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Brain and Language

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Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, Ingenta, CSA, and Sciencedirect from 1974

  1. Differential effects of deep brain stimulation on verbal fluency.

    Brain and Language 134:23 (2014) PMID 24815947

    We aimed at gaining insights into principles of subcortical lexical processing. Therefore, effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in different target structures on verbal fluency (VF) were tested. VF was assessed with active vs. inactivated DBS in 13 and 14 patients with DBS in the vicinity of the...
  2. Human speech- and reading-related genes display partially overlapping expression patterns in the marmoset brain.

    Brain and Language 133:26 (2014) PMID 24769279

    We used a non-human primate (common marmoset; Callithrix jacchus) as a biological model of the human brain to investigate expression patterns of human speech- and reading-related genes. Expression patterns of speech disorder- (FoxP2, FoxP1, CNTNAP2, and CMIP) and dyslexia- (ROBO1, DCDC2, and KIAA031...
  3. Semantic memory: distinct neural representations for abstractness and valence.

    Brain and Language 130:1 (2014) PMID 24561187 PMCID PMC3998709

    We tested this hypothesis by presenting participants with words that were abstract/concrete, as well as emotionally valenced/neutral in a 2×2 factorial design. Activations to emotional words overlapped with both abstract and concrete activations throughout the brain. An ROI analysis revealed that th...
  4. Abnormal functioning of the left temporal lobe in language-impaired children.

    Brain and Language 130:11 (2014) PMID 24568877

    We followed the spatiotemporal course of cortical activation in SLI using magnetoencephalography. In the experiment, children with normal and impaired language development heard spoken real words and pseudowords presented only once or two times in a row. In typically developing children, the activat...
  5. Vertical line quadrisection: "what" it represents and who gets the upper hand.

    Brain and Language 127(2):284 (2013) PMID 23260995

    These results are consistent with the hypothesis that activation of the ventral stream by a task that requires focal allocentric attention can induce an upward vertical bias that is greater than the upward bias observed with allocentric line bisection, a task that requires more global attention. Cop...
  6. The activation of modality-specific representations during discourse processing.

    Brain and Language 126(3):338 (2013) PMID 23933473

    We assessed whether modality-specific imagery occurs during naturalistic, discourse comprehension. We identified clauses in the texts that elicited auditory, motor, or visual imagery. In both studies, reading motor imagery clauses was associated with increases in activity in left postcentral and pre...
  7. Effects of rhyme and spelling patterns on auditory word ERPs depend on selective attention to phonology.

    Brain and Language 124(3):238 (2013) PMID 23395712

    ERP responses to spoken words are sensitive to both rhyming effects and effects of associated spelling patterns. Are such effects automatically elicited by spoken words or dependent on selectively attending to phonology? To address this question, ERP responses to spoken word pairs were investigated...
  8. Age, sex, and verbal abilities affect location of linguistic connectivity in ventral visual pathway.

    Brain and Language 124(2):184 (2013) PMID 23376366 PMCID PMC3572208

    Previous studies have shown that the strength of connectivity between regions can vary depending upon the cognitive demands of a task. In this study, the location of task-dependent connectivity from the primary visual cortex (V1) was examined in 43 children (ages 9-15) performing visual tasks; conne...
  9. Emotional language processing: how mood affects integration processes during discourse comprehension.

    Brain and Language 122(3):199 (2012) PMID 22325258

    This research tests whether mood affects semantic processing during discourse comprehension by facilitating integration of information congruent with moods' valence. Participants in happy, sad, or neutral moods listened to stories with positive or negative endings during EEG recording. N400 peak amp...
  10. Behavioral and fMRI evidence that cognitive ability modulates the effect of semantic context on speech intelligibility.

    Brain and Language 122(2):103 (2012) PMID 22728131

    Text cues facilitate the perception of spoken sentences to which they are semantically related (Zekveld, Rudner, et al., 2011). In this study, semantically related and unrelated cues preceding sentences evoked more activation in middle temporal gyrus (MTG) and inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) than nonwo...