Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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The physico-chemical characteristics of sugar industry effluent were measured and some were found to be above those limits permissible in the Indian irrigation water standard. A pot study was initially conducted to study the effects of different concentrations (20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%) of su...
Ecotoxicological effects of the herbicide atrazine and the insecticides endosulfan sulphate and chlorpyrifos were evaluated using a test battery comprising aquatic organisms from different trophic levels. According to the categories established in the EU legislation, atrazine can be considered n...
Colonization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Glomus mosseae increased Avena nuda seedling tolerance to SO(2) exposure, as indicated by elevated total plant biomass and ameliorative photosynthetic rate, when compared to the non-mycorrhizal plants. This is associated with an improved antioxidant c...
The aim of the study was to evaluate subchronic toxic effects of the preparation LASSO MTX (alachlor 42% W/V) on hematological indices and histology of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). In carp exposed for 28 days to LASSO MTX in the concentration of 2,400 microg L(-1), significant differenc...
Studies on avoidance of contaminants by aquatic organisms verified that such behavior may have crucial ecological implications. Yet, avoidance tests have not been considered in ecological risk assessments. This study aimed at developing a short-term test with Daphnia magna Straus based on avoida...
A quantitative structure-activity relationship model for prediction of mutagenicity of nitronaphthalenes and methylnitronaphthalenes was developed using some fundamental quantum chemical descriptors. The cumulative cross-validated regression coefficient value for the optimal quantitative structu...
The effects of a sublethal concentration (7.66 mg/L) of carbofuran, were assessed on Clarias batrachus. The fish were exposed to 7.66 mg of carbofuran/L for 6 days. After 6 days, fish were released into carbofuran-free water in order to study the recovery pattern. Proteins were decreased in gill...
Trichloroethylene (TCE), a commonly used industrial degreasing solvent and environmental toxicant, reduces rat oocyte fertilizability by an incompletely understood mechanism. Previous evidence implicated cytochrome P450 dependent oxidation of TCE. The current study investigated a second pathway,...
Biofilms were developed on glass microscope slides in a natural aquatic environment and their mercury adsorption properties were evaluated. Results demonstrated that the biofilms contained a large number of bacterial cells and associated extracellular polymers. Mercury forms detected in the biof...
Microcystins are a kind of cyclic hepatoxins produced by many species of cyanobacteria. The toxic effects of microcystins on animals and plants have been well studied. However, the reports about the effects of microcystins on microbial cells are very limited. In present paper, Escherichia coli w...