1. A new multiple-stage electrocoagulation process on anaerobic digestion effluent to simultaneously reclaim water and clean up biogas.

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 285:483 (2015) PMID 25540943

    A new multiple-stage treatment process was developed via integrating electrocoagulation with biogas pumping to simultaneously reclaim anaerobic digestion effluent and clean up biogas. The 1st stage of electrocoagulation treatment under the preferred reaction condition led to removal efficiencies...
  2. A Massive Expansion of Effector Genes Underlies Gall-Formation in the Wheat Pest Mayetiola destructor

    Current Biology 25(5):613 (2015) PMID 25660540

    Gall-forming arthropods are highly specialized herbivores that, in combination with their hosts, produce extended phenotypes with unique morphologies [1]. Many are economically important, and others have improved our understanding of ecology and adaptive radiation [2]. However, the mec...
  3. A Massive Expansion of Effector Genes Underlies Gall-Formation in the Wheat Pest Mayetiola destructor.

    Current Biology 25(5):613 (2015) PMID 25660540

    Gall-forming arthropods are highly specialized herbivores that, in combination with their hosts, produce extended phenotypes with unique morphologies [1]. Many are economically important, and others have improved our understanding of ecology and adaptive radiation [2]. However, the mechanisms th...
  4. Unbalanced Activation of Glutathione Metabolic Pathways Suggests Potential Involvement in Plant Defense against the Gall Midge Mayetiola destructor in Wheat.

    Scientific reports 5:8092 (2015) PMID 25627558 PMCID PMC4308708

    Glutathione, γ-glutamylcysteinylglycine, exists abundantly in nearly all organisms. Glutathione participates in various physiological processes involved in redox reactions by serving as an electron donor/acceptor. We found that the abundance of total glutathione increased up to 60% in resistant ...
  5. Unbalanced Activation of Glutathione Metabolic Pathways Suggests Potential Involvement in Plant Defense against the Gall Midge Mayetiola destructor in Wheat.

    Scientific reports 5:8092 (2015) PMID 25627558 PMCID PMC4308708

    Glutathione, γ-glutamylcysteinylglycine, exists abundantly in nearly all organisms. Glutathione participates in various physiological processes involved in redox reactions by serving as an electron donor/acceptor. We found that the abundance of total glutathione increased up to 60% in resistant ...
  6. Unbalanced Activation of Glutathione Metabolic Pathways Suggests Potential Involvement in Plant Defense against the Gall Midge Mayetiola destructor in Wheat.

    Scientific reports 5:8092 (2015) PMID 25627558

    Glutathione, γ-glutamylcysteinylglycine, exists abundantly in nearly all organisms. Glutathione participates in various physiological processes involved in redox reactions by serving as an electron donor/acceptor. We found that the abundance of total glutathione increased up to 60% in resistant ...
  7. Connectivity pattern differences bilaterally in the cerebellum posterior lobe in healthy subjects after normal sleep and sleep deprivation: a resting-state functional MRI study.

    Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 11:1279 (2015) PMID 26064046 PMCID PMC4451850

    The aim of this study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique to explore the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) differences of the bilaterial cerebellum posterior lobe (CPL) after normal sleep (NS) and after sleep deprivation (SD). A total of 16 healthy subjec...
  8. A Massive Expansion of Effector Genes Underlies Gall-Formation in the Wheat Pest Mayetiola destructor

    Current Biology (2014)

    • The plant galling Mayetiola destructor genome is replete with effector genes • The SSGP-71 effector gene family is the largest known arthropod gene family. ...
  9. Mobilization of lipids and fortification of cell wall and cuticle are important in host defense against Hessian fly.

    BMC Genomics 14:423 (2013) PMID 23800119 PMCID PMC3701548

    Wheat - Hessian fly interaction follows a typical gene-for-gene model. Hessian fly larvae die in wheat plants carrying an effective resistance gene, or thrive in susceptible plants that carry no effective resistance gene. Gene sets affected by Hessian fly attack in resistant plants were found to...
  10. Wheat Mds-1 encodes a heat-shock protein and governs susceptibility towards the Hessian fly gall midge.

    Nature Communications 4:2070 (2013) PMID 23792912

    Gall midges induce formation of host nutritive cells and alter plant metabolism to utilize host resources. Here we show that the gene Mayetiola destructor susceptibility-1 on wheat chromosome 3AS encodes a small heat-shock protein and is a major susceptibility gene for infestation of wheat by th...
  11. Mobilization of lipids and fortification of cell wall and cuticle are important in host defense against Hessian fly.

