European Journal of Pharmacology
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European Journal of Pharmacology 766:ii (2015)
Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) is involved in the proliferation and survival of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in human pulmonary hypertension (PH) and animal PH models, and miRNAs are reported to play a key role in modulation of the proliferation of PASMCs. The pu...
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors play a crucial role in the biology of human cancer, making them an attractive target for anti-cancer agents. We previously designed oligopeptides containing the amino-acid sequences surrounding the autophosphorylation sites of the insulin ...
We have previously demonstrated that treating diabetic rats with enalapril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, α-lipoic acid, an antioxidant, or menhaden oil, a natural source of omega-3 fatty acids can partially improve diabetic peripheral neuropathy. In this study we s...
Oxyntomodulin is a hormone and a growth factor. It activates two receptors, the Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and the glucagon receptor. GLP-1 mimetics are on the market as treatments for type 2 diabetes and are well tolerated. These drugs have shown neuroprotective properties in ani...
We evaluated the effects of K+ channel blockers in the vascular reactivity of in vitro perfused kidneys, as well as on the influence of vasoactive agents in the renal blood flow of rats subjected to the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of sepsis. Both norepinephrine and phenylep...
Pharmacological synergism has been used to obtain a higher efficacy using drug concentrations at which side effects are minimal. In this study, the pharmacological antinociceptive interaction between N-palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and tramadol was investigated. The individual concentrat...
Atractylenolide I (AO-I), one of the major bioactive components isolated from Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of AO-I on acute lung injury (ALI) using LPS-induced ALI mo...
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra in the midbrain. However, the etiology of the reduction in dopaminergic neurons remains unclear. Recently, it has been suggested that oxidative stress, endoplasm...
Iron overload cardiomyopathy is the major cause of death in transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT) patients. Growing evidence demonstrates that combined iron chelators, or the combination of an iron chelator with antioxidant(s) are effective in diminishing myocardial iron deposition a...