1. Maximizing Performance: Augmented Feedback, Focus of Attention, and/or Reward?

    Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(4):714 (2016) PMID 26587843

    Different approaches like providing augmented feedback (aF), applying an external focus of attention (EF), or rewarding participants with money (RE) have been shown to instantly enhance motor performance. So far, these approaches have been tested either in separate studies or directly against ea...
  2. Force and Position Control in Humans - The Role of Augmented Feedback.

    Journal of Visualized Experiments (112) (2016) PMID 27404742

    During motor behaviour, humans interact with the environment by for example manipulating objects and this is only possible because sensory feedback is constantly integrated into the central nervous system and these sensory inputs need to be weighted in order meet the task specific goals. Additio...
  3. Exposure to Melan-A/MART-126-35 tumor epitope specific CD8(+)T cells reveals immune escape by affecting the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS).

    Scientific reports 6:25208 (2016) PMID 27143649 PMCID PMC4855237

    Efficient processing of target antigens by the ubiquitin-proteasome-system (UPS) is essential for treatment of cancers by T cell therapies. However, immune escape due to altered expression of IFN-γ-inducible components of the antigen presentation machinery and consequent inefficient processing o...
  4. Changes in Standing and Walking Performance Under Dual-Task Conditions Across the Lifespan.

    Sports Medicine 45(12):1739 (2015) PMID 26253187 PMCID PMC4656695

    Simultaneous performance of a postural and a concurrent task is rather unproblematic as long as the postural task is executed in an automatic way. However, in situations where postural control requires more central processing, cognitive resources may be exceeded by the addition of an attentional...
  5. The proteasome immunosubunits, PA28 and ER-aminopeptidase 1 protect melanoma cells from efficient MART-126-35 -specific T-cell recognition.

    European Journal of Immunology 45(12):3257 (2015) PMID 26399368

    The immunodominant MART-1(26(27)-35) epitope, liberated from the differentiation antigen melanoma antigen recognized by T cells/melanoma antigen A (MART-1/Melan-A), has been frequently targeted in melanoma immunotherapy, but with limited clinical success. Previous studies suggested that this is ...
  6. Cooperative target mRNA destabilization and translation inhibition by miR-58 microRNA family in C. elegans.

    Genome Research 25(11):1680 (2015) PMID 26232411 PMCID PMC4617964

    In animals, microRNAs frequently form families with related sequences. The functional relevance of miRNA families and the relative contribution of family members to target repression have remained, however, largely unexplored. Here, we used the Caenorhabditis elegans miR-58 miRNA family, compose...
  7. Antimony retention and release from drained and waterlogged shooting range soil under field conditions.

    Chemosphere 134:536 (2015) PMID 25592464

    Many soils polluted by antimony (Sb) are subject to fluctuating waterlogging conditions; yet, little is known about how these affect the mobility of this toxic element under field conditions. Here, we compared Sb leaching from a calcareous shooting range soil under drained and waterlogged condit...
  8. Utility of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing cervical spine injury in children with severe traumatic brain injury.

    The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 78(6):1122 (2015) PMID 26151511

    Evaluation of children for cervical spine injuries (CSIs) after blunt trauma is complicated, particularly if the patient is unresponsive because of severe traumatic brain injury. Plain radiography and computed tomography (CT) are commonly used, but CT combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MR...
  9. Neck muscle vibration can improve sensorimotor function in patients with neck pain.

    The Spine Journal 15(3):514 (2015) PMID 25452010

    People with neck pain display a diminished joint position sense and disturbed postural control, which is thought to be a result of impaired somatosensory afferent activity and/or integration. Afferent processing can be artificially manipulated by vibration and was shown to reduce motor performan...
  10. Brain activity during observation and motor imagery of different balance tasks: an fMRI study.

    Cortex 64:102 (2015) PMID 25461711

    After immobilization, patients show impaired postural control and increased risk of falling. Therefore, loss of balance control should already be counteracted during immobilization. Previously, studies have demonstrated that both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) can improve motor p...
  11. Community analysis of plant biomass-degrading microorganisms from Obsidian Pool, Yellowstone National Park.

    Microbial Ecology 69(2):333 (2015) PMID 25319238

    The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into biofuels can potentially be improved by employing robust microorganisms and enzymes that efficiently deconstruct plant polysaccharides at elevated temperatures. Many of the geothermal features of Yellowstone National Park (YNP) are surrounded by veg...
  12. Enhanced jump performance when providing augmented feedback compared to an external or internal focus of attention.

    Journal of Sports Sciences 33(10):1067 (2015) PMID 25529245

    Factors such as an external focus of attention (EF) and augmented feedback (AF) have been shown to improve performance. However, the efficacy of providing AF to enhance motor performance has never been compared with the effects of an EF or an internal focus of attention (IF). Therefore, the aim ...
  13. Near-Complete Genome Sequence of the Cellulolytic Bacterium Bacteroides (Pseudobacteroides) cellulosolvens ATCC 35603.

    Genome Announcements 3(5) (2015) PMID 26404597 PMCID PMC4582573

    We report the single-contig genome sequence of the anaerobic, mesophilic, cellulolytic bacterium, Bacteroides cellulosolvens. The bacterium produces a particularly elaborate cellulosome system, wherein the types of cohesin-dockerin interactions are opposite of other known cellulosome systems: ce...
  14. Heterobimetallic Zeolite, InV-ZSM-5, Enables Efficient Conversion of Biomass Derived Ethanol to Renewable Hydrocarbons.

    Scientific reports 5:16039 (2015) PMID 26526963 PMCID PMC4630624

    Direct catalytic conversion of ethanol to hydrocarbon blend-stock can increase biofuels use in current vehicles beyond the ethanol blend-wall of 10-15%. Literature reports describe quantitative conversion of ethanol over zeolite catalysts but high C2 hydrocarbon formation renders this approach u...
  15. Seasonal variation of depressive symptoms in unipolar major depressive disorder.

    Comprehensive Psychiatry 55(8):1891 (2014) PMID 25176622 PMCID PMC4254297

    Retrospective and cross-sectional studies of seasonal variation of depressive symptoms in unipolar major depression have yielded conflicting results. We examined seasonal variation of mood symptoms in a long-term prospective cohort - the Collaborative Depression Study (CDS). The sample included ...
  16. Interaction of mineral matter of coal with oxygen carriers in chemical-looping combustion (CLC)

    Chemical Engineering Research and Design 92(9):1753 (2014)

    • Interactions of promising oxygen carriers and mineral matter have been investigated. • Ilmenite was found to be the most robust oxygen carrier. ...
  17. Jump performance and augmented feedback: immediate benefits and long-term training effects.

    Human Movement Science 36:177 (2014) PMID 24875045

    Drop jumps and their adaptations to training have been extensively investigated. However, the influence of augmented feedback (aF) on stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) was not scrutinized so far despite the well-known positive effects of aF on motor performance and motor learning. The aim of the pr...
  18. Whole genome amplification: watch out for the bias!

    Environmental Microbiology 16(3):611 (2014) PMID 24589287

  19. The relation between performance in on-road driving, cognitive screening and driving simulator in older healthy drivers

    Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychol... 22:232 (2014)

    • Older peoples’ driving performance. • Relation between behaviour in reality, labour environment and virtual reality. ...
  20. Coordinated network activity in the hippocampus.

    Frontiers of neurology and neuroscience 34:26 (2014) PMID 24777128

    The hippocampus expresses a variety of highly organized network states which bind its individual neurons into collective modes of activity. These patterns go along with characteristic oscillations of extracellular potential known as theta, gamma, and ripple oscillations. Such network oscillation...