Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

Print ISSN
0030-2465
Electronic ISSN
2219-0635
Impact factor
0.302
Publisher
Proquest
Usage rank
17649
Article count
1747
Free count
1
Free percentage
0.00057241
PDFs via platforms
CSA and Proquest

  1. A retrospective longitudinal study of animal and human rabies in Botswana 1989-2006.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):399 (2009) PMID 21344790

    A longitudinal study of animal and human rabies covering 18 years from 1989 to 2006 was retrospectively conducted in order to highlight the epidemiological features and trends of the disease in Botswana. Over the 18-year period, a total of 4 306 brain specimens collected from various species of ...
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  2. The pathology of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a herd of semi-free-ranging springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis).

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):419 (2009) PMID 21344792

    The first detailed description of the pathology of tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, in springbok is reported. The springbok were part of a semi-free-ranging herd kept on the grounds of iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator Based Science (LABS) in the Kuils River district of the W...
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  3. Comparative histopathology of the lymph nodes, spleen, liver and kidney in experimental ovine trypanosomosis.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):377 (2009) PMID 21344787

    The infection of Yankassa rams with three important trypanosome species affecting livestock, namely, Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax and T. bruceiproduced both acute and chronic fatal conditions. Chronic infections were induced in the three infections by the application of subcurative doses of ...
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  4. Cryptosporidium infection in non-human hosts in Malawi.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):363 (2009) PMID 21344786

    Of 1346 faecal samples from the Chikwawa and Thyolo districts of Malawi, analysed for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts between October 2001 and May 2003, 61.3% were from cattle (29.8% of these were from calves <6 months old). Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected during all three seasons ...
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  5. Molecular monitoring of African swine fever virus using surveys targeted at adult ornithodoros ticks: a re-evaluation of Mkuze game reserve, South Africa.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):385 (2009) PMID 21344788

    The Mkuze Game Reserve (MGR), in north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa is an African swine fever virus (ASF) controlled area. In a survey conducted in 1978, ASF prevalence in warthogs and Ornithodoros ticks in MGR was determined to be 2% and 0.06%, respectively. These values, acknow...
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  6. The Brody effect induced by premature ventricular complexes in the ovine heart.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):443 (2009) PMID 21344793

    The QRS response of the electrocardiogram to bleeding has been a source of interest to the physiologist for more than a century. Studies in the dog, cat and chicken have shown a reduction in QRS amplitude in response to bleeding. This effect has been explained by the so-called Brody effect, in w...
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  7. Responses of serum electrolytes of goats to twelve hours of road transportation during the hot-dry season in Nigeria, and the effect of pretreatment with ascorbic acid.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):409 (2009) PMID 21344791

    Twenty goats which served as the experimental group were administered ascorbic acid (AA) per os at a dosage rate of 100 mg/kg body mass, while 20 others served as controls and were given 10 ml each of sterile water. Forty minutes after the administration and loading, the goats were transported f...
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  8. Traditional remedies used for the treatment of cattle wounds and myiasis in Amatola Basin, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):393 (2009) PMID 21344789

    A questionnaire survey was carried out to document traditional remedies used in the treatment of cattle wounds and myiasis in Amatola Basin. Eighty-three cattle farmers from nine villages were interviewed. The majority of respondents (67.9%) use traditional remedies for treatment of these condit...
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  9. Morphology of the tongue of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). II. Histological features.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):347 (2009) PMID 21344785

    Although a number of brief, fragmented descriptions have been provided on the gross morphology of the ratite tongue, very few studies have documented the histological structure of this organ. This paper presents the first definitive histological description of the emu tongue and reviews, consoli...
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  10. The effect of pyridoxal-5-phosphate on serum alanine aminotransferase activity in dogs suffering from canine babesiosis.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):327 (2009) PMID 21105601

    Accurate measurements of serum aminotransferase (ALT) activity in dogs relies on the endogenous pro-enzyme pyridoxal 5-phosphate (P5P). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the exclusion of P5P from the analytical method causes an underestimation of serum ALT activity in dogs suffe...
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  11. Study on the efficacy and safety of different antigens and oil formulations of infectious coryza vaccines containing an NAD-independent strain of Avibacterium paragallinarum.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):299 (2009) PMID 21105597

