Waist circumference is correlated with poorer cognition in elderly type 2 diabetes women.
Alzheimer's & Dementia 12(8):925 (2016)
Waist circumference is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cognition, yet the relationship between waist circumference and cognition in individuals with T2D is not well understood.
We studied the relationship of waist circumference with five cognitive outcomes (executive functioning, langu...
Neuropsychological Test Performance in Cognitively Normal Spanish-speaking Nonagenarians with Little Education.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 31(2):129 (2016)
To find associations of age, sex, and education with neuropsychological test performance in cognitively normal Spanish-speaking Costa Rican nonagenarians with little education; to provide norms; and to compare their performance with similar Puerto Ricans. For 95 Costa Ricans (90-102 years old, 0...
Long-term Variability in Glycemic Control Is Associated With White Matter Hyperintensities in APOE4 Genotype Carriers With Type 2 Diabetes.
Diabetes Care 39(6):1056 (2016)
We assessed whether the apolipoprotein ε4 (APOE4) genotype affects the relationship of variability in long-term glycemic control (measured by HbA1c SD of multiple measurements) with white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
WMH volume was generated from...
Vitamin E in aging persons with Down syndrome: A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Neurology 86(22):2071 (2016)
To determine whether vitamin E would slow the progression of cognitive deterioration and dementia in aging persons with Down syndrome (DS).
A randomized, double-blind controlled clinical trial was conducted at 21 clinical sites, and researchers trained in research procedures recruited adults wit...
Ethnicity/culture modulates the relationships of the haptoglobin (Hp) 1-1 phenotype with cognitive function in older individuals with type 2 diabetes.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 31(5):494 (2016)
The haptoglobin (Hp) genotype has been associated with cognitive function in type 2 diabetes. Because ethnicity/culture has been associated with both cognitive function and Hp genotype frequencies, we examined whether it modulates the association of Hp with cognitive function.
Attitudes and Perceptions of Research in Aging and Dementia in an Urban Minority Population.
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease 53(1):69 (2016)
In dementia trials, minority participation is low. We assessed attitudes toward research in a community based urban poor minority sample of elderly adults attending senior center talks using the 7-item Research Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ). Presentations on cognitive aging were given at senior ...
Sex differences in cognition: Does the "fairer sex" need a fairer test?
Neurology 86(15):1364 (2016)
Potential contribution of the Alzheimer's disease risk locus BIN1 to episodic memory performance in cognitively normal Type 2 diabetes elderly.
European Neuropsychopharmacology 26(4):787 (2016)
In recent years, several promising susceptibility loci for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) were discovered, by implementing genome-wide association studies (GWAS) approach. Recent GWAS meta-analysis has demonstrated the association of 19 loci (in addition to the APOE locus) with AD in the Eu...
Alzheimer disease: Solanezumab-prospects for meaningful interventions in AD?
Nature Clinical Practice Neurology 11(12):669 (2015)
Can Intraoperative Processed EEG Predict Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction in the Elderly?
Clinical Therapeutics 37(12):2700 (2015)
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a serious and costly complication of the elderly; even mild impairment has the potential to impact overall well being. Anesthesiologists continue to search for ways to manipulate intraoperative technique to optimize postoperative cognition in the eld...
Phospholipid dysregulation contributes to ApoE4-associated cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis.
PNAS 112(38):11965 (2015)
The apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4) allele is the strongest genetic risk factor for developing sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanisms underlying the pathogenic nature of ApoE4 are not well understood. In this study, we have found that ApoE proteins are critical determinants of brai...
Longitudinal plasma amyloid beta in Alzheimer's disease clinical trials.
Alzheimer's & Dementia 11(9):1069 (2015)
Little is known about the utility of plasma amyloid beta (Aβ) in clinical trials of Alzheimer's disease (AD).
We analyzed longitudinal plasma samples from two large multicenter clinical trials: (1) donezepil and vitamin E in mild cognitive impairment (n = 405, 24 months) and (2) simvastatin in m...
Health literacy, cognitive function, proper use, and adherence to inhaled asthma controller medications among older adults with asthma.
Chest 147(5):1307 (2015)
We sought to investigate the degree to which cognitive skills explain associations between health literacy and asthma-related medication use among older adults with asthma.
Patients aged ≥ 60 years receiving care at eight outpatient clinics (primary care, geriatrics, pulmonology, allergy, and im...
Health-care use and cost in dementia caregivers: Longitudinal results from the Predictors Caregiver Study.
Alzheimer's & Dementia 11(4):444 (2015)
To examine the effects of caregiver and patient characteristics on caregivers' medical care use and cost.
One hundred forty-seven caregiver/patient dyads were followed annually for 6 years in three academic Alzheimer's disease centers in the United States. Logistic, negative binomial, and genera...
Asthma control and cognitive function in a cohort of elderly adults.
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 63(4):684 (2015)
To determine whether poor asthma control is associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older, inner-city adults with asthma.
Prospective observational cohort study.
Outpatient practices in New York City and Chicago.
Individuals aged 60 and older with a physician diagnosis of asthma and ...
Rarity of the Alzheimer disease-protective APP A673T variant in the United States.
JAMA Neurology 72(2):209 (2015)
Recently, a rare variant in the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP) was described in a population from Iceland. This variant, in which alanine is replaced by threonine at position 673 (A673T), appears to protect against late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). We evaluated the frequency of this varia...
Agitation in cognitive disorders: International Psychogeriatric Association provisional consensus clinical and research definition.
International Psychogeriatrics 27(1):7 (2015)
Agitation is common across neuropsychiatric disorders and contributes to disability, institutionalization, and diminished quality of life for patients and their caregivers. There is no consensus definition of agitation and no widespread agreement on what elements should be included in the syndro...
Effects of multiple genetic loci on age at onset in late-onset Alzheimer disease: a genome-wide association study.
JAMA Neurology 71(11):1394 (2014)
Because APOE locus variants contribute to risk of late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) and to differences in age at onset (AAO), it is important to know whether other established LOAD risk loci also affect AAO in affected participants.
To investigate the effects of known Alzheimer disease risk lo...
Physical activity and risk of cognitive impairment among oldest-old women.
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 22(11):1149 (2014)
Physical activity may reduce the risk of cognitive decline in the elderly, but its effects among the oldest-old (i.e., those aged 85 years and older) are not well known. Our study assessed the association between very late-life physical activity and 5-year risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
2014 Report on the Milestones for the US National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease.
Alzheimer's & Dementia 10(5 Suppl):S430 (2014)
With increasing numbers of people with Alzheimer's and other dementias across the globe, many countries have developed national plans to deal with the resulting challenges. In the United States, the National Alzheimer's Project Act, signed into law in 2011, required the creation of such a plan w...