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  1. L-Carnitine Supplementation Reduces Short-Term Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1160 (2015) PMID 25951165

    This study aims to investigate whether preoperative L-carnitine supplementation affects the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is an inflammatory marker that has proven usefulness for predicting ...
  2. Retrorectal Tumors in Adults: A 10-Year Retrospective Study.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1177 (2015) PMID 26595490

    Due to the rarity and large diversity of the primary retrorectal tumors (RTs), the diagnoses are often difficult and they can be misdiagnosed. We present our experience in light of scarce information available on the clinical manifestations of RTs. The retrospective study included 17 patients di...
  3. A Prospective, Randomized Comparison of Intramuscular Phloroglucinol Versus Oral Misoprostol for Cervix Pretreatment Before Diagnostic Hysteroscopy.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1207 (2015) PMID 25956954

    The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of intramuscular phloroglucinol and oral misoprostol for cervix pretreatment before diagnostic hysteroscopy. Several modalities for cervical priming and pain reduction have been adopted to reduce the complications related to cervi...
  4. Relationship Between the Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Parathyroid Adenoma Size in Patients With Primary Hyperparathyroidism.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1185 (2015) PMID 26595491

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and adenoma size in parathyroidectomized patients who underwent a parathyroidectomy. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio has recently become popular as a biomarker for malignant diseases or for esti...
  5. Courageous Dedicated Research.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1159 (2015) PMID 26595488

  6. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges of Intrahepatic Biliary Cystadenoma and Cystadenocarcinoma: A Report of 10 Cases and Review of the Literature.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1212 (2015) PMID 26595495

    The objective of this study was to present our experience with intrahepatic biliary cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas in 10 patients surgically managed in our department. Intrahepatic biliary cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas are rare cystic tumors that are often misdiagnosed preoperativel...
  7. Adrenocortical Carcinoma With Renal Vein Thrombus Extended to Inferior Vena Cava: A Case Report.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1190 (2015) PMID 26595492

    Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare aggressive tumor. Renal vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombi have been found as uncommon presentations of ACC; however, the implementation of comprehensive therapy has remained controversial in such cases. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman with...
  8. Endoscopic Treatment of Esophago-Pleural Fistula Following Total Gastrectomy: A Case Report.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1225 (2015) PMID 26595497

    This paper is designed to report the endoscopic treatment for a rare esophagopleural fistula after total gastrectomy. Esophagopleural fistula is a rare complication following total gastrectomy. Nonoperative treatment using endoscopic injection of tissue glue is a less invasive and effective opti...
  9. Giant Splenic Artery Pseudoaneurysm: A Case Report and Literature Review.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1244 (2015) PMID 26595501

    Splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are the third most frequent intra-abdominal aneurysm, following abdominal aorta and iliac artery aneurysms. SAAs are classified according to their involvement of arterial wall layers: true aneurysms involve all 3 layers (intima, media, and adventitia), and pseudoa...
  10. Noninvasive Monitoring and Evaluation of the Renal Structure and Function in a Mouse Model of Unilateral Ureteral Occlusion Using Microcomputed Tomography.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1237 (2015) PMID 26595500

    Mouse unilateral ureteral occlusion (UUO) is widely used as a model of renal experimental obstructive nephropathy with interstitial fibrosis. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) imaging has the potential to produce quantitative images. The aim of this study was to establish standard images of mi...
  11. Stump Invagination Versus Simple Ligation in Open Appendicectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1199 (2015) PMID 26595494

    The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the superiority of stump closure between stump invagination (SI) and simple ligation (SL) during open appendicectomy (OA). The literature searching was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and . Available data ...
  12. Application of the Ureteroscope for Diagnosis and Treatment of the Seminal Vesicle Diseases.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1233 (2015) PMID 26595499

    The objective of this paper is to apply the transurethral endoscopic technique with the ureteroscope for diagnosis and treatment of the seminal vesicle and ejaculatory duct disorders. At present there is no special equipment designed to enter directly into the seminal vesicle cavity under direct...
  13. Intestinal Obstruction Caused by Persimmon Bezoar: A Case Report.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1194 (2015) PMID 26595493

    Owing to their rare occurrence, persimmon bezoars are often overlooked as a cause of small bowel obstruction. We herein report a small bowel obstruction in a 67-year-old Japanese female who regularly consumed persimmons in autumn. The patient presented to our hospital with typical complaints of ...
  14. Higher Level of Serum Heme Oxygenase-1 in Patients With Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1220 (2015) PMID 26595496

    The objective of this paper was to investigate the association of the serum level of heme oxygenase-1 in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) with the risk of ICH. Heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) metabolizes heme into biliverdin, bilirubin, carbon monoxide, and iron, our recent study showed that ...
  15. Midterm Results Following Percutaneous Rotational Thrombectomy for Acute Thrombotic Occlusions of Prosthetic Arteriovenous Access Grafts.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1249 (2015) PMID 26595502

    Patent vascular access is critical for patients on regular hemodialysis. Prosthetic grafts are good alternatives when the superficial venous system is of poor quality. However, thrombosis is one of the main drawbacks of synthetic grafts, with reports of 59% to 90% patency rates for 1 year. In ca...
  16. Assessment of Graft Selection Criteria in Living-Donor Liver Transplantation: The Jikei Experience.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1229 (2015) PMID 26595498

    In living-donor liver transplantation, graft selection is especially important for the safety of the live donor and an acceptable outcome for the recipient. The essential medical requirements for living liver donation at Jikei University Hospital are as follows: an adult aged 65 years or younger...
  17. Comparison of Functional Outcomes of Patients Who Underwent Hand-Sewn or Stapled Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis for Ulcerative Colitis.

    International surgery 100(7-8):1169 (2015) PMID 26595489

    Total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard surgical treatment for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) associated with hand-sewn and stapled IPAA. Ninety...
  18. Nonfunctional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Advances in Diagnosis, Management, and Controversies.

    International surgery 100(6):1089 (2015) PMID 25590518 PMCID PMC4587512

    In this article, we aimed to review the literature on the clinics and management of nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NPNET). Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) are rare tumors with a <1/100,000 incidence and constitute approximately 2 to 10% of all pancreatic tumors. Nonfunct...
  19. Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Approach in the Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fractures: A Systematic Review.

    International surgery 100(6):1124 (2015) PMID 26414835 PMCID PMC4587517

    Despite extensive research on thoracolumbar fractures, controversy still exists about which approach is the most appropriate. Lack of evidence-based practice may result in patients being treated inappropriately. The objective of study was to perform a systematic review of the effectiveness of th...
  20. A Promising Method for Repairing Low-Level Biliary Strictures After Cholecystectomy.

    International surgery 100(6):1072 (2015) PMID 26414830 PMCID PMC4587509

    The purpose of this study is to introduce and evaluate a new technique of repairing bile ducts by the tubular gastric wall with a vascularized pedicle. Both the end-to-end bile duct repair and Roux-en-Y hepatoenterostomy have limitations in the treatment of benign bile duct strictures after chol...