Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
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Children's strategies in computational estimation
We investigated strategies used to estimate answers to addition problems. Two hundred and sixteen participants (72 adults, 72 sixth graders, and 72 fourth graders) had to provide estimates of three-by-three digit addition problems (e.g., 249+743). The choice/no-choice method was used to obtain unbias...
Orthographic learning during reading: examining the role of self-teaching
We obtained a substantial correlation (r=.52) between orthographic learning and the number of target homophones correctly decoded during story reading. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that neither RAN tasks nor general cognitive ability predicted variance in orthographic learning...
Prenatal Substance Exposure and Child Self-Regulation: Pathways to Risk and Protection
• Cocaine using mothers exhibited more harshness during interactions with their toddlers. • Higher maternal harshness was prospectively associated with lower effortful...
That’s a Good One! Belief in Efficacy of Mnemonic Strategies Contributes to Age-Related Increase in Associative Memory
We tested the development of belief in the efficacy of mnemonic strategies and its influence on associative memory. • Associative memory, belief in the efficacy of mnemonic strategies and strategy use were measured in children, adolescent...
Process dissociation of familiarity and recollection in children: response deadline affects recollection but not familiarity.
According to dual-process theories, recollection (slow and associated with contextual details) and familiarity (fast and automatic) are two independent processes underlying recognition memory. An adapted version of the process dissociation paradigm was used to measure recognition memory in 5-, 7-, a...
The role of rapid naming in reading development and dyslexia in Chinese.
We examined in a series of studies the mechanism that may underlie the relationship between Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) and reading (accuracy and fluency) in Mandarin Chinese. Study 1 examined the "arbitrary" connections hypothesis in a sample of Grade 2 children (N=182). Study 2 contrasted the p...
Adults with siblings like children's faces more than those without.
We do not know whether experience with young children during social development might act to further facilitate this. Here we investigated the potential impact of having siblings on adult likeability judgments of children's faces. In this study, 73 adult men and women (40 with siblings and 33 withou...
Is popularity associated with aggression toward socially preferred or marginalized targets?
We tested two alternative hypotheses with a sample of 224 adolescents (12- and 13-year-olds): (a) whether aggression toward highly disliked peers is associated with popularity (the easy target hypothesis) or (b) whether aggression toward highly liked peers is associated with popularity (the challeng...
The role of social interaction and pedagogical cues for eliciting and reducing overimitation in preschoolers.
We investigated (a) whether communication of a model performing irrelevant actions is necessary to elicit overimitation in preschoolers and (b) whether communication of another model performing an efficient action modulates the subsequent reduction of overimitation. In the study, 5-year-olds imitate...
The influence of averageness on judgments of facial attractiveness: no own-age or own-sex advantage among children attending single-sex scho...
We examined how recent biased face experience affects the influence of averageness on judgments of facial attractiveness among 8- and 9-year-old children attending a girls' school, a boys' school, and a mixed-sex school. We presented pairs of individual faces in which one face was transformed 50% to...