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British Journal of Nutrition

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  1. Trans-polar-fat: all Inuit are not equal.

    British Journal of Nutrition 100(4):703 (2009) PMID 18377680

    As part of the rapid socio-cultural transition observed in Arctic populations, the Inuit diet is changing. We present original data derived from the baseline Inuit Health in Transition cohort study regarding biological levels of n-3 fatty acids and trans-fatty acids (TFA), lipids with opposite h...
  2. Breastfeeding rates and duration in Germany: a Bavarian cohort study.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1127 (2008) PMID 18294424

    Breastfeeding is the recommended feeding for all healthy infants. The aim of our study was to assess the current state of breastfeeding prevalence, duration and behaviour in Bavaria, Germany as a basis for targeting breastfeeding promotion measures. The Bavarian Breastfeeding Study is a prospect...
  3. A randomised controlled trial investigating the effect of an intensive lifestyle intervention v. standard care in adults with type 2 diabetes immediately after initiating insulin therapy.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1025 (2008) PMID 18197995

    Obesity and type 2 diabetes are inextricably linked. It is therefore unfortunate that insulin, the ultimate treatment to improve glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes, is associated with significant weight gain. The aim of the present investigation was to ascertain whether a dietitian-led intensi...
  4. Effects of moderate hyperhomocysteinaemia induced by 4 weeks methionine-enriched diet on metabolite profile and mesenteric artery function in rats.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):993 (2008) PMID 18294423

    Methionine is an essential amino acid and methyl donor for most transmethylation reactions in mammals. The product of transmethylation reactions is homocysteine, which is associated with enhanced risk for CVD. The aim of this study was to analyse metabolic and vascular functional consequences of...
  5. Relationship between energy from added sugars and frequency of added sugars intake in Irish children, teenagers and adults.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1117 (2008) PMID 18096092

    A WHO report on diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases recommended that frequency of consumption of foods and/or drinks containing free sugars should be limited to a maximum of four times per d. In addition, they recommended a reduction in the intake of free sugars to a maximum o...
  6. Effects of milk fermented by Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 on adipocyte size in rats.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1013 (2008) PMID 17977471

    Despite adequate scientific evidence of the potential benefits of probiotics to human health or disease prevention, their contribution to the growth of adipose tissue remains to be established. Four-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet containing skim milk (control diet) or skim mil...
  7. The acute effects of psyllium on postprandial lipaemia and thermogenesis in overweight and obese men.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1068 (2008) PMID 18005484

    Overweight and obesity is one of the risk factors for developing CVD. At present, very little is known about the acute effects of dietary fibre on lipids, glucose and insulin, resting energy expenditure and diet-induced thermogenesis in overweight and obese individuals. This study examined the p...
  8. Nutrient utilisation and intestinal fermentation are differentially affected by the consumption of resistant starch varieties and conventional fibres in pigs.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):984 (2008) PMID 18005479

    This study examined the influence of different resistant starch (RS) varieties and conventional fibres on the efficiency of nutrient utilisation and intestinal fermentation in pigs. Thirty-six pigs (30 kg) were fed poultry meal-based diets supplemented with 10 % granular resistant corn starch (G...
  9. Genistein and daidzein induced apoA-1 transactivation in hepG2 cells expressing oestrogen receptor-alpha.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1007 (2008) PMID 18005483

    Studies have shown that soya consumption has been associated with low incidence of CVD. Because the chemical structures of soya isoflavones are similar to oestrogen, the beneficial outcome may be attributed to the oestrogenicity of these compounds. In this study, effect of the soya isoflavone ge...
  10. Postprandial oxidative stress is exacerbated in cigarette smokers.

    British Journal of Nutrition 99(5):1055 (2008) PMID 17925054

    Both cigarette smoking and high fat meals induce oxidative stress, which is associated with the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. We compared blood antioxidant status, oxidative stress biomarkers and TAG in twenty smokers and twenty non-smokers, matched for age and physical activity, in respons...