    BMC Genomics 14:423 (2013) PMID 23800119 PMCID PMC3701548

    Wheat - Hessian fly interaction follows a typical gene-for-gene model. Hessian fly larvae die in wheat plants carrying an effective resistance gene, or thrive in susceptible plants that carry no effective resistance gene. Gene sets affected by Hessian fly attack in resistant plants were found to...
  12. Wheat Mds-1 encodes a heat-shock protein and governs susceptibility towards the Hessian fly gall midge.

    Nature Communications 4:2070 (2013) PMID 23792912

    Gall midges induce formation of host nutritive cells and alter plant metabolism to utilize host resources. Here we show that the gene Mayetiola destructor susceptibility-1 on wheat chromosome 3AS encodes a small heat-shock protein and is a major susceptibility gene for infestation of wheat by th...
  13. Rapid mobilization of membrane lipids in wheat leaf sheaths during incompatible interactions with Hessian fly.

    Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 25(7):920 (2012) PMID 22668001 PMCID PMC3586561

    Hessian fly (HF) is a biotrophic insect that interacts with wheat on a gene-for-gene basis. We profiled changes in membrane lipids in two isogenic wheat lines: a susceptible line and its backcrossed offspring containing the resistance gene H13. Our results revealed a 32 to 45% reduction in total...
  14. Rapid mobilization of membrane lipids in wheat leaf sheaths during incompatible interactions with Hessian fly.

    Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 25(7):920 (2012) PMID 22668001 PMCID PMC3586561

    Hessian fly (HF) is a biotrophic insect that interacts with wheat on a gene-for-gene basis. We profiled changes in membrane lipids in two isogenic wheat lines: a susceptible line and its backcrossed offspring containing the resistance gene H13. Our results revealed a 32 to 45% reduction in total...
  15. Aphid feeding activates expression of a transcriptome of oxylipin-based defense signals in wheat involved in resistance to herbivory.

    Journal of Chemical Ecology 36(3):260 (2010) PMID 20229216 PMCID PMC3831272

    Damage by the Russian wheat aphid (RWA), Diuraphis noxia, significantly reduces wheat and barley yields worldwide. In compatible interactions, virulent RWA populations flourish and susceptible plants suffer extensive leaf chlorophyll loss. In incompatible interactions, RWA reproduction and popul...
  16. Aphid feeding activates expression of a transcriptome of oxylipin-based defense signals in wheat involved in resistance to herbivory.

    Journal of Chemical Ecology 36(3):260 (2010) PMID 20229216 PMCID PMC3831272

    Damage by the Russian wheat aphid (RWA), Diuraphis noxia, significantly reduces wheat and barley yields worldwide. In compatible interactions, virulent RWA populations flourish and susceptible plants suffer extensive leaf chlorophyll loss. In incompatible interactions, RWA reproduction and popul...
  17. Reactive oxygen species are involved in plant defense against a gall midge.

    Plant Physiology 152(2):985 (2010) PMID 19965963 PMCID PMC2815885

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a major role in plant defense against pathogens, but evidence for their role in defense against insects is still preliminary and inconsistent. In this study, we examined the potential role of ROS in defense of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rice (Oryza sativa) a...
  18. Reactive oxygen species are involved in plant defense against a gall midge.

    Plant Physiology 152(2):985 (2010) PMID 19965963 PMCID PMC2815885

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a major role in plant defense against pathogens, but evidence for their role in defense against insects is still preliminary and inconsistent. In this study, we examined the potential role of ROS in defense of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rice (Oryza sativa) a...
  19. Optimal Scheduling Method in MIMO WLAN with Distributed Coordination Function

    Tsinghua Science and Technology 15(2):246 (2010)

    This paper addresses the optimal number of simultaneous data transmissions that maximize the system throughput in an MIMO WLAN. To facilitate simultaneous packet transmissions, both transceivers have to exchange preambles to calculate the channel state information. This exchange is combined...
  20. Optimal Scheduling Method in MIMO WLAN with Distributed Coordination Function

    Tsinghua Science and Technology 15(2):246 (2010)

    This paper addresses the optimal number of simultaneous data transmissions that maximize the system throughput in an MIMO WLAN. To facilitate simultaneous packet transmissions, both transceivers have to exchange preambles to calculate the channel state information. This exchange is combined...