Brain and Language
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- Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, Ingenta, CSA, and Sciencedirect from 1974
The neural changes in connectivity of the voice network during voice pitch perturbation.
Voice control is critical to communication. To date, studies have used behavioral, electrophysiological and functional data to investigate the neural correlates of voice control using perturbation tasks, but have yet to examine the interactions of these neural regions. The goal of this study was to...
A re-examination of neural basis of language processing: proposal of a dynamic hodotopical model from data provided by brain stimulation map...
We re-examine the neural basis of language. We studied structural-functional relationships by correlating the types of language disturbances generated by stimulation in awake patients, mimicking a transient virtual lesion both at cortical and subcortical levels (white matter and deep grey nuclei), w...
The contribution of the cerebellum to speech and language.
The SpeechEasy device in stuttering and nonstuttering adults: Fluency effects while speaking and reading.
The SpeechEasy is an electronic device designed to alleviate stuttering by manipulating auditory feedback via time delays and frequency shifts. Device settings (control, default, custom), ear-placement (left, right), speaking task, and cognitive variables were examined in people who stutter (PWS) (n...
Semantic memory retrieval circuit: Role of pre-SMA, caudate, and thalamus.
We propose that pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA)-thalamic interactions govern processes fundamental to semantic retrieval of an integrated object memory. At the onset of semantic retrieval, pre-SMA initiates electrical interactions between multiple cortical regions associated with semantic mem...
The relationship between phonological and auditory processing and brain organization in beginning readers.
We employed brain-behavior analyses to explore the relationship between performance on tasks measuring phonological awareness, pseudoword decoding, and rapid auditory processing (all predictors of reading (dis)ability) and brain organization for print and speech in beginning readers. For print-relat...
Distinguishing grammatical constructions with fMRI pattern analysis.
We report the first fMRI data that distinguish such closely related, abstract grammatical patterns. Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) proved capable of discriminating at above-chance levels between activity patterns arising during reading of dative and ditransitive sentences. Region-of-interest an...
Semantic processing in native and second language: Evidence from hemispheric differences in fine and coarse semantic coding.
Previous studies suggest that whereas the left hemisphere (LH) is involved in fine semantic processing, the right hemisphere (RH) is uniquely engaged in coarse semantic coding including the comprehension of distinct types of language such as figurative language, lexical ambiguity and verbal humor (e...
Where the brain appreciates the final state of an event: the neural correlates of telicity.
We investigated whether the human brain distinguishes between telic events that necessarily entail a specified endpoint (e.g., reaching), and atelic events with no delimitation or final state (e.g., chasing). We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore the patterns of neural response as...
Attention and semantic processing during speech: an fMRI study.
This fMRI study was conducted to investigate whether language semantics is processed even when attention is not explicitly directed to word meanings. In the "unattended" condition, the subjects performed a visual detection task while hearing semantically related and unrelated word pairs. In the "pho...