Hygiene and Sanitation
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[Dietary prophylaxis of selenium deficiency].
By studying the specific features of selenium exchange in subjects with equal dietary selenium intakes, but with different contents of methionine, the authors have established that the diet containing the optimum methionine level has a pronounced selenium-sparing effect and may be used as one of the...
[Evaluation of the status of experimental animals after chronic sulfur steam inhalation].
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and the hepatorenal system were studied on albino rats in one-month regeneration period after 4-month chronic sulfur vapor in a dose of 1.76 and 12.68 microg/m3. Cytomorphological studies were used to detect the cumulative properties of sulfur: there were pathological pr...
[Health status assessment of the population living in vicinity of carrier rocket fall areas].
One hundred and eighteen subjects living at various distances from the carrier rocket fall places underwent cytomorphological studies of the upper airways (rhinocytogram) and buccal epithelium. The findings indicate that the dwellers of the settlements of Ulytausky District have chronic hypertrophic...
[Benz(a)pyrene antibodies are a marker of carcinogenic load in coal-processing workers].
The authors studied benz(a)pyrene-specific secretory and serum antibody ratios (Ka) in 249 workers of the Kemerovo Power Station, by applying their modified enzyme immunoassay technique. There were 37 (20.5%) and 4 (5.8%) cases with Ka >2 at the preset immunoassay parameters of the 180 and 69 worker...
[Impact of motor activity on the musculoskeletal system of present-day schoolchildren].
Moscow schoolchildren having prepathological and pathological states of the musculoskeletal system (MSS) have been found to have risk factors leading to these disorders, such as no optimal motor activity, incorrectly chosen and purposefully unused clothes and footwear, and a text-book wearing manner...
[Ambient and enclosed space air sampling for determination of contaminants].
The paper touches upon the issues how to correctly and maximally take single and average daily samples of ambient, residential and public building, and enclosed space air for further tests for the content of hazardous substances. The paper is debated.
[Comparative assessment of the biological value of average daily diets in professional athletes of Uzbekistan].
Enhancement of the total biological value of average daily diets in athletes can be achieved by increasing the consumption of legumes, fish, liver, sour-milk products, vegetable oils, vegetables, melons and gourds, pumpkins, fresh and dried fruits, and greens. The balanced pattern of nutrients on al...
[Non-invasive assessment used to evaluate the nasal and oral mucosal cytological status in sociohygienic monitoring].
By analyzing their own studies and the results of other studies by other investigators, the authors provide evidence that the noninvasive evaluation of the nasal and oral cytological status is one of techniques for assessing the health status and reflects the organism's state varying with environmen...
[The stages of formation and development of the state sanitary inspectorate of Moscow].
The state sanitary-and-epidemiological service of Russia is 86 years old. Since the Decree of RSFSR Council of People's Commissars "On Sanitary Organs of the Republic" was issued in 1922, which determined the basic principles of state sanitary inspection, the service has undergone its decisive stage...
[Lation in ensuring the sanitary-and-epidemiological well-being under the present conditions].
The paper describes the basic principles in and approaches to the state regulation in ensuring the sanitary-and-epidemiological well-being. The necessity of enhancing the role of state regulation in ensuring the sanitary-and-epidemiological well-being stems from the intensive development of marketin...