Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
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Children's strategies in computational estimation
We investigated strategies used to estimate answers to addition problems. Two hundred and sixteen participants (72 adults, 72 sixth graders, and 72 fourth graders) had to provide estimates of three-by-three digit addition problems (e.g., 249+743). The choice/no-choice method was used to obtain unbias...
Orthographic learning during reading: examining the role of self-teaching
We obtained a substantial correlation (r=.52) between orthographic learning and the number of target homophones correctly decoded during story reading. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that neither RAN tasks nor general cognitive ability predicted variance in orthographic learning...
Learning categories via rules and similarity: Comparing adults and children.
We found that adults made significantly more optimal rule-based responses to the test stimuli than children. Children showed a variety of categorization styles, with a few relying on the optimal rules, many relying on suboptimal single-feature rules, and only a few relying on overall family resembla...
The role of rapid naming in reading development and dyslexia in Chinese.
We examined in a series of studies the mechanism that may underlie the relationship between Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) and reading (accuracy and fluency) in Mandarin Chinese. Study 1 examined the "arbitrary" connections hypothesis in a sample of Grade 2 children (N=182). Study 2 contrasted the p...
The roles of liar intention, lie content, and theory of mind in children’s evaluation of lies
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 132:1 (2015)• Children evaluate prosocial lies less negatively than selfish lies (intention). • Children evaluate lies about opinions less negatively than lies about facts (conten...
Adults with siblings like children's faces more than those without.
We do not know whether experience with young children during social development might act to further facilitate this. Here we investigated the potential impact of having siblings on adult likeability judgments of children's faces. In this study, 73 adult men and women (40 with siblings and 33 withou...
The role of social interaction and pedagogical cues for eliciting and reducing overimitation in preschoolers.
We investigated (a) whether communication of a model performing irrelevant actions is necessary to elicit overimitation in preschoolers and (b) whether communication of another model performing an efficient action modulates the subsequent reduction of overimitation. In the study, 5-year-olds imitate...
The influence of averageness on judgments of facial attractiveness: no own-age or own-sex advantage among children attending single-sex scho...
We examined how recent biased face experience affects the influence of averageness on judgments of facial attractiveness among 8- and 9-year-old children attending a girls' school, a boys' school, and a mixed-sex school. We presented pairs of individual faces in which one face was transformed 50% to...
Televised relational and physical aggression and children's hostile intent attributions.
An experiment was conducted with 150 children (mean age=10.1years) in third to fifth grades to test whether exposure to different forms of aggression in the media affected hostile attributional biases in response to different forms of provocation scenarios. Children were randomly assigned to watch a...
Deontic and epistemic reasoning in children revisited: comment on Dack and Astington.
Dack and Astington (Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 110 2011 94-114) attempted to replicate the deontic reasoning advantage among preschoolers reported by Cummins (Memory & Cognition 24 1996 823-829) and by Harris and Nuñez (Child Development. 67 1996 572-1591). Dack and Astington argued th...