Journal of Antibiotics
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Cyclic lipodepsipeptides verlamelin A and B, isolated from entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium sp.
We studied and determined the absolute structure of these two compounds to be cyclo(5S-hydroxytetradecanoic acid-D-alloThr/Ser-D-Ala-L-Pro-L-Gln-D-Tyr-L-Val). This is the first study that precisely analyzed the structure of verlamelin....
Identification, synthesis and characterization of a novel antimicrobial peptide HKPLP derived from Hippocampus kuda Bleeker
A novel gene encoding 55 amino-acid residues has been identified from the brooding pouch cDNA library of Hippocampus kuda Bleeker. The deduced amino-acid sequence is highly homologous to several pleurocidin-like peptides from the winter flounder and comprises a signal peptide, a pro-...
Lanostane-type triterpenes from the sporoderm-broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum.
The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 11 January 2012; doi:10.1038/ja.2011.135.
Spread of cfr gene among staphylococci conferring resistance to linezolid in a patient under treatment
Phthalide derivatives with antifungal activities against the plant pathogens isolated from the liquid culture of Pestalotiopsis photiniae.
Three new phthalide derivatives (1-3) named 5-(3'-methyl-2'-butenyl)-2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-4-methylbenzoic acid (1), 5-(3'-carboxyl-3'-methyl-2E-allyloxy)-3-methoxy-4-methylphthalide (2) and 5-(3',3'-dimethylallyloxy)-2-methoxycarbonyl-3-methoxy-4-methylbenzoic acid (3) together with s...
Ganodermycin, a novel inhibitor of CXCL10 expression from Ganoderma applanatum
CXCL10 (inducible protein-10) is a highly inducible chemoattractant, which contributes to the recruitment of inflammatory cells, such as macrophages and T-lymphocytes, and thereby has important roles in chronic inflammatory conditions. In a search for new inhibitors of CXCL10 express...
Synthesis and antibacterial activity of new 4″-O-carbamates of 11,12-cyclic carbonate erythromycin A 6,9-imino ether.
A series of new 4″-O-carbamates of 11,12-cyclic carbonate erythromycin A 6,9-imino ether were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antibacterial activity. All the desired compounds demonstrated favorable activity (0.03 μg ml(-1)) against erythromycin-susceptible Strept...
Characterization of two cytochrome P450 monooxygenase genes of the pyripyropene biosynthetic gene cluster from Penicillium coprobium.
We predicted the biosynthetic gene cluster of PyA by blast analysis comparing with polyketide synthase and prenyltransferase of other species. By screening the genomic fosmid library, nine open reading frames (ppb1 to ppb9) related to the biosynthesis of PyA were deduced. Among them, two cytochrome...
Genome mining and biosynthesis of fumitremorgin-type alkaloids in ascomycetes.
This review summarizes the recent progress on the biosynthesis of fumitremorgin-type alkaloids; that is, the identification of the biosynthetic gene clusters from genome sequences by genome mining and proof of gene function by molecular biological and biochemical investigations.
Marinactinones A-C, new γ-pyrones from marine actinomycete Marinactinospora thermotolerans SCSIO 00606.
Three new γ-pyrones named marinactinones A-C (1-3) were isolated from marine-derived actinomycete Marinactinospora thermotolerans SCSIO 00606. These structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods. All three new compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic effects on six can...