    The present study was designed to assess and compare three different formulations of the new Onderstepoort infectious coryza (IC) quadrivalent vaccine, which contain an NAD-independent strain of Avibacterium paragallinarum (previously known as Haemophilus paragallinarum), and a commercial IC vac...
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  12. The effects of low levels of dietary trace minerals on the plasma levels, faecal excretion, health and performance of pigs in a hot African climate.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):291 (2009) PMID 21105596

    The present study was performed in order to evaluate the effects of lower than usual industry levels of dietary trace minerals on plasma levels, faecal excretion, performance, mortality and morbidity in growing-finishing pigs in a hot African climate. Group 1 (n = 100 pigs) received a diet with ...
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  13. Blood platelet counts, morphology and morphometry in lions, Panthera leo.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):317 (2009) PMID 21105599

    Due to logistical problems in obtaining sufficient blood samples from apparently healthy animals in the wild in order to establish normal haematological reference values, only limited information regarding the blood platelet count and morphology of free-living lions (Panthera leo) is available. ...
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  14. Morphology of the tongue of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). I. Gross anatomical features and topography.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):335 (2009) PMID 21105602

    Despite numerous papers addressing the topic, the gross morphology of the ratite tongue and more specifically that of the emu, has been superficially or poorly described. This paper presents the first definitive macroscopic description of the emu tongue and reviews, consolidates and compares the...
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  15. Description and comparison of the pupae of a further two Culicoides (Avaritia) species from the dung of large herbivores in South Africa (Diptera:Ceratopogonidae).

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):277 (2009) PMID 21105594

    In 2007 Nevill, Venter, Meiswinkel & Nevill demonstrated that the pupae of five Culicoides species belonging to the Imicola complex of the subgenus Avaritia could readily be differentiated from one another using various morphological characters. Three of the described species, Culicoides bolitin...
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  16. Identification and partial sequencing of a crocodile poxvirus associated with deeply penetrating skin lesions in farmed Nile crocodiles, Crocodylus niloticus.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):311 (2009) PMID 21105598

    When large numbers of crocodile skins were downgraded because of the presence of small pin prick-like holes, collapsed epidermal cysts were found deep in the dermis of juvenile crocodiles while forming cysts were observed in hatchlings. Histopathology of these forming cysts showed the presence o...
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  17. Species composition and geographic distribution of ticks infesting cattle, goats and dogs in a temperate and in a subtropical region of south-east Africa.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):263 (2009) PMID 21105593

    The species and distribution of ticks infesting cattle, goats and dogs in the eastern region of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa and Maputo Province, Mozambique were determined from collections made from these animals at 72 localities in the former region and 30 in the latter. Eleven ixod...
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  18. Detection of natural Trypanosoma vivax infections in pigs with microhaematocrit centrifugation and amplification of ITS1 rDNA.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):285 (2009) PMID 21105595

    Different species of trypanosomes may infect their mammalian hosts both singly or in combination. This study was undertaken to determine the trypanosome species that may be afflicting pigs in Uganda. Blood was collected from pigs of all ages and sexes from two districts, Kasese in Western and Ji...
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  19. Prevalence of bovine cysticercosis and hydatidosis in Jimma municipal abattoir, South West Ethiopia.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):323 (2009) PMID 21105600

    A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of bovine cysticercosis and hydatidosis was conducted from October 2007 to March 2008 in cattle slaughtered at the Jimma municipal abattoir. Cyst distribution and viability of bovine cysticercosis and hydatidosis were also determined. A total o...
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  20. Seroprevalence of Cryptosporidium parvum infection of dairy cows in three northern provinces of Thailand determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant antigen CpP23.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(2):161 (2009) PMID 20698436

    Cryptosporidium parvum is the most frequent parasitic agent that causes diarrhoea in AIDS patients in Thailand. Cryptosporidiosis outbreaks in humans may be attributed to contamination of their drinking water from infected dairy pastures. A 23-kDa glycoprotein of C. parvum (CpP23) is a sporozoit...
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