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Troponin C (TnC) is an 18-kDa acidic protein of the EF-hand family that serves as the trigger for muscle contraction. In this study, we investigated the thermodynamic stability of the C-domain of TnC in all its occupancy states (apo, Mg (2+)-, and Ca (2+)-bound states) using a fluorescent mutant...
The S-adenosyl- l-homocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolases (SAHH) from Homo sapiens (Hs-SAHH) and from the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc-SAHH) are very similar in structure and catalytic properties but differ in the kinetics and thermodynamics of association and dissociation of the cofactor NAD (+). Th...
We report the semisynthesis of a selenocysteine (Sec) derivative of the human copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase, substituted with Sec at the C-terminal C246 residue. Measurements of hCCS-induced SOD1 activation were used to show that the C-terminal CXC sequence is both necessary and suff...
PKR (protein kinase R) is induced by interferon and is a key component of the innate immunity antiviral pathway. Upon binding dsRNA, PKR undergoes autophosphorylation reactions that activate the kinase, leading it to phosphorylate eIF2alpha, thus inhibiting protein synthesis in virally infected ...
Copper has been proposed to play a role in Alzheimer's disease through interactions with the amyoid-beta (Abeta) peptide. The coordination environment of bound copper as a function of Cu:Abeta stoichiometry and Abeta oligomerization state are particularly contentious. Using low-temperature elect...
The biochemical routes for the metabolism of methylglyoxal and the formation of lactaldehyde and hydroxyacetone in Methanocaldococcus jannaschii have been established. The addition of methylglyoxal and NADH, NADPH, F 420H 2, or DTT to a M. jannaschii cell extract stimulated the production of bot...
The present study reports distinct dynamic consequences for the T- and R-states of human normal adult hemoglobin (Hb A) due to the binding of a heterotropic allosteric effector, inositol hexaphosphate (IHP). A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique based on modified transverse relaxation opt...
The mitochondrial protein frataxin plays a central role in mitochondrial iron homeostasis, and frataxin deficiency is responsible for Friedreich ataxia, a neurodegenerative and cardiac disease that affects 1 in 40000 children. Here we present a single-particle reconstruction from cryoelectron mi...