American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

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  1. A multivariate contextual analysis of torture and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatments: implications for an evidence-based definition of torture.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):135 (2009) PMID 19485630

    Current thinking on what constitutes torture in a detention/interrogation setting focuses solely on particular procedures, without regard for contextual factors that mediate traumatic stress. The present study examined stressor interactions that determined severity and psychological impact of ca...
  2. Socioeconomic status in the treatment of depression.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):148 (2009) PMID 19485632

    This study examined outcomes and attrition across three treatments for depression in relation to socioeconomic status (SES). The study was based on data available from the Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program (TDCRP) of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; Elkin, 1994...
  3. Predictors of residential placement following a psychiatric crisis episode among children and youth in state custody.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):228 (2009) PMID 19485640

    This study examined the extent and correlates of entry into residential care among 603 children and youth in state custody who were referred to psychiatric crisis services. Overall, 27% of the sample was placed in residential care within 12 months after their 1st psychiatric crisis screening. Am...
  4. Coming in: an examination of people with co-occurring substance use and serious mental illness exiting chronic homelessness.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):236 (2009) PMID 19485641

    Despite national efforts, the number of people who are chronically homeless in our cities remains high. People with serious mental illness and substance abuse problems continue to represent the majority of those experiencing long-term homelessness. Traditional shelters have difficulty engaging a...
  5. Mediating pathways explaining psychosocial functioning and revictimization as sequelae of parental violence among adolescent mothers.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):181 (2009) PMID 19485635 PMCID PMC2859956

    Adolescent mothers are at high risk for negative life events, such as previous childhood physical abuse, impaired psychosocial functioning, and young adulthood revictimization. However, little is known about the potential pathways in these events; hence, little is known about opportunities for i...
  6. Too close for comfort: inadequate boundaries with parents and individuation in late adolescent girls.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):191 (2009) PMID 19485636

    This longitudinal study examined the ramifications of psychological control-guilt induction, parentification, triangulation, and blurring in parent-adolescent relationships for girls' individuation and adjustment. The study followed 120 girls in their transition from high school to military serv...
  7. Stigma and self-concept among adolescents receiving mental health treatment.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):261 (2009) PMID 19485644

    Although studies indicate that adolescents diagnosed with mental disorders are stigmatized by the American public, we know very little about the extent to which stigma is experienced by these youth and its effects on their well-being. This cross-sectional study utilizes interviews with 60 adoles...
  8. Measuring mental health following traumatization: psychometric analysis of the Kuwait Raha Scale using a random national household data set.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):221 (2009) PMID 19485639

    The authors report on the psychometric properties of the Kuwait Raha Scale (KRS), a measure developed to assess well-being among Kuwaitis. Specific aims of the study were to (a) evaluate competing models of the latent structure of the KRS using exploratory factor analysis and identify the best m...
  9. Speaking up about the unspeakable.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):133 (2009) PMID 19485629

  10. When oppression is the pathogen: the participatory development of socially just mental health practice.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):159 (2009) PMID 19485633

    Social justice perspectives have revealed the ways that racist, sexist, heterosexist and classist assumptions are embedded within conventional mental health theory and practice. Moreover, recent research has explored the pathogenic influence of structural oppression on the emotional well-being o...
  11. Using the People of Color Racial Identity Attitude Scale among Asian American college students: an exploratory factor analysis.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):252 (2009) PMID 19485643

    In this study, an exploratory factor analysis of the People of Color Racial Identity Attitude Scale (PRIAS; Helms, 1995b) among a sample of Asian American college students (N = 225) was conducted. The factorial structure that emerged revealed mixed results in terms of consistency with the People...
  12. Contrasting concepts of depression in Uganda: implications for service delivery in a multicultural context.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):275 (2009) PMID 19485645

    Depression is a rising public health concern worldwide. Understanding how people conceptualize depression within and across cultures is crucial to effective treatment in a global environment. In this article, we highlight the importance of considering both lay and professional perspectives when ...
  13. Posttraumatic stress symptoms in children after Hurricane Katrina: predicting the need for mental health services.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):212 (2009) PMID 19485638

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents after Hurricane Katrina. It was hypothesized that a positive correlation would exist between trauma exposure variables and symptoms indicating need for mental ...
  14. School-age adopted Chinese girls' behavioral adjustment, academic performance, and social skills: longitudinal results.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):244 (2009) PMID 19485642

    Longitudinal data on 177 school-age adopted Chinese girls (Time 1: mean age = 8.92 years, SD = 1.76; Time 2: mean age = 11.18 years, SD = 1.79) were analyzed to determine their long-term outcomes in behavioral adjustment, academic performance (measured with the Child Behavior Checklist/6-18), an...
  15. Women's perspective on men's control and aggression in intimate relationships.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):169 (2009) PMID 19485634

    The relationship of men's self-control capability; their need to control their wives; and their use of verbal aggression, threats, and physical forms of aggression against their partners, as reported by women, were examined. Data were obtained from a stratified probability sample of 2,544 women ...
  16. The Lost Boys of Sudan: coping with ambiguous loss and separation from parents.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):203 (2009) PMID 19485637

    The Lost Boys of Sudan were separated from their families by civil war and subsequently lived in three other countries-Ethiopia, Kenya, and the United States. In-depth interviews were conducted with 10 refugees about their experiences of separation from parents and ambiguous loss, and the coping...
  17. Profane research versus researching the profane: commentary on Başoğlu (2009).

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2):146 (2009) PMID 19485631

    Torture survivors, therapists, and society look to behavioral science for help understanding the traumatization, needs, and treatment of torture survivors. Any research of torture can and possibly will be used by torturers to refine their abuse of prisoners. It is difficult but necessary to disc...
  18. Self-regulation and its relations to adaptive functioning in low income youths.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(1):19 (2009) PMID 19290722

    Most studies of self-regulation involving children have linked it to specific outcomes within a single domain of adaptive functioning. The authors examined the association of self-regulation with a range of indices of adaptive functioning among 155 youth ages 8-18 years from families with very l...
  19. Cultural influences on help-seeking attitudes in Asian American students.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(1):125 (2009) PMID 19290732

    There is considerable evidence indicating that Asian American college students have less favorable attitudes toward and are less likely to use mental health services than other ethnic groups in the United States. Because a person's attitudes are often strongly associated with their voluntary beh...
  20. The influence of religious participation on the adjustment of female inmates.

    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(1):1 (2009) PMID 19290720

    Incarcerated women at a state correctional facility (N = 213) participated in a study of the relationship between stress, adjustment, institutional misconduct, and degree of personal support derived from religious participation. A series of multivariate analyses of variance investigated differen...