Brain and Language
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- Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, Ingenta, CSA, and Sciencedirect from 1974
The cerebellum: its role in language and related cognitive and affective functions.
The traditional view on the cerebellum as the sole coordinator of motor function has been substantially redefined during the past decades. Neuroanatomical, neuroimaging and clinical studies have extended the role of the cerebellum to the modulation of cognitive and affective processing. Neuroanatomi...
Word-specific repetition effects revealed by MEG and the implications for lexical access.
We identified two candidate evoked responses that could reflect this processing stage: the occipitotemporal N170/M170 and the frontocentral P2. Using a repetition priming paradigm in which long and variable lags were used to reduce the predictability of each repetition, we found that (i) repetition...
Vertical line quadrisection: "what" it represents and who gets the upper hand.
These results are consistent with the hypothesis that activation of the ventral stream by a task that requires focal allocentric attention can induce an upward vertical bias that is greater than the upward bias observed with allocentric line bisection, a task that requires more global attention. Cop...
FOXP2 variation modulates functional hemispheric asymmetries for speech perception.
We used a dichotic listening and a visual half-field task in a sample of 456 healthy adults. The FOXP2 SNPs rs2396753 and rs12533005 were found to be significantly associated with the distribution of correct answers on the dichotic listening task. These results show that variation in FOXP2 may contr...
Language comprehension interrupted: both language errors and word degradation activate Broca's area.
We were interested whether comprehension difficulties caused by degradation would activate cognitive control mechanisms in the same manner as other language violations. To localize cognitive control processes participants performed a Stroop task. Both the violations and the visual degradation condit...
Mapping the reading circuitry for skilled deaf readers: An fMRI study of semantic and phonological processing.
We examined word-level reading circuits in skilled deaf readers whose primary language is American Sign Language, and hearing readers matched for reading ability (college level). During fMRI scanning, participants performed a semantic decision (concrete concept?), a phonological decision (two syllab...
Motor excitability during visual perception of known and unknown spoken languages.
We investigated the specificity of this enhanced motor excitability in native and non-native speakers of English. Both groups were able to discriminate between speech movements related to a known (i.e., English) and unknown (i.e., Hebrew) language. The motor excitability was higher during observatio...
Time-constrained functional connectivity analysis of cortical networks underlying phonological decoding in typically developing school-aged ...
The study investigated functional associations between left hemisphere occipitotemporal, temporoparietal, and inferior frontal regions during oral pseudoword reading in 58 school-aged children with typical reading skills (aged 10.4±1.6, range 7.5-12.5years). Event-related neuromagnetic data were use...
Age, sex, and verbal abilities affect location of linguistic connectivity in ventral visual pathway.
Previous studies have shown that the strength of connectivity between regions can vary depending upon the cognitive demands of a task. In this study, the location of task-dependent connectivity from the primary visual cortex (V1) was examined in 43 children (ages 9-15) performing visual tasks; conne...
Mouse vocal communication system: are ultrasounds learned or innate?
We discuss the available data to assess whether male mouse song behavior and the supporting brain circuits resemble those of known vocal non-learning or vocal learning species. Recent neurobiology studies have demonstrated that the mouse USV brain system includes motor cortex and striatal regions, a...