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We report a 62-year-old man who have taken major tranquilizer for schizophrenia for the past 24 years. He had sudden generalized tonic-clonic seizure and consciousness loss on April 2010. He was administered diazepam, phenytoin, phenobarbital intravenously and drip-infused with midazolam continu...
Mechanical ventilation (MV) and cardiac protective therapy have improved the prognosis and quality of life of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). To understand how these therapies have changed prognosis, we performed a cause-of-death analysis in DMD patients. Mean age at death befor...
We report a 55-year-old woman with limbic encephalitis associated with leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibody. She first developed a generalized seizure, following by consciousness loss. Although anticonvulant was initially effective, she began to present frequently with seizure and m...
Polyneuropathy associated with antibodies directed against myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) is a chronic symmetric sensorimotor demyelinating neuropathy caused by monoclonal IgM against MAG (anti-MAG neuropathy). Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg) has been partially successful in pati...
A 40 year-old man with migraine presented cerebral ischemic attacks several times in one year. He had no risk factors for cerebrovascular disease including hypertension, but had strong family history suggesting autosomal dominant inheritance. A brain MRI on T(2) weighted and FLAIR images reveale...
Vocal cord movement disorders are increasingly recognized in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We describe a patient with limb-onset ALS who developed vocal cord paralysis. A 74-year-old Japanese male consulted our clinic with a 6-month history of weakness in both arms. His fami...
A Japanese female patient presented with dysarthria and gait disturbance with ataxia at the age of 63. She was initially diagnosed with spinocerebellar degeneration because a head CT showed atrophy of the cerebellum and brainstem, and dilatation of the fourth ventricle. Symptoms including abnorm...
A previously healthy 34-year-old man sustained multiple skull fractures in a traffic accident. Radiological findings and visual field examination did not detect any abnormality. Shortly after the accident, he noticed blurred vision in both eyes. Six months after the accident, he gradually develo...
A 79-year-old woman was admitted to a nearby hospital for seven days due to low-grade fever, loss of appetite and general fatigue. She was diagnosed with normal condition and discharged. She was admitted to our hospital one week later with disturbed consciousness. Laboratory findings upon admiss...
Muscle pathology plays a central role in the diagnosis of muscle diseases. Proper handling, fixation and transportation of muscle biopsy specimens are necessary to avoid artifacts. Hematoxylin and eosin provides information on basic morphological abnormalities, including general structural chang...