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Journal of Comparative Neurology

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  1. Adenosine triphosphate-induced photoreceptor death and retinal remodeling in rats.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 522(13):2928 (2014) PMID 24639102

    Many common causes of blindness involve the death of retinal photoreceptors, followed by progressive inner retinal cell remodeling. For an inducible model of retinal degeneration to be useful, it must recapitulate these changes. Intravitreal administration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has recentl...
  2. The insular auditory field receives input from the lemniscal subdivision of the auditory thalamus in mice.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 522(6):1373 (2014) PMID 24638871

    We studied the auditory thalamic input to the insular cortex using mice as a model system. An insular auditory field (IAF) has recently been identified in mice. By using retrograde neuronal tracing, we identified auditory thalamic neurons projecting to the IAF, primary auditory cortex (AI), and ante...
  3. The cross-modal aspect of mouse visual cortex plasticity induced by monocular enucleation is age dependent.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 522(4):950 (2014) PMID 24037705

    We specifically investigated the age dependence of the onset and the exact timing of both ME-induced reactivation processes by comparing cortical activity patterns of mice enucleated at postnatal day (P) 45, 90, or 120. A swifter open-eye potentiated reactivation characterized the binocular visual c...
  4. Cholinergic circuitry of the human nucleus basalis and its fate in Alzheimer's disease.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(18):4124 (2013) PMID 23852922

    The nucleus basalis is located at the confluence of the limbic and reticular activating systems. It receives dopaminergic input from the ventral tegmental area/substantia nigra, serotonergic input from the raphe nuclei, and noradrenergic input from the nucleus locus coeruleus. Its cholinergic contin...
  5. Alzheimer's disease pathology in the neocortex and hippocampus of the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla).

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(18):4318 (2013) PMID 23881733

    We examined Aβ and tau-like lesions in the neocortex and hippocampus of aged male and female western lowland gorillas using immunohistochemistry and histochemistry. Analysis revealed an age-related increase in Aβ-immunoreactive plaques and vasculature in the gorilla brain. Aβ plaques were more abund...
  6. Migration of bone marrow-derived cells into the central nervous system in models of neurodegeneration.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(17):3863 (2013) PMID 23682015

    Microglia are the brain-resident macrophages tasked with the defense and maintenance of the central nervous system (CNS). The hematopoietic origin of microglia has warranted a therapeutic potential for the hematopoietic system in treating diseases of the CNS. However, migration of bone marrow-derive...
  7. A connection to the past: Monodelphis domestica provides insight into the organization and connectivity of the brains of early mammals.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(17):3877 (2013) PMID 23784751 PMCID PMC3959876

    We injected neuroanatomical tracers into the primary somatosensory area (S1), rostral and caudal somatosensory fields (SR and SC, respectively), and multimodal cortex (MM) and determined their connections with other architectonically defined cortical fields. Our results show that S1 has dense intrin...
  8. Evolution of the forebrain - revisiting the pallium.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(16):3601 (2013) PMID 23893869

  9. Conditional viral tracing reveals that steroidogenic factor 1-positive neurons of the dorsomedial subdivision of the ventromedial hypothalam...

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(14):3167 (2013) PMID 23696474

    We identified downstream neural targets of the VMHdm by injecting an adenoviral vector encoding Cre recombinase (Cre)-regulated farnesylated green fluorescent protein (GFPf ) into the VMHdm of mice that express Cre in neurons expressing the VMH-specific transcription factor steroidogenic factor 1 (S...
  10. Molecular cloning and characterization of chicken neuronal intermediate filament protein α-internexin.

    Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(9):2147 (2013) PMID 23224860

    We describe the molecular cloning of the mRNA sequence encoding the chicken α-internexin (chkINA) protein from embryonic brains. The gene structure and predicted amino acid sequence of chkINA exhibited high similarity to those of its zebrafish, mouse, rat, bovine, and human homologs. Data from trans...