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- Rcgp, Ovid from 1998, Ingenta, Proquest, CSA, and Gale
The Exercise-Induced Stress Response of Skeletal Muscle, with Specific Emphasis on Humans
Skeletal muscle adapts to the stress of contractile activity via changes in gene expression to yield an increased content of a family of highly conserved cytoprotective proteins known as heat shock proteins (HSPs). These proteins function to maintain homeostasis, facilitate repair from injury and pr...
Let them roam free? Physiological and psychological evidence for the potential of self-selected exercise intensity in public health.
These results demonstrate the compatibility of prescription-based and preference-based approaches. Public health practitioners can consider self-selected intensity as an appropriate option....
Characteristics of physical activity guidelines and their effect on adherence: a review of randomized trials.
Prescription characteristics and guidelines of recommended physical activity have been suggested as factors that may affect behavioural adherence; however, no review has critically appraised the current evidence. Thus, the purpose of this article was to review the effect of frequency, intensity, dur...
[In Process Citation]
Exercise for health for early postmenopausal women: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
We conducted a systematic review for randomised, controlled exercise trials on postmenopausal women (aged 50 to 65 years) on components of HRF. HRF consists of morphological fitness (body composition and bone strength), musculoskeletal fitness (muscle strength and endurance, flexibility), motor fitn...
Glycaemic index and optimal performance.
It is widely documented that athletes should consume carbohydrates prior to, during and after exercise. Ingestion of carbohydrates at these times will optimise performance and recovery. In spite of this knowledge, there is a paucity of information available to athletes concerning the types of carboh...
Anabolic steroid use and associated health risk behaviours.
Androgenic-anabolic steroid use is a significant problem among young people. The abuse of steroids may cause significant medical problems. Adolescent steroid users have also been found to be more likely than non-users to be engaging in other high risk behaviours including multiple drug use, cigarett...
Circadian variation in sports performance.
Chronobiology is the science concerned with investigations of time-dependent changes in physiological variables. Circadian rhythms refer to variations that recur every 24 hours. Many physiological circadian rhythms at rest are endogenously controlled, and persist when an individual is isolated from...
Exercise, training and red blood cell turnover.
Endurance training can lead to what has been termed 'sports anaemia'. Although under normal conditions, red blood cells (RBCs) have a lifespan of about 120 days, the rate of aging may increase during intensive training. However, RBC deficiency is rare in athletes, and sports anaemia is probably due...
The effectiveness of psychological interventions in competitive sport.
The use of psychological interventions in competitive sport to enhance performance has become increasingly popular. However, the effectiveness of these interventions has been questioned by some sports psychologists. In general, educationally-based psychological interventions have produced significan...