Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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The North American wood frog, Rana sylvatica, endures whole body freezing while wintering on land and has developed multiple biochemical adaptations to elude cell/tissue damage and optimize its freeze tolerance. Blood flow is halted in the frozen state, imparting both ischemic and oxidative stre...
Fluoroquinolones target bacterial type IIA topoisomerases, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV (Topo IV). Fluoroquinolones trap a topoisomerase-DNA covalent complex as a topoisomerase-fluoroquinolone-DNA ternary complex and ternary complex formation is critical for their cytotoxicity. A divalent met...
In plants, transient elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in response to abiotic stress is responsible for glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) activation via association with calmodulin (CaM), an EF-hand protein consisting of two homologous domains (N and C). An unusual 1:2 binding mode of ...
Galectin 3 is a member of a family of β-galactoside binding proteins and has emerged as an important regulator of diverse functions critical in cancer biology including apoptosis, metastasis, immune surveillance, molecular trafficking, mRNA splicing, gene expression, and inflammation. Galectin 3...
In recent years, endocannabinoids emerged as new players in various reproductive events. Recently, we demonstrated the involvement of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) in human cytotrophoblast apoptosis and syncytialization. However, 2-AG impact in hormone production by the syncytiotrophoblast (hST)...
Hemolysin from uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is a hemolytic and cytotoxic protein active against a broad range of species and cell types. Expression of hemolysin correlates with severity of infection, as up to 78% of UPEC isolates from pyelonephritis cases express hemolysin. Despite deca...
Proteinaceous nanometer-scale pores are ubiquitous in biology. The canonical ionic channels (e.g., those that transport Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), and Cl(-) across cell membranes) play key roles in many cellular processes, including nerve and muscle activity. Another class of channels includes bacteri...
Oligomeric assemblies are postulated to be proximate neurotoxic species in human diseases associated with aberrant protein aggregation. Their heterogeneous and transient nature makes their structural characterization difficult. Size distributions of oligomers of several amyloidogenic proteins, i...
Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, with over 54,000 new cases per year diagnosed worldwide and a 5-year survival rate below 60%. This highlights a need for research into the mechanisms behind its etiology and causes of therapy failure. The bone marrow microenvironment, in which adult...
The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment regulates the properties of healthy hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) localized in specific niches. Two distinct microenvironmental niches have been identified in the BM, the "osteoblastic (endosteal)" and "vascular" niches. Nevertheless, these niches provide ...