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Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

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  1. Learning builds on learning: Infants' use of native language sound patterns to learn words.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 126:313 (2014) PMID 24980741

    The current research investigated how infants apply prior knowledge of environmental regularities to support new learning. The experiments tested whether infants could exploit experience with native language (English) phonotactic patterns to facilitate associating sounds with meanings during word le...
  2. Language affects symbolic arithmetic in children: The case of number word inversion.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 119:17 (2014) PMID 24269580

    Specific language influences have been observed in basic numerical tasks such as magnitude comparison, transcoding, and the number line estimation task. However, so far language influences in more complex calculations have not been reported in children. In this translingual study, 7- to 9-year-old G...
  3. Children's strategies in computational estimation
    Author(s) unavailable

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 2012

    We investigated strategies used to estimate answers to addition problems. Two hundred and sixteen participants (72 adults, 72 sixth graders, and 72 fourth graders) had to provide estimates of three-by-three digit addition problems (e.g., 249+743). The choice/no-choice method was used to obtain unbias...
  4. Orthographic learning during reading: examining the role of self-teaching
    Author(s) unavailable

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 2012

    We obtained a substantial correlation (r=.52) between orthographic learning and the number of target homophones correctly decoded during story reading. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that neither RAN tasks nor general cognitive ability predicted variance in orthographic learning...
  5. Remembering versus knowing the past: children's explicit and implicit memories for pictures.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 59(3):549 (1995) PMID 7622992

    Two studies are reported examining children's explicit and implicit memory for pictures, using measures of recognition memory and perceptual facilitation. In Experiment 1, 3-year-olds showed significant implicit memory, as assessed by perceptual facilitation in identifying blurred pictures after a 3...
  6. On estimating processing variance: commentary and reanalysis of Kail's "Developmental functions for speeds of cognitive processes".

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 54(3):288 (1992) PMID 1453134

    We have reanalyzed these results. The corrected values range from 0.9 to 92.1% for the individual tasks with an overall average between 40 and 60%. We suggest that the support for the original conclusions is considerably weaker than reported....
  7. Eliminating selective stimulus control: a comparison of two procedures for teaching mentally retarded children to respond to compound stimul...

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 39(1):55 (1985) PMID 3989462

    Selective stimulus control occurs when behavior fails to come under control of all characteristics of a compound stimulus after discrimination training. Two different assessment procedures, one used in prior research and the other incorporating incorrect stimuli (S - 's) which differ...
  8. Episodic future thinking as a predictor of children's prospective memory.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 127:82 (2014) PMID 24332788

    The primary goal of this study was to investigate the relationship among retrospective memory, episodic future thinking, and event-based prospective memory performance in preschool, first-grade, and second-grade children. A total of 160 children took part in the experiment. The study included partic...
  9. Presentation and production: the role of gesture in spatial communication.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 122:92 (2014) PMID 24549229

    During social interaction, verbal language as well as nonverbal behavior is exchanged between speakers and listeners. One social task that often involves nonverbal behavior is the relaying of spatial direction information. The questions addressed in this study were whether presenting gesture during...
  10. The impact of distracter-target similarity on contextual cueing effects of children and adults.

    Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 121:42 (2014) PMID 24448520

    We compared 20 younger children's (6-7 years old), 20 older children's (9-10 years old), and 20 young adults' (18-21 years old) abilities to acquire contextual cueing effects from displays in which half of the distracters predicted the location of the target and half did not. Across experiments, we...