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Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

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  1. A retrospective longitudinal study of animal and human rabies in Botswana 1989-2006.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):399 (2009) PMID 21344790

    A longitudinal study of animal and human rabies covering 18 years from 1989 to 2006 was retrospectively conducted in order to highlight the epidemiological features and trends of the disease in Botswana. Over the 18-year period, a total of 4 306 brain specimens collected from various species of ...
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  2. The pathology of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a herd of semi-free-ranging springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis).

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):419 (2009) PMID 21344792

    The first detailed description of the pathology of tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, in springbok is reported. The springbok were part of a semi-free-ranging herd kept on the grounds of iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator Based Science (LABS) in the Kuils River district of the W...
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  3. Comparative histopathology of the lymph nodes, spleen, liver and kidney in experimental ovine trypanosomosis.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):377 (2009) PMID 21344787

    The infection of Yankassa rams with three important trypanosome species affecting livestock, namely, Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax and T. bruceiproduced both acute and chronic fatal conditions. Chronic infections were induced in the three infections by the application of subcurative doses of ...
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  4. Cryptosporidium infection in non-human hosts in Malawi.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):363 (2009) PMID 21344786

    Of 1346 faecal samples from the Chikwawa and Thyolo districts of Malawi, analysed for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts between October 2001 and May 2003, 61.3% were from cattle (29.8% of these were from calves <6 months old). Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected during all three seasons ...
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  5. Molecular monitoring of African swine fever virus using surveys targeted at adult ornithodoros ticks: a re-evaluation of Mkuze game reserve, South Africa.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):385 (2009) PMID 21344788

    The Mkuze Game Reserve (MGR), in north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa is an African swine fever virus (ASF) controlled area. In a survey conducted in 1978, ASF prevalence in warthogs and Ornithodoros ticks in MGR was determined to be 2% and 0.06%, respectively. These values, acknow...
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  6. The Brody effect induced by premature ventricular complexes in the ovine heart.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):443 (2009) PMID 21344793

    The QRS response of the electrocardiogram to bleeding has been a source of interest to the physiologist for more than a century. Studies in the dog, cat and chicken have shown a reduction in QRS amplitude in response to bleeding. This effect has been explained by the so-called Brody effect, in w...
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  7. Responses of serum electrolytes of goats to twelve hours of road transportation during the hot-dry season in Nigeria, and the effect of pretreatment with ascorbic acid.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):409 (2009) PMID 21344791

    Twenty goats which served as the experimental group were administered ascorbic acid (AA) per os at a dosage rate of 100 mg/kg body mass, while 20 others served as controls and were given 10 ml each of sterile water. Forty minutes after the administration and loading, the goats were transported f...
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  8. Traditional remedies used for the treatment of cattle wounds and myiasis in Amatola Basin, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):393 (2009) PMID 21344789

    A questionnaire survey was carried out to document traditional remedies used in the treatment of cattle wounds and myiasis in Amatola Basin. Eighty-three cattle farmers from nine villages were interviewed. The majority of respondents (67.9%) use traditional remedies for treatment of these condit...
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  9. Morphology of the tongue of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). II. Histological features.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(4):347 (2009) PMID 21344785

    Although a number of brief, fragmented descriptions have been provided on the gross morphology of the ratite tongue, very few studies have documented the histological structure of this organ. This paper presents the first definitive histological description of the emu tongue and reviews, consoli...
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  10. The effect of pyridoxal-5-phosphate on serum alanine aminotransferase activity in dogs suffering from canine babesiosis.

    Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 76(3):327 (2009) PMID 21105601

    Accurate measurements of serum aminotransferase (ALT) activity in dogs relies on the endogenous pro-enzyme pyridoxal 5-phosphate (P5P). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the exclusion of P5P from the analytical method causes an underestimation of serum ALT activity in dogs suffe...
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