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The flavoprotein quiescin-sulfhydryl oxidase (QSOX) rapidly inserts disulfide bonds into unfolded, reduced proteins with the concomitant reduction of oxygen to hydrogen peroxide. This study reports the first heterologous expression and enzymological characterization of a human QSOX1 isoform. Lik...
Haloalcohol dehalogenase HheC catalyzes the reversible dehalogenation of vicinal haloalcohols to form epoxides and free halides. In addition, HheC is able to catalyze the irreversible and highly regioselective ring-opening of epoxides with nonhalide nucleophiles, such as CN (-) and N 3 (-). For ...
4-Hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase (4-HBCR) is a member of the xanthine oxidase (XO) family of molybdenum cofactor containing enzymes and catalyzes the irreversible removal of a phenolic hydroxy group by reduction, yielding benzoyl-CoA and water. In this work the effects of various activity modulati...
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) (CD31), a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily of cell adhesion molecules with six Ig-like domains, has a range of functions, notably its contributions to leukocyte extravasation during inflammation and in maintaining vascular endo...
Inhibition of the protein kinase, MEK1, is a potential approach for the treatment of cancer. Inhibitors may act by prevention of activation (PoA), which involves interfering with phosphorylation of nonactivated MEK1 by the upstream kinase, B-RAF. Modulation also may occur by inhibition of cataly...
Cytochrome c oxidase couples electron transfer from cytochrome c to O 2 to proton pumping across the membrane. In the initial part of the reaction of the reduced cytochrome c oxidase with O 2, an electron is transferred from heme a to the catalytic site, parallel to the membrane surface. Even th...
We report the semisynthesis of a selenocysteine (Sec) derivative of the human copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase, substituted with Sec at the C-terminal C246 residue. Measurements of hCCS-induced SOD1 activation were used to show that the C-terminal CXC sequence is both necessary and suff...
The current view of ribosomal peptidyl transfer is that the ribosome is a ribozyme and that ribosomal proteins are not involved in catalysis of the chemical reaction. This view is largely based on the first crystal structures of bacterial large ribosomal subunits that did not show any protein co...