Hygiene and Sanitation
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[Development of national and international standards of population age distribution for medical statistics, health-demographic analysis and ...
The current European standard (CES) and the World population age distribution standard is widely used in medical and demographic studies, performed by international (WHO, etc.) and national organizations. The Russian Federal Service of States Statistics (RosStat) uses CES in demographic yearbooks an...
[Risk factors for children's population health in stressed environmental conditions of lead pollition].
Adverse environmental conditions in Shymkent significantly increase the risk of accumulation of lead in the bodies of the children of the third generation of the population residing in the contaminated areas, cause deteriorations of antioxidant defense in the respiratory system, greatly decline barr...
[Heatwaves and population die off in the Voronezh city].
Climatic factor is most important condition for the formation of public health. Attention to it has increased recently against the background of global and regional climate change. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of air temperature on population die off in the Voronezh city in the...
[Description of anthropometric indices and nutritional status in students in Ufa city].
The evaluation of the anthropometric measures and body mass index describing the nutritional status of students in Ufa has been performed. Anthropometric measures of students in Ufa were established to be significantly lower in comparison with anthropometric measures of their peers f...
[Dietary prophylaxis of selenium deficiency].
By studying the specific features of selenium exchange in subjects with equal dietary selenium intakes, but with different contents of methionine, the authors have established that the diet containing the optimum methionine level has a pronounced selenium-sparing effect and may be used as one of the...
[Evaluation of the status of experimental animals after chronic sulfur steam inhalation].
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and the hepatorenal system were studied on albino rats in one-month regeneration period after 4-month chronic sulfur vapor in a dose of 1.76 and 12.68 microg/m3. Cytomorphological studies were used to detect the cumulative properties of sulfur: there were pathological pr...
[Health status assessment of the population living in vicinity of carrier rocket fall areas].
One hundred and eighteen subjects living at various distances from the carrier rocket fall places underwent cytomorphological studies of the upper airways (rhinocytogram) and buccal epithelium. The findings indicate that the dwellers of the settlements of Ulytausky District have chronic hypertrophic...
[Benz(a)pyrene antibodies are a marker of carcinogenic load in coal-processing workers].
The authors studied benz(a)pyrene-specific secretory and serum antibody ratios (Ka) in 249 workers of the Kemerovo Power Station, by applying their modified enzyme immunoassay technique. There were 37 (20.5%) and 4 (5.8%) cases with Ka >2 at the preset immunoassay parameters of the 180 and 69 worker...
[Impact of motor activity on the musculoskeletal system of present-day schoolchildren].
Moscow schoolchildren having prepathological and pathological states of the musculoskeletal system (MSS) have been found to have risk factors leading to these disorders, such as no optimal motor activity, incorrectly chosen and purposefully unused clothes and footwear, and a text-book wearing manner...
[Ambient and enclosed space air sampling for determination of contaminants].
The paper touches upon the issues how to correctly and maximally take single and average daily samples of ambient, residential and public building, and enclosed space air for further tests for the content of hazardous substances. The paper is debated.