intracellular water (ECW and ICW, respectively) in the whole body and each body segment. However, ...
Efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes stratified by body mass index: A subgroup analysis of five randomized clinical trials.
Journal Of Diabetes Investigation 7(4):544 (2016)
The influence of overweight/obesity on the clinical efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors is unclear. We carried out a pooled analysis to examine the impact of body mass index on the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin.
Patient-level data were pooled for five Japanes...
Low-temperature-compatible tunneling-current-assisted scanning microwave microscope utilizing a rigid coaxial resonator.
Review of Scientific Instrument 87(6):063706 (2016)
We present a design for a tunneling-current-assisted scanning near-field microwave microscope. For stable operation at cryogenic temperatures, making a small and rigid microwave probe is important. Our coaxial resonator probe has a length of approximately 30 mm and can fit inside the 2-in. bore ...
A chloroplast-localized protein LESION AND LAMINA BENDING affects defence and growth responses in rice.
New Phytologist 210(4):1282 (2016)
Understanding how plants allocate their resources to growth or defence is of long-term importance to the development of new and improved varieties of different crops. Using molecular genetics, plant physiology, hormone analysis and Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS)-based transcript profiling, we ...
Intramuscular adipose tissue determined by T1-weighted MRI at 3T primarily reflects extramyocellular lipids.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging 34(4):397 (2016)
The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between intramuscular adipose tissue (IntraMAT) content determined by MRI and intramyocellular lipids (IMCL) and extramyocellular lipids (EMCL) determined by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) or echo intensity determined by B-mo...
Gravitropic response and circumnutation in pea (Pisum sativum) seedling roots.
Physiologia Plantarum 157(1):108 (2016)
Plant circumnutation is a helical movement of growing organs such as shoots and roots. Gravitropic response is hypothesized to act as an external oscillator in shoot circumnutation, although this is subject to debate. The relationship between circumnutational movement and gravitropic response in...
Thoracic Gas Volume Changes after Weight Loss and Regain Associated with Body-Fat Measurement in Wrestlers: 1986 Board #138 June 2, 2: 00 PM - 3: 30 PM.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(5 Suppl 1):552 (2016)
Relationship Between Intramyocellular Lipid Content And Physical Activity Level In Young And Elderly Human Adults: 2681 Board #204 June 3, 9: 30 AM - 11: 00 AM.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(5 Suppl 1):749 (2016)
Regional Difference In Gastrocnemius Tension During Passive Stretching As Assessed With Shear Wave Elastography: 3154 Board #219 June 3, 3: 30 PM - 5: 00 PM.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(5 Suppl 1):898 (2016)
Measurement of gastrocnemius muscle elasticity by shear wave elastography: association with passive ankle joint stiffness and sex differences.
European Journal of Applied Physiology 116(4):823 (2016)
Passive joint stiffness is an important quantitative measure of flexibility, but is affected by muscle volume and all of the anatomical structures located within and over the joint. Shear wave elastography can assess muscle elasticity independent of the influences of muscle volume and the other ...
Dynamics of Theileria orientalis genotype population in cattle in a year-round grazing system.
Acta Parasitologica 61(2):419 (2016)
Theirelia orientalis is a tick-borne haemoprotozoan parasite, and infection with this parasite is one of the most important diseases for grazing cattle. Co-infection of cattle with different genotypes of T. orientalis often occurs. In this study, we investigated the temporal dynamics of genotype...
Do Two Tissue Blood Volume Parameters Measured by Different Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Methods Show the Same Dynamics During Incremental Running?
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 876:27 (2016)
Both the change in total hemoglobin concentration (cHb), assessed by near-infrared continuous-wave spectroscopy (NIR-CWS), and the normalized tissue hemoglobin index (nTHI), assessed by NIR spatially resolved spectroscopy (NIR-SRS), were used to quantify changes in tissue blood volume. However, ...
The Adaptor Complex AP-4 Regulates Vacuolar Protein Sorting at the trans-Golgi Network by Interacting with VACUOLAR SORTING RECEPTOR1.
Plant Physiology 170(1):211 (2016)
Adaptor protein (AP) complexes play critical roles in protein sorting among different post-Golgi pathways by recognizing specific cargo protein motifs. Among the five AP complexes (AP-1-AP-5) in plants, AP-4 is one of the most poorly understood; the AP-4 components, AP-4 cargo motifs, and AP-4 f...
Neisseria meningitidis Translation Elongation Factor P and Its Active-Site Arginine Residue Are Essential for Cell Viability.
PLoS ONE 11(2):e0147907 (2016)
Translation elongation factor P (EF-P), a ubiquitous protein over the entire range of bacterial species, rescues ribosomal stalling at consecutive prolines in proteins. In Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica, the post-translational β-lysyl modification of Lys34 of EF-P is important for the ...
Muscle hardness of the triceps brachii before and after a resistance exercise session: a shear wave ultrasound elastography study.
Acta Radiologica 56(12):1487 (2015)
Muscle hardness indicates muscle condition, and its measurement before and after resistance exercise is essential for preventing resistance training-induced muscle injury.
To investigate muscle hardness of the triceps brachii (TB) before and immediately after a resistance exercise session involv...