Brain and Language
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- Proquest, Gale, Rcgp, Ingenta, CSA, and Sciencedirect from 1974
Speed discrimination predicts word but not pseudo-word reading rate in adults and children.
We measured reading rate, speed-discrimination, and contrast detection thresholds in adults and children with a wide range of reading abilities. We found that speed discrimination thresholds are higher in children than in adults and are correlated with age. Speed discrimination thresholds are also c...
Exploring the multiple-level hypothesis of AoA effects in spoken and written object naming using a topographic ERP analysis.
We tested the multiple-loci hypothesis of age-of-acquisition effects in both spoken and handwritten object naming using Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) and spatiotemporal segmentation analysis. Participants had to say aloud or write down picture names that varied on frequency trajectory (age-of-acqu...
The role of language in multi-dimensional categorization: evidence from transcranial direct current stimulation and exposure to verbal label...
We examined the role of verbal labels in categorization by (1) using transcranial direct current stimulation over Wernicke's area (2) providing explicit verbal labels during a category learning task. We trained participants on a novel perceptual categorization task in which categories could be disti...
Neurophysiology of spectrotemporal cue organization of spoken language in auditory memory.
We examined the neurophysiological basis of FRT and ART weighting in the /ba/-/wa/ contrast. Electroencephalography was recorded for thirteen adult English speakers during a mismatch negativity (MMN) design using synthetic stimuli: a /ba/ with /ba/-like FRT and ART; a /wa/ with /wa/-like FRT and ART...
Vertical line quadrisection: "what" it represents and who gets the upper hand.
These results are consistent with the hypothesis that activation of the ventral stream by a task that requires focal allocentric attention can induce an upward vertical bias that is greater than the upward bias observed with allocentric line bisection, a task that requires more global attention. Cop...
Effects of rhyme and spelling patterns on auditory word ERPs depend on selective attention to phonology.
ERP responses to spoken words are sensitive to both rhyming effects and effects of associated spelling patterns. Are such effects automatically elicited by spoken words or dependent on selectively attending to phonology? To address this question, ERP responses to spoken word pairs were investigated...
Age, sex, and verbal abilities affect location of linguistic connectivity in ventral visual pathway.
Previous studies have shown that the strength of connectivity between regions can vary depending upon the cognitive demands of a task. In this study, the location of task-dependent connectivity from the primary visual cortex (V1) was examined in 43 children (ages 9-15) performing visual tasks; conne...
Emotional language processing: how mood affects integration processes during discourse comprehension.
This research tests whether mood affects semantic processing during discourse comprehension by facilitating integration of information congruent with moods' valence. Participants in happy, sad, or neutral moods listened to stories with positive or negative endings during EEG recording. N400 peak amp...
Behavioral and fMRI evidence that cognitive ability modulates the effect of semantic context on speech intelligibility.
Text cues facilitate the perception of spoken sentences to which they are semantically related (Zekveld, Rudner, et al., 2011). In this study, semantically related and unrelated cues preceding sentences evoked more activation in middle temporal gyrus (MTG) and inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) than nonwo...
Parametric effects of syntactic-semantic conflict in Broca's area during sentence processing.
We examined this issue by manipulating syntactic structure and conflict between syntactic and semantic cues in a sentence processing task. Functional neuroimaging revealed that activation within several Broca's area regions of interest reflected the parametric variation in syntactic-semantic conflic...