Survey of Ophthalmology
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Prenatal determinants of optic nerve hypoplasia: Review of suggested correlates and future focus.
Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH), a congenital malformation characterized by an underdeveloped optic nerve, is a seemingly epidemic cause of childhood blindness and visual impairment with associated lifelong morbidity. Although the prenatal determinants of ONH are unknown, early case reports have led to...
High-risk populations for vision loss and eye care underutilization: a review of the literature and ideas on moving forward.
We review the existing literature on utilization in high-risk populations to provide a context for understanding what "high-risk" means, to understand the utilization patterns among high-risk populations, and to highlight barriers to appropriate eye care utilization. We also discuss potential approa...
Whatever happened to the EENT specialists?
As specialization in surgery grew in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, practices that combined ophthalmology with otolaryngology were common in the United States. When the knowledge base and technical skills for each of these fields grew and diverged, these practices became rarer. Their end wa...
Paraneoplastic vitelliform retinopathy: clinicopathologic correlation and review of the literature.
We describe an 80-year-old man with metastatic cutaneous melanoma who developed paraneoplastic vitelliform retinopathy. For the first time, histopathology from enucleation specimens provides a clinicopathologic disease correlation with focal abnormalities in the inner nuclear and outer plexiform lay...
Giant dacryocystomucopyocele in an adult: a review of lacrimal sac enlargements with clinical and histopathologic differential diagnoses.
We describe a 95-year-old woman with an acquired, enormous dacryocystomucopyocele, larger than any previously reported, that developed over 25 years and produced globe displacement with an associated conspicuous enlargement of the nasolacrimal duct. The aspirated sac fluid was mucopurulent and harbo...
Table of Contents
Advantages and limitations of small gauge vitrectomy.
Small gauge vitrectomy utilizing 23- and 25-gauge instrumentation has definite advantages, but also limitations, due to the physics of smaller instruments and sutureless surgery. Higher infusion and aspiration pressures are needed to remove the vitreous using 23- and 25-gauge probes....
The Veterinary Oculist: Eight Case Studies
A review of bypass tubes for proximal lacrimal drainage obstruction.
We review the range of available lacrimal bypass tubes, indications for their use, and surgical techniques for their insertion and focus on improving success rates and minimising short and long-term complications. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved....