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In Vitro BACE1 Inhibitory Activity of Geraniin and Corilagin from Geranium thunbergii.
Generation of amyloid β peptide through the proteolytic process of amyloid precursor protein by β-secretase and γ-secretase is a main casual factor of Alzheimer's disease, since amyloid β peptide is a major and crucial component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease brains. In the process of sear...
The Photoprotective and Antioxidative Properties of Luteolin are Synergistically Augmented by Tocopherol and Ubiquinone.
Ultraviolet radiation induces DNA damage and oxidative stress which can result in skin inflammation, photoaging, and photocarcinogenesis. The flavonoid luteolin that is present in high amounts in the dyers weld, Reseda luteola, is one of the most potent antioxidative plant metabolites and also has u...
New Diterpenes from a Godavari Mangrove, Ceriops decandra.
Eleven new diterpenes, named decandrins A-K (1-11), including nine abietanes (1-9) and two podocarpanes (10-11), were isolated from the barks of an Indian mangrove, Ceriops decandra, collected in the mangrove swamp of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh, together with four known abietanes. The structur...
Isolation and Identification of Constituents with Activity of Inhibiting Nitric Oxide Production in Raw 264.7 Macrophages from Gentiana trif...
Gentiana triflora is widely used to treat inflammation, jaundice, hepatitis, and rheumatism. In this study, three new compounds, including a benzo seven-membered ring compound, gentioxepine (1), two secoiridoid glucosides, (1S,5R,9R)-deglucosyltrifloroside (2) and (1S,5R,9R)-scabraside (3), together...
New Antibacterial Germacrene from Verbesina negrensis.
Several health benefits have been attributed to members of the Verbesina genus, including promotion of urinary and gastrointestinal health. Verbesina species are also reported to exhibit antibacterial, antiparasitic, and antioxidant activities. Although members of the Verbesina genus produce various...
Effects of baicalin on airway remodeling in asthmatic mice.
We investigate the influence of baicalin on asthmatic airway remodeling and the mechanism underlining the anti-remodeling effect in vivo.Asthmatic airway remodeling mice model was established by ovalbumin exposure. Seventy female BALB/c mice were randomly assigned to seven experimental groups: blank...
Chalcones from the Flowers of Coreopsis lanceolata and Their In Vitro Antioxidative Activity.
Three new chalcones, 3,2'-dihydroxy-4,3'-dimethoxychalcone-4'-glucoside (1), 4'-O-(2'''-O-caffeoyl)2',3',3,4-tetrahydroxychalcone (2), and 2',4',3-trihydroxy-3',4-dimethoxychalcone (3), along with five known phenolics, were isolated from Coreopsis lanceolata flowers. The structures of the new compoun...
Cytotoxic dihydrothiophene-condensed chromones from marine-derived fungus Penicillium oxalicum.
Two new dihydrothiophene-condensed chromones and a new natural chromone, namely oxalicumones A-C (1-3), respectively, were isolated from a culture broth of a marine-derived fungus Penicillium oxalicum SCSGAF 0023, Meripilaceae family. The structures of 1-3 and acetylated derivatives of 1 (4-7) were...
Leishmanicidal compounds from the fruits of Piper longum.
One new alkaloid amide, piperlongumide (1) [N-isobutyl-19-(3',4'-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2E,4E nonadecadienamide], and six known compounds with leishmanicidal activity against promastigotes and axenic amastigotes of Leishmania donovani were isolated from the n-hexane fraction of the fr...
Simultaneous determination of the absolute configuration of twelve monosaccharide enantiomers from natural products in a single injection by...
In natural product chemistry, it is often crucial to determine sugar composition as well as the absolute configuration of each monosaccharide in glycosides. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography method using both photodiode array (PDA) and mass spectrometry detectors (UPLC-UV/MS...