Memory & Cognition
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Dimensional transformation in tests of spatial and environmental cognition.
In previous research, it has been argued that spatial performance on psychometric tests might be accounted for, in part, by the need for test-takers to transform mentally two-dimensional (2-D) test items into a three-dimensional (3-D) representation. With this in mind, the Landscape Perception Test...
Effects of working memory training in young and old adults.
We investigated whether four weeks of intensive working memory training would enhance working memory and reasoning performance in an age-comparative setting. Groups of 34 young (19-36 years) and 27 older (62-77 years) adults practiced tasks representing the three functional categories in the facet m...
Major memory for microblogs.
We readily generate, we also readily store. In the first two experiments, participants' memory for Facebook posts was found to be strikingly stronger than their memory for human faces or sentences from books-a magnitude comparable to the difference in memory strength between amnesics and healthy con...
Conditional recall and the frequency effect in the serial recall task: an examination of item-to-item associativity.
The frequency effect in short-term serial recall is influenced by the composition of lists. In pure lists, a robust advantage in the recall of high-frequency (HF) words is observed, yet in alternating mixed lists, HF and low-frequency (LF) words are recalled equally well. It has been argued that the...
A deeper analysis of the spacing effect after "deep" encoding.
We demonstrated in Experiment 1 that the borrowing effect does not occur in the story mnemonic. However, the rates of rehearsal of individual items provided a good prediction of their subsequent recall rates, with spaced items being rehearsed more often in both mixed and pure lists. In experiment 2,...
Are judgments of learning made after correct responses during retrieval practice sensitive to lag and criterion level effects?
Although successful retrieval practice is beneficial for memory, various factors (e.g., lag and criterion level) moderate this benefit. Accordingly, the efficacy of retrieval practice depends on how students use retrieval practice during learning, which in turn depends on accurate metacognitive moni...
Production benefits both recollection and familiarity.
We investigated the roles of recollection and familiarity in the production effect--the finding that words read aloud are remembered better than words read silently. Experiment 1, using the remember/know procedure, and Experiment 2, using the receiver operating characteristic procedure, converged in...
Sensitivity and salience of form-function correlations of objects: evidence from feature tasks.
Our data underline the overall importance of function information to object representations and the impact of the statistical co-occurrence of features when processing object features....
The nature of the visual environment induces implicit biases during language-mediated visual search.
Four eyetracking experiments examined whether semantic and visual-shape representations are routinely retrieved from printed word displays and used during language-mediated visual search. Participants listened to sentences containing target words that were similar semantically or in shape to concept...
Predicting memory performance under conditions of proactive interference: immediate and delayed judgments of learning.
These results show that delayed JOLs enhance monitoring accuracy in PI situations, except when intrusions are mistaken for target responses....