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Bacillus subtilis Class Ib Ribonucleotide Reductase: High Activity and Dynamic Subunit Interactions.
We now report our efforts to optimize the activity of B. subtilis RNR by (1) isolation of NrdF with a homogeneous cofactor, and (2) identification and purification of the endogenous reductant(s). Goal one was achieved using anion exchange chromatography to separate apo-/mismetalated-NrdFs from Mn(II...
Accessibility and External versus Intercalative Binding to DNA As Assessed by Oxygen-Induced Quenching of the Palladium(II)-Containing Catio...
Studies reveal that it is possible to design a palladium(II)-containing porphyrin to bind exclusively by intercalation to double-stranded DNA while simultaneously enhancing the ability to sensitize the formation of singlet oxygen. The comparisons revolve around the cations [5,10,15,20-tetra(N-methyl...
Interactions between cytochromes P450 2B4 (CYP2B4) and 1A2 (CYP1A2) lead to alterations in toluene disposition and P450 uncoupling.
These results suggest the major functional effects of the P450·P450 interaction are mediated by changes in the relative abilities of the P450s to receive electrons from CPR. Furthermore, CPR may play an effector role by causing a conformational change in CYP1A2 that makes its metabolism more efficie...
Tranilast binds to aβ monomers and promotes aβ fibrillation.
We used solution NMR to determine that tranilast binds to Aβ40 monomers with ∼300 μM affinity. Remarkably, tranilast increases Aβ40 fibrillation more than 20-fold in the thioflavin T assay at a 1:1 molar ratio, as well as significantly reducing the lag time. Tranilast likely promotes fibrillation by...
Thermodynamic contribution to the regulation of electron transfer in the Na(+)-pumping NADH:quinone oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae.
The Na+ pumping NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) is a fundamental enzyme of the oxidative phosphorylation metabolism and ionic homeostasis in several pathogenic and marine bacteria. In order to understand the mechanism that couples the electron transfer with the sodium transloca...
Motifs Q and I are required for ATP hydrolysis but not for ATP binding in SWI2/SNF2 proteins.
We have sought to define the role of motifs Q and I in ATP hydrolysis mediated by ADAAD. We show that in ADAAD both motifs Q and I are required for only ATP catalysis but not for ATP binding. In addition, the conserved glutamine present in motif Q also dictates the catalytic rate. The ability of the...
Computational prediction of residues involved in fidelity checking for DNA synthesis in DNA polymerase I.
We have used energy decomposition (EDA), electrostatic free energy response (EFER), and non-covalent interaction analysis (NCI) analyses to identify residues involved in this putative checking site. We have used structures for DNA polymerase I from two different organisms, the Klenow fragment from E...
Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalytic mechanism: a novel visual comparative structural approach emphasizes pivotal roles for mg(2+) and p-loo...
We used the photosensitive phosphate analogue vanadate (V(i)) to study the enzyme's mechanism in the transition state. Significantly, these studies showed that Mg(2+) plays an important role in transition state formation during ATP synthesis. Additionally, in both MgADP·V(i)-F(1) and MgV(i)-F(1) co...
Characterization of early stage intermediates in the nucleation phase of Aβ aggregation.
These results are the first reported measurements of the real-time changes in Aβ molecular structure during the early stages of amyloid formation at the nanometer level....
Active site substitution A82W improves the regioselectivity of steroid hydroxylation by cytochrome P450 BM3 mutants as rationalized by spin ...
We present engineered drug metabolizing P450 BM3 mutants as a novel tool for regioselective hydroxylation of steroids at the 16ß-position. In particular we show that by replacing alanine at position 82 by a tryptophan in P450 BM3 mutants M01 and M11, the selectivity towards 16ß-hydroxylation for b...