Association of Socioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity With Treatment and Survival in Patients With Medullary Thyroid Cancer.
JAMA Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 142(8):763 (2016)
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a relatively rare neoplasm of the thyroid but accounts for 14% of thyroid cancer-related deaths. Female sex, young age, and stage at presentation have been found to predict survival and treatment. However, patterns of survival and treatment by socioeconomic stat...
Cancer statistics for African Americans, 2016: Progress and opportunities in reducing racial disparities.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 66(4):290 (2016)
In this article, the American Cancer Society provides the estimated number of new cancer cases and deaths for blacks in the United States and the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, survival, screening, and risk factors for cancer. Incidence data are from the National Cancer Institu...
Temporal Trends in Colorectal Cancer Screening among Asian Americans.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 25(6):995 (2016)
Asian Americans (AA) are less likely to be screened for colorectal cancer compared with non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), with a widening disparity for some AA subgroups in the early 2000s. Whether these patterns have continued in more recent years is unknown. We examined temporal trends in colorectal ...
Mammography Use and Physician Recommendation After the 2009 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 50(5):e123 (2016)
In 2009, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) no longer recommended routine mammography for women aged 40-49 and ≥75 years (younger and older women, respectively). Whether mammography usage and physician recommendation among younger and older women changed in response to these recomm...
Breast cancer statistics, 2015: Convergence of incidence rates between black and white women.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 66(1):31 (2016)
In this article, the American Cancer Society provides an overview of female breast cancer statistics in the United States, including data on incidence, mortality, survival, and screening. Approximately 231,840 new cases of invasive breast cancer and 40,290 breast cancer deaths are expected to oc...
Factors associated with radiation therapy incompletion for patients with early-stage breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 155(1):187 (2016)
The purpose of the study was to examine factors associated with adjuvant radiation treatment (RT) incompletion for women with breast cancer within a large national cancer database.
We identified 394,334 women diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer during 2004-2012 in the national cancer databa...
Cancer screening in the United States, 2016: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 66(2):96 (2016)
Each year the American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes a summary of its guidelines for early cancer detection, data and trends in cancer screening rates, and select issues related to cancer screening. In this issue of the journal, we summarize current ACS cancer screening guidelines, including th...
Variations in cancer centers' use of cytology for the diagnosis of small cell lung carcinoma in the National Cancer Data Base.
Cancer Cytopathology 124(1):44 (2016)
Cytology is an accurate, safe, cost-effective, and guideline-recommended method for the diagnosis of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), but little is known about whether its use varies by treatment facility and patient characteristics.
Methods of diagnosis (cytology vs histology) for 86,830 patie...
Prostate cancer screening in Switzerland: 20-year trends and socioeconomic disparities.
Preventive Medicine 82:83 (2016)
Despite important controversy in its efficacy, prostate cancer (PCa) screening has become widespread. Important socioeconomic screening disparities have been reported. However, trends in PCa screening and social disparities have not been investigated in Switzerland, a high risk country for PCa. ...
Five- and 10-Year Cause-Specific Survival Rates in Carcinoma of the Minor Salivary Gland.
JAMA Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 142(1):67 (2016)
Previous studies of prognostic factors of carcinoma of the minor salivary gland (MSG) have been limited to single-institution studies and small case series. Thus, limited data are available to guide the head and neck oncologist in counseling patients on the prognosis and management of these mali...
How many individuals will need to be screened to increase colorectal cancer screening prevalence to 80% by 2018?
Cancer 121(23):4258 (2015)
A recent study estimates that 277,000 colorectal cancer (CRC) cases and 203,000 CRC deaths will be averted between 2013 and 2030 if the National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable goal of increasing CRC screening prevalence to 80% by 2018 is reached. However, the number of individuals who need to be s...
Prostate Cancer Incidence and PSA Testing Patterns in Relation to USPSTF Screening Recommendations.
JAMA 314(19):2054 (2015)
Prostate cancer incidence in men 75 years and older substantially decreased following the 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for this age group. It is unknown whether incidence has changed since the USPSTF recomm...
Disparities in Vulvar Cancer Reported by the National Cancer Database: Influence of Sociodemographic Factors.
Obstetrics & Gynecology 126(4):792 (2015)
To assess whether there is an association of patient sociodemographic factors with stage at diagnosis, treatment, and overall survival in patients with vulvar cancer in the National Cancer Database.
This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with primary squamous vulvar carcinoma identifi...
Elimination of cost-sharing and receipt of screening for colorectal and breast cancer.
Cancer 121(18):3272 (2015)
The aim of the cost-sharing provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was to reduce financial barriers for preventive services, including screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) and breast cancer (BC) among privately and Medicare-insured individuals. Whether the provision h...
Bone metastasis in prostate cancer: Recurring mitochondrial DNA mutation reveals selective pressure exerted by the bone microenvironment.
Bone 78:81 (2015)
Cancer progression and metastasis occur such that cells with acquired mutations enhancing growth and survival (or inhibiting cell death) increase in number, a concept that has been recognized as analogous to Darwinian evolution of species since Peter C. Nowell's description in 1976. Selective fo...
Differential uptake of recent Papanicolaou testing by HPV vaccination status among young women in the United States, 2008-2013.
Cancer Epidemiology 39(4):650 (2015)
A positive association between recent Papanicolaou (Pap) test uptake and initiation of HPV vaccination among U.S. women has been reported. However, it is unknown whether recent Pap testing by HPV vaccination status varies by race/ethnicity. Discerning racial/ethnic variations is important given ...
Prostate Cancer Prognostic Factors Among Asian Patients Born in the US Compared to Those Born Abroad.
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 17(3):625 (2015)
US surveillance data indicate that incidence of prostate cancer differs by place of birth among Asian men. However, it is less clear if the prognostic factors for prostate cancer also differ by place of birth. The study included 7,824 Asian prostate cancer patients diagnosed between 2004 and 200...
Prevalence of hepatitis C virus testing in cohorts born between 1945 and 1965 in the U.S.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 48(5):e7 (2015)
Prognostic indicators in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma when controlling for stage and treatment.
Laryngoscope 125(4):1021 (2015)
The incidence of thyroid carcinoma is rising. Few studies have examined patient characteristics that influence survival when adjusting for treatment and tumor stage/extent.
Retrospective analysis was performed using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results registry data among patients diagn...
Prevalence of major risk factors and use of screening tests for cancer in the United States.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 24(4):637 (2015)
Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use, improve diet, increase physical activity, reduce obesity, and expand the use of established screening tests. Monitoring the prevalence of cancer risk factors and screening is importan...