British Journal of Psychology
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- Gale, Ingenta, Proquest, CSA, and Wiley from 1999
Differential effects of grammatical gender and gender inflection in bare noun production.
We replicated the grammatical gender interference effect in bare noun production in Italian: naming times are slower to picture-word noun pairs sharing the same gender. This effect is independent from the morphological transparency for gender, but responses are significantly slower when the distract...
Agreeableness, conscientiousness, and psychoticism: distinctive influences of three personality dimensions in adolescence.
We utilized a multi-wave, multi-method design to examine the ability of C, A, and P to uniquely predict a number of important outcomes amongst high school students. A total of 778 students (391 males, 387 females; mean age 15.41 years.) completed personality measures in Grade 10. Self-reported self-...
Integration of base rates and new information in an abstract hypothesis-testing task.
We investigated how people use base rates and the presence versus the absence of new information to judge which of two hypotheses is more likely. Participants were given problems based on two decks of cards printed with 0-4 letters. A table showed the relative frequencies of the letters on the cards...
"Lights on at the end of the party": are lads' mags mainstreaming dangerous sexism?
Research has suggested that some magazines targeted at young men - lads' mags - are normalizing extreme sexist views by presenting those views in a mainstream context. Consistent with this view, young men in Study 1 (n = 90) identified more with derogatory quotes about women drawn from recent lads'...
Dissociable neural systems for analogy and metaphor: implications for the neuroscience of creativity.
Two recent reviews of the neuroimaging literature on creativity have pointed to inconsistent findings across studies, calling into question the usefulness of the theoretical constructs motivating the search for its neural bases. However, it is argued that consistent patterns of neural activation do...
Trait gambling cognitions predict near-miss experiences and persistence in laboratory slot machine gambling.
'Near-miss' outcomes (i.e., unsuccessful outcomes close to the jackpot) have been shown to promote gambling persistence. Although there have been recent advances in understanding the neurobiological responses to gambling near-misses, the psychological mechanisms involved in these events remain uncle...
The neural processing of familiar and unfamiliar faces: a review and synopsis.
We divide our presentation by type of familiarity (famous, personal, and visual familiarity) to consider the distinct neural underpinnings of each. We conclude with a description of a recent model of person information proposed by Gobbini and Haxby (2007) and a list of open questions and promising d...
How does experience change cognition? Evaluating the evidence.
Schellenberg (2011) reports the results of an experiment to determine the cause of the association between music training and intelligence quotient (IQ) in children. There was no difference between trained and untrained groups in a set of executive function tasks and no evidence that executive funct...
Predicting beauty: fractal dimension and visual complexity in art.
Visual complexity has been known to be a significant predictor of preference for artistic works for some time. The first study reported here examines the extent to which perceived visual complexity in art can be successfully predicted using automated measures of complexity. Contrary...