Brain and Language
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- Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, Ingenta, CSA, and Sciencedirect from 1974
Combining language and space: sentence bisection in unilateral spatial neglect.
We investigated the role of linguistic factors in sentence bisection, in patients with and without neglect, and control participants. The effects of information in the right-sided part of the sentence (Experiment #1), and of lexical and syntactic violations (Experiment #2) were assessed. Neglect pat...
Age-related differences in effective connectivity of brain regions involved in Japanese kanji processing with homophone judgment task.
We employed functional magnetic resonance imaging and dynamic causal modeling to examine age-related influences on left-hemispheric kanji reading networks. During a homophone judgment task, activation in the middle frontal gyrus, and dorsal and ventral inferior frontal gyri were identified, represen...
Age of language learning shapes brain structure: a cortical thickness study of bilingual and monolingual individuals.
We examined the effects of learning a second language (L2) on brain structure. Cortical thickness was measured in the MRI datasets of 22 monolinguals and 66 bilinguals. Some bilingual subjects had learned both languages simultaneously (0-3 years) while some had learned their L2 after achieving profi...
Language aptitude for pronunciation in advanced second language (L2) learners: behavioural predictors and neural substrates.
Our behavioural results showed that phonetic coding ability and empathy, but not phonological working memory, predict L2 pronunciation aptitude in advanced learners. Second, functional neuroimaging revealed this behavioural trait to be correlated with hemodynamic responses of the cerebral network of...
ERP evidence for conceptual mappings and comparison processes during the comprehension of conventional and novel metaphors.
We tested whether mappings are indeed in use during metaphor comprehension, and what mapping means as a cognitive process with Event-Related Potentials. Participants read literal, conventional metaphorical, novel metaphorical, and anomalous target sentences preceded by primes with related or unrelat...
Do temporal processes underlie left hemisphere dominance in speech perception?
We explore the history of this claim and assess the weight of this assumption. We will demonstrate that instead of a supposed sensitivity of the left temporal lobe for the acoustic properties of speech, it is the right temporal lobe which shows a marked preference for certain properties of sounds, f...
Anatomy of the visual word form area: adjacent cortical circuits and long-range white matter connections.
We analyze the circuitry within a specific ventral-occipital region, the visual word form area (VWFA). The VWFA is immediately adjacent to the retinotopically organized VO-1 and VO-2 visual field maps and lies medial and inferior to visual field maps within motion selective human cortex. Three disti...
Manipulating instructions strategically affects reliance on the ventral-lexical reading stream: converging evidence from neuroimaging and re...
We examined Instructions: name all vs. name words (based on spelling), Word Type: regular words vs. exception words, and Word Frequency (WF) in print (log10 HAL WF) in an experiment while measuring fMRI BOLD and overt naming reaction time (RT) simultaneously. Instructions to name words increased ove...
The speakers' accent shapes the listeners' phonological predictions during speech perception.
We measured word-evoked ERPs in Catalan speakers listening to semantically constraining sentences produced in their native regional accent (experiment 1) or in a non-native accent (experiment 2). Semantically anomalous words produced long-lasting negative shift (N400) starting as early as 250 ms, th...
Elicitation of specific syntactic structures in primary progressive aphasia.
We used an elicited syntactic production task to identify which syntactic structures pose difficulties for 31 patients with three variants of PPA: non-fluent/agrammatic, semantic and logopenic. Neurodegenerative and healthy age-matched participants were included as controls. As expected, non-fluent/...