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Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

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  1. Learning builds on learning: Infants' use of native language sound patterns to learn words.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 126:313 (2014) PMID 24980741

    The current research investigated how infants apply prior knowledge of environmental regularities to support new learning. The experiments tested whether infants could exploit experience with native language (English) phonotactic patterns to facilitate associating sounds with meanings during word le...
  2. Children's strategies in computational estimation
    Author(s) unavailable

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 2012

    We investigated strategies used to estimate answers to addition problems. Two hundred and sixteen participants (72 adults, 72 sixth graders, and 72 fourth graders) had to provide estimates of three-by-three digit addition problems (e.g., 249+743). The choice/no-choice method was used to obtain unbias...
  3. Orthographic learning during reading: examining the role of self-teaching
    Author(s) unavailable

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 2012

    We obtained a substantial correlation (r=.52) between orthographic learning and the number of target homophones correctly decoded during story reading. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that neither RAN tasks nor general cognitive ability predicted variance in orthographic learning...
  4. Remembering versus knowing the past: children's explicit and implicit memories for pictures.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 59(3):549 (1995) PMID 7622992

    Two studies are reported examining children's explicit and implicit memory for pictures, using measures of recognition memory and perceptual facilitation. In Experiment 1, 3-year-olds showed significant implicit memory, as assessed by perceptual facilitation in identifying blurred pictures after a 3...
  5. On estimating processing variance: commentary and reanalysis of Kail's "Developmental functions for speeds of cognitive processes".

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 54(3):288 (1992) PMID 1453134

    We have reanalyzed these results. The corrected values range from 0.9 to 92.1% for the individual tasks with an overall average between 40 and 60%. We suggest that the support for the original conclusions is considerably weaker than reported....
  6. Eliminating selective stimulus control: a comparison of two procedures for teaching mentally retarded children to respond to compound stimul...

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 39(1):55 (1985) PMID 3989462

    Selective stimulus control occurs when behavior fails to come under control of all characteristics of a compound stimulus after discrimination training. Two different assessment procedures, one used in prior research and the other incorporating incorrect stimuli (S - 's) which differ...
  7. The emergence of "groupitizing" in children's numerical cognition.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 126:120 (2014) PMID 24926937

    We examined enumeration speed in a cross-sectional sample of children (N=378), spanning kindergarten through third grade, using arrays of dots. Arrays were either unstructured or grouped by proximity into subsets in the subitizing range (i.e., three subgroups of 1-3 items). Kindergarten children sho...
  8. Contributions of executive function and spatial skills to preschool mathematics achievement.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 126:37 (2014) PMID 24874186 PMCID PMC4107032

    We investigated the influence of executive function (EF) and spatial skills, two generalizable skills often overlooked in mathematics curricula, on mathematics performance in preschoolers. Children (N=44) of varying socioeconomic status (SES) levels were assessed at 3years of age on a new assessment...
  9. Development of planning in 4- to 10-year-old children: reducing inhibitory demands does not improve performance.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 125:85 (2014) PMID 24858446

    We presented 4- to 10-year-old children (N=172) with two planning tasks (sequential planning and advance planning) using the paddle-box apparatus, which was originally designed to investigate the planning skills of nonhuman apes. First, we were interested in the development of children's performance...
  10. The role of social interaction and pedagogical cues for eliciting and reducing overimitation in preschoolers.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 122:122 (2014) PMID 24569041

    We investigated (a) whether communication of a model performing irrelevant actions is necessary to elicit overimitation in preschoolers and (b) whether communication of another model performing an efficient action modulates the subsequent reduction of overimitation. In the study, 5-year-olds imitate...