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Brain and Language

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Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, Ingenta, CSA, and Sciencedirect from 1974

  1. Semantic memory: Distinct neural representations for abstractness and valence.

    Brain and Language 130:1 (2014) PMID 24561187

    We tested this hypothesis by presenting participants with words that were abstract/concrete, as well as emotionally valenced/neutral in a 2×2 factorial design. Activations to emotional words overlapped with both abstract and concrete activations throughout the brain. An ROI analysis revealed that th...
  2. The contribution of the cerebellum to speech and language.

    Brain and Language 127(3):315 (2013) PMID 24267486

  3. The SpeechEasy device in stuttering and nonstuttering adults: Fluency effects while speaking and reading.

    Brain and Language 126(2):141 (2013) PMID 23712191

    The SpeechEasy is an electronic device designed to alleviate stuttering by manipulating auditory feedback via time delays and frequency shifts. Device settings (control, default, custom), ear-placement (left, right), speaking task, and cognitive variables were examined in people who stutter (PWS) (n...
  4. Semantic memory retrieval circuit: Role of pre-SMA, caudate, and thalamus.

    Brain and Language 126(1):89 (2013) PMID 22964132

    We propose that pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA)-thalamic interactions govern processes fundamental to semantic retrieval of an integrated object memory. At the onset of semantic retrieval, pre-SMA initiates electrical interactions between multiple cortical regions associated with semantic mem...
  5. Distinguishing grammatical constructions with fMRI pattern analysis.

    Brain and Language 123(3):174 (2012) PMID 23010489

    We report the first fMRI data that distinguish such closely related, abstract grammatical patterns. Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) proved capable of discriminating at above-chance levels between activity patterns arising during reading of dative and ditransitive sentences. Region-of-interest an...
  6. Semantic processing in native and second language: Evidence from hemispheric differences in fine and coarse semantic coding.

    Brain and Language 123(3):228 (2012) PMID 23098917

    Previous studies suggest that whereas the left hemisphere (LH) is involved in fine semantic processing, the right hemisphere (RH) is uniquely engaged in coarse semantic coding including the comprehension of distinct types of language such as figurative language, lexical ambiguity and verbal humor (e...
  7. Where the brain appreciates the final state of an event: the neural correlates of telicity.

    Brain and Language 123(1):68 (2012) PMID 22819309

    We investigated whether the human brain distinguishes between telic events that necessarily entail a specified endpoint (e.g., reaching), and atelic events with no delimitation or final state (e.g., chasing). We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore the patterns of neural response as...
  8. Attention and semantic processing during speech: an fMRI study.

    Brain and Language 122(2):114 (2012) PMID 22672735

    This fMRI study was conducted to investigate whether language semantics is processed even when attention is not explicitly directed to word meanings. In the "unattended" condition, the subjects performed a visual detection task while hearing semantically related and unrelated word pairs. In the "pho...
  9. Individual differences in skilled adult readers reveal dissociable patterns of neural activity associated with component processes of readin...

    Brain and Language 120(3):360 (2012) PMID 22281240

    We used fMRI to examine patterns of brain activity associated with component processes of visual word recognition and their relationships to individual differences in reading skill. We manipulated both the judgments adults made on written stimuli and the characteristics of the stimuli. Phonological...
  10. Task effects in the mid-fusiform gyrus: A comparison of orthographic, phonological, and semantic processing of Chinese characters

    Brain and Language 115(2):8 (2010) PMID 20817279

    The left mid-fusiform gyrus is repeatedly reported to be involved in visual word processing. Nevertheless, it is controversial whether this area responds to orthographic processing of reading. To examine this idea, neural activity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging in the prese...