The American Journal of Surgery
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- Ebscoatoz, Gale, Ebsconet, Ebsco, Ingenta, Mdconsult from 2001, Sciencedirect from 1917, and Rcgp
Surgical, oncologic, and cosmetic differences between oncoplastic and nononcoplastic breast conserving surgery in breast cancer patients.
There is a lack of information regarding the safety, complication rate, and cosmetic outcome of oncoplastic breast conserving surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare oncoplastic and nononcoplastic procedures. A retrospective review was conducted of patients treated with oncopla...
American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education medical student simulation-based surgical skills curriculum needs assessment...
Simulation can enhance learning effectiveness, efficiency, and patient safety and is engaging for learners. A survey was conducted of surgical clerkship directors nationally and medical students at 5 medical schools to rank and stratify simulation-based educational topics. Students applying to surge...
When surgeons decide to become surgeons: new opportunities for surgical education.
When surgeons decide to become surgeons has important implications. If the decision is made prior to or early in medical school, surgical education can be more focused on surgical diseases and resident skills. To determine when surgeons - compared with their nonsurgical colleagues - decide on their...
Do more with less: a surgery directed institutional model for resident central line training.
Simulation training can improve proficiency in central line placement, but it is expensive and resource intensive. The authors developed a 3-phase approach to central venous catheter placement training, including an online module, mannequin-based simulation using a single faculty member, followed by...
Validity evidence for the Simulated Colonoscopy Objective Performance Evaluation scoring system.
Low-cost, objective systems to assess and train endoscopy skills are needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Simulated Colonoscopy Objective Performance Evaluation to assess the skills required to perform endoscopy. Thirty-eight subjects were included in this study, all of whom...
How to write a surgical clinical research protocol: literature review and practical guide.
The study protocol is the core document of every clinical research project. Clinical research in studies involving surgical interventions presents some specific challenges, which need to be accounted for and described in the study protocol. The aim of this review is to provide a practical guide for...
Is there a place for medical students as teachers in the education of junior residents?
The aim of this study was to investigate a novel resident education model that turns the traditional surgical hierarchy upside down, termed a "reverse" peer-assisted learning curriculum. Thirty surgical topics were randomized between medical students and chief residents on each clinical team, with 1...
A formative midterm test increases accuracy of identifying students at risk of failing a third year surgery clerkship.
Providing midclerkship feedback to identify students at risk for failing is a Liaison Committee on Medical Education standard. Objective criteria for that feedback are critical. The investigators studied the value of a formative midterm (MT) test in identifying students at risk for failing a surgery...
Formal research training during surgical residency: scaffolding for academic success.
We surveyed all North American graduates of the McGill University general surgery residency program between 1987 and 2005. The survey included questions on research involvement before, during, and after general surgery residency. This was combined with a literature search revealing all research publ...
Predictors of microinvasion and its prognostic role in ductal carcinoma in situ.
We sought to determine factors predicting microinvasion and the prognostic role it plays in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). A retrospective cohort study of 205 consecutive patients presenting to the Yale Breast Center, New Haven, CT, was performed. Fifty-one (24.9%) patients had micro...