Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
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Pediatric lingual and other intraoral lesions.
This article explores pediatric lingual and other intraoral lesions. First the embryology and anatomy of the oral anatomy is outlined. Then the article discusses infections and inflammatory diseases, congenital malformations, benign neoplasms, and malignant tumors. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Al...
Thyroglossal duct cyst and ectopic thyroid: surgical management.
The embryology, presentation, imaging, and treatment of the thyroglossal duct cyst will be reviewed. Anatomic features and surgical technique to prevent complications and recurrence will be discussed. Included in the discussion will be the management of thyroglossal duct cyst malignancy and ectopic...
Pediatric inflammatory adenopathy.
The differential diagnosis in pediatric lymphadenopathy includes bacterial, viral, fungal, and idiopathic causes. A systematic approach to patient evaluation is necessary because the differential diagnosis, presentation, and work up must consider infectious, immunologic, neoplastic, and idiopathic d...
Contemporary concepts in management of acute otitis media in children.
Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common disease of childhood. AOM is most appropriately diagnosed by careful otoscopy with an understanding of clinical signs and symptoms. The distinction between AOM and chronic otitis media with effusion should be emphasized. Treatment should include pain management,...
Causes of dysphagia among different age groups: a systematic review of the literature.
Dysphagia is a common problem that has the potential to result in severe complications such as malnutrition and aspiration pneumonia. Based on the complexity of swallowing, there may be many different causes. This article presents a systematic literature review to assess different comorbid disease a...
The role of systemic treatment before, during, and after definitive treatment.
In locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, outcomes using single-modality therapy are usually poor. Although chemotherapy alone is not considered a curative therapy, the addition of chemotherapy to other modalities can lead to improved outcomes. Discussed here is the use of c...
Anesthesia for office procedures.
The purpose of this article is to provide otolaryngologists with specific instructions on how to adequately perform topical anesthesia for the most commonly performed laryngeal office-based procedures. In this article, patient selection, lidocaine dosing and safety, and patient monitoring are review...
Laryngoscopy, stroboscopy and other tools for the evaluation of voice disorders.
This article discusses and analyzes the diagnosis and management of voice disorders. Beginning with an insightful description of dysphonia as a sign and symptom rather than diagnosis, and an analysis of its unifying principles, the discussion continues with a review of evaluation, laryngoscopy, stro...
Imaging evaluation of the parapharyngeal space.
The authors present imaging anatomy of the parapharyngeal space. Imaging approach is discussed in terms of the effect it has on differential diagnosis and diagnosis by the otolaryngologist. Neoplastic and congenital lesions are discussed along with other neck diseases occurring in this space. Copyri...
Allergic fungal sinusitis in children.
I hypersensitivity, nasal polyposis, characteristic computed tomography scan findings, eosinophilic mucus, and the presence of fungus on surgical specimens without evidence of tissue invasion. This refractory subtype of CRS is of the great interest in the pediatric population, given the relatively e...