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Branchial cleft cysts, fistulae and appendages.
Gender, race, and electrophysiologic characteristics of the branched recurrent laryngeal nerve.
We hypothesized that racial and gender variations in prevalence of branched RLN exist. A retrospective review of all patients who underwent thyroid surgery in a 4-year period in a single surgeon practice. The RLN was routinely identified during thyroid surgery. Presence of RLN branching, its distanc...
Incidence of second metachronous head and neck cancers: Population-based outcomes over 25 years.
The primary objective was to determine the incidence of second metachronous head and neck cancers (HNC) following an index HNC and estimate their overall survival. Retrospective cohort study. A total of 1,658 consecutive primary HNC patients diagnosed in 1986 to 1990 were identified through the pros...
Posterior cricoarytenoid muscle dynamics in canines and humans.
The posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle is the sole abductor of the glottis and serves important functions during respiration, phonation, cough, and sniff. The present study examines vocal fold abduction dynamics during PCA muscle activation. Basic science study using an in vivo canine model and h...
Risk of superficial squamous cell carcinoma developing in the head and neck region in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
We investigated risk factors for superficial HNSCC in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Case-control study. We studied 71 patients with synchronous or former ESCC. All patients underwent screening of the head and neck by NBI-ME and Lugol chromoe...
Head and neck cancer in transplant recipients.
Although the development of head and neck cancer is a rare side effect of immunosuppression, it still warrants attention. These patients have been found to be less likely to survive >1 year when compared to their nontransplant counterparts. Patients who develop head and neck malignancies following o...
Thyroid cancer characteristics in the population surrounding Three Mile Island.
The TMI population showed a higher proportion of papillary thyroid cancer and less aggressive pathology and earlier diagnosis compared to the rest of Pennsylvania. No statistically significant difference in thyroid cancer incidence was noted. Overall, the study does not show a clear link with more a...
Comparison of various treatment modalities for acute tinnitus.
We evaluated the therapeutic effects of various treatment modalities on acute subjective idiopathic tinnitus (SIT) and investigated prognostic factors affecting the treatment outcome. Prospective, controlled, double-blind trial. A total 107 patients who underwent trea...
Speech processing: from peripheral to hemispheric asymmetry of the auditory system.
Language processing from the cochlea to auditory association cortices shows side-dependent specificities with an apparent left hemispheric dominance. The aim of this article was to propose to nonspeech specialists a didactic review of two complementary theories about hemispheric asym...
In response to Sinonasal surgery in Wegener's granulomatosis: Is it time to go on?