Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
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Hot-air balloon tours: crash epidemiology in the United States, 2000-2011.
Hot-air balloon tours are FAR Part 91-governed balloon rides conducted for compensation or hire. Part 91, General Aviation, in general involves the least strict federal regulations and accounts for the majority of aviation crashes and fatalities. National Transportation Safety Board reports of hot-a...
Emotional energy, work self-efficacy, and perceived similarity during the Mars 520 study.
The objective of the present research was to study the dynamics of changes in emotional energy, work self-efficacy and perceived similarity in the crew of the Mars 520 experimental study. The study comprised six volunteers, all men, between 27-38 yr of age (M = 32.16; SD = 4.99). The Mars 520 experi...
You're the flight surgeon: defective stereopsis.
Responses to sudden cold-water immersion in inexperienced swimmers following training.
When suddenly immersed in cold water, humans typically exhibit the cold shock response, although training can attenuate hyperventilation. This study extends previous findings by considering the influence of physical activity to maintain buoyancy and subsequent swimming performance. Six inexperienced...
A novel method to detect heat illness under severe conditions by monitoring tympanic temperature.
We report a new methodology for detecting heat illness based on continuous tympanic temperature monitoring. This is relevant to industrial workers, astronauts, and pilots, as well as athletes. Here we evaluate the method in Grand Touring (GT) car racers in the closed-cockpit category who can face li...
Vehicle submersion: a review of the problem, associated risks, and survival information.
Of all drownings, 3 to 11% occur in submersed vehicles, yet scientific study of this topic seems limited. A search was made of digital medical, drowning, transportation, and rescue databases regarding vehicle submersion drownings. The major risk factors include driving on ice or roadways near water,...
Overview of medical operations for a manned stratospheric balloon flight.
Red Bull Stratos was a commercial program designed to bring a test parachutist protected by a full-pressure suit via a stratospheric balloon with a pressurized capsule to 120,000 ft (36,576 m), from which he would freefall and subsequently parachute to the ground. On March 15, 2012, the Red Bull Str...
You're the flight surgeon: nasal congestion and Eustachian tube dysfunction.
Risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries for soldiers deployed to Afghanistan.
This study determined injury incidence and examined the association between musculoskeletal injuries and potential intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. This retrospective cohort study involved a survey of 593 volunteers from two battalions of a Stryker Brigade Combat Team upon completion of a 12-mo...