The Role of Recent Admixture in Forming the Contemporary West Eurasian Genomic Landscape.
Current Biology 25(19):2518 (2015)
Over the past few years, studies of DNA isolated from human fossils and archaeological remains have generated considerable novel insight into the history of our species. Several landmark papers have described the genomes of ancient humans across West Eurasia, demonstrating the presence of large-...
Novel ATP6V0A4 mutation described in a Tunisian patient with distal renal tubular acidosis.
Clinical Nephrology 81(2):142 (2014)
Few data regarding molecular diagnosis of primary distal renal tubular acidosis (DRTA) in Tunisian population are available.
25-day-old male patient from consanguineous parents of Tunisian origin diagnosed with DRTA and without hearing impairment observed later in life. ATP6V0A4 gene sequencing ...
PCR-based screening for the most prevalent alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency mutations (PI S, Z, and Mmalton) in COPD patients from Eastern Tunisia.
Biochemical Genetics 51(9-10):677 (2013)
It is generally agreed that the protease inhibitor (PI) alleles PI*S (Val264Glu) and PI*Z (Lys342Glu) are the most common alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency variants worldwide, but the PI*Mmalton allele (ΔPhe52) prevails over these variants in some Mediterranean regions. In eastern Tunisia (Mahdia),...
Molecular diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis in Tunisian patients: proposed algorithm for Northern Africa populations for the ATP6V1B1, ATP6V0A4 and SCL4A1 genes.
BMC Medical Genetics 14:119 (2013)
Primary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) caused by mutations in the genes that codify for the H + -ATPase pump subunits is a heterogeneous disease with a poor phenotype-genotype correlation. Up to now, large cohorts of dRTA Tunisian patients have not been analyzed, and molecular defects may ...
Polymorphism of C3 complement in association with myocardial infarction in a sample of central Tunisia.
Diagnostic Pathology 8:93 (2013)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a major clinical problem because of its large contribution to mortality. The genetic bases of this disease have been widely studied in recent years to find a clear association with some genetic markers that increase the risk of its occurrence. In the present investi...
Update in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: role of antioxidant and metabolizing gene polymorphisms.
Experimental Lung Research 37(6):364 (2011)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by systemic and local chronic inflammation and oxidative stress. The sources of the increased oxidative stress in COPD patients derive from the increased burden of inhaled oxidants such as cigarette smoke and other forms of particulat...
Research of the origin of a particular Tunisian group using a physical marker and Alu insertion polymorphisms.
Genetics and Molecular Biology 34(3):371 (2011)
The aim of this study was to show how, in some particular circumstances, a physical marker can be used along with molecular markers in the research of an ancient people movement. A set of five Alu insertions was analysed in 42 subjects from a particular Tunisian group (El Hamma) that has, unlike...
Correlation of EPHX1, GSTP1, GSTM1, and GSTT1 genetic polymorphisms with antioxidative stress markers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Experimental Lung Research 37(4):195 (2011)
This study was undertaken to ascertain if a relationship existed between oxidative status and polymorphisms of microsomal epoxide hydrolase X1 (EPHX1), glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1), GSTM1, and GSTT1 in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GSH-...
Xmn I polymorphism associated with concomitant activation of Gγ and Aγ globin gene transcription on a β0-thalassemia chromosome.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases 46(2):133 (2011)
The -158 (C→T) nucleotide change, known as Xmn I polymorphism, occurs in (G)γ-globin gene promoter, and results in elevated fetal hemoglobin (HbF). We found this mutation in cis of a β(0)-thalassemia splicing mutation. Despite the complete absence of adult HbA, the phenotype was only moderately ...
Combined analysis of EPHX1, GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms in relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk and lung function impairment.
Disease Markers 30(5):253 (2011)
Smoking is considered as the major causal factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nevertheless, a minority of chronic heavy cigarette smokers develops COPD. This suggests important contribution of other factors such as genetic predisposing. Our objective was to investigate combin...
Microsomal epoxide hydrolase gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Tunisian population.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers 14(6):857 (2010)
It is well known that cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, only 10%-20% of chronic heavy cigarette smokers develop symptomatic disease, which suggests the presence of genetic susceptibility. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) is ...
In silico analysis of alpha1-antitrypsin variants: The effects of a novel mutation.
Genetics and Molecular Biology 33(4):633 (2010)
Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) is a highly polymorphic protein with more than 120 variants that are classified as normal (normal protein secretion), deficient (reduced circulating AAT level caused by defective secretion) or null (no protein secretion). Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, one of the most co...
Association of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a Tunisian population.
Biochemical Genetics 48(7-8):647 (2010)
GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms have been proposed in relationship with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We investigated the association between these polymorphisms and COPD (as well as its subtypes emphysema and chronic bronchitis) in 234 COPD patients and 182 healthy controls in the...
Rapid genotyping of alpha 1 antitrypsin deletion mutation (PI*Mmalton) using bi-directional PCR allele-specific amplification.
Molecular Biotechnology 45(2):111 (2010)
Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a well recognized genetic risk factor for pulmonary disease and less common liver disease. The two most common deficiency alleles worldwide PI*S and PI*Z can be easily detected using several molecular methods. However, there are at least 30 other AATD var...
Hemoglobinopathies in North Africa: a review.
Hemoglobin 34(1):1 (2010)
Hemolytic anemias are very common diseases. Among these diseases, hemoglobinopathies are widely spread throughout the Mediterranean Basin, including North Africa (Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco). Their severity and disabling nature make them a major public health problem. This study includes our d...
Alpha-1 antitrypsin gene polymorphism in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).
Genetics and Molecular Biology 33(1):23 (2010)
Alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of emphysema, the pathological lesion underlying the majority of the manifestations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). In this study we tested the hypothesis that common AAT polymorphisms influence the risk of de...
Screening for Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency in Tunisian subjects with obstructive lung disease: a feasibility report.
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 4:12 (2009)
AATD is one of the most common inherited disorders in the World. However, it is generally accepted that AATD in North African populations is not a risk factor for lung and/or liver disease, based on a number of small studies. We therefore planned a screening study for detection of AATD in patien...
Cryptic splicing sites are differentially utilized in vivo.
FEBS Journal 275(6):1150 (2008)
It has long been considered that cryptic splice sites are ignored by the splicing machinery in the context of intact genuine splice sites. In the present study, it is shown that cryptic splice sites are utilized in all circumstances, when the authentic site is intact, partially functional or com...
Screening of antimutagenicity via antioxidant activity in different extracts from the leaves of Acacia salicina from the center of Tunisia.
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 23(1):56 (2007)
The effect of extracts obtained from Acacia salicina on genotoxicity and SOS response induced by Benzo(a)pyrene (B[a]P) as well as nifuroxazide was investigated in a bacterial assay system, i.e., the SOS chromotest with Escherichia coli PQ37. Preparations obtained from the leaves of A. salicina ...
Clinical and molecular aspects of haemoglobinopathies in Tunisia.
Clinica Chimica Acta 340(1-2):127 (2004)
For the last two decades, studies on the population genetics of Tunisians have focused on variations of protein and genetic markers. Results confirmed the genetic heterogeneity of Tunisians caused by the admixtures with migratory human groups arriving mainly from Africa, Europe, and Asia. These ...