Developmental & Comparative Immunology
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Pathogen recognition receptors in channel catfish: IV. Identification, phylogeny and expression analysis of peptidoglycan recognition protei...
We have reported catfish PRRs including nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat containing receptors (NLRs), retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I) like receptors (RLRs), and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). In this study, we identified and characterized the PGRP gene family in channel catfish whi...
Preliminary characterization of complement in a colonial tunicate: C3, Bf and inhibition of C3 opsonic activity by compstatin.
We report on the characterization of C3 and Bf transcripts from the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri (BsC3 and BsBf, respectively), a reliable model organism for immunobiological research, and present a comparative analysis of amino acid sequences of C3s and Bfs suggesting that, in deuterostom...
Functional characterization of chitinase-3 reveals involvement of chitinases in early embryo immunity in zebrafish.
We show here that recombinant chitinase-3 (rChi3) is able to hydrolyze the artificial chitin substrate, 4-methylumbelliferyl-β-D-N,N',N″-triacetylchitotrioside, and to bind to and inhibit the growth of the fungus Candida albicans, implicating that Chi3 plays a dual function in innate immunity and ch...
Identification of grass carp IL-10 receptor subunits: functional evidence for IL-10 signaling in teleost immunity.
Although the functions of teleost IL-10 have been preliminarily determined, functional evidence for its receptor signaling is lacking. Particularly, the identity of fish IL-10 receptor 2 (IL-10R2) is ambiguous. Cytokine receptor family member b4 (CRFB4) and CRFB5 are likely the ortholog of mammalian...
A continuous cell line, SYSU-OfHe-C, from hemocytes of Ostrinia furnacalis possesses immune ability depending on the presence of larval plas...
A continuous cell line, SYSU-OfHe-C, from larval hemocytes of corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis was established. With increasing passages, the cells grew increasingly faster, and approximately 45% of the cells were in division at passage 55. The culture was mainly composed of two types of cells, granu...
Antimicrobial peptides play a functional role in bumblebee anti-trypanosome defense.
Bumblebees, amongst the most important of pollinators, are under enormous population pressures. One of these is disease. The bumblebee and its gut trypanosome Crithidia bombi are one of the fundamental models of ecological immunology. Although there is previous evidence of increased immune gene expr...
Adult zebrafish model for pneumococcal pathogenesis.
We examined whether the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) can be used to investigate the pathophysiology of pneumococcal diseases. Here we show that both intraperitoneal and intramuscular injections of the pneumococcal strain TIGR4 cause a fulminant, dose-dependent infection in adult zebrafish, while is...
Cadmium triggers kidney cell apoptosis of purse red common carp (Cyprinus carpio) without caspase-8 activation.
We isolated the caspase-8 gene from common carp, one of the most important industrial aquatic animals in China using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The deduced amino acid sequence of caspase-8 comprised 475 amino acids, which showed approximately 64.1% identity and 79.8% similarity to zebr...
The avian heterophil.
Heterophils play an indispensable role in the immune defense of the avian host. To accomplish this defense, heterophils use sophisticated mechanisms to both detect and destroy pathogenic microbes. Detection of pathogens through the toll-like receptors (TLR), FC and complement receptors, and other pa...
PmSERPIN3 from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon is capable of controlling the proPO system.
Serpin or serine proteinase inhibitor is a family of protease inhibitors that are involved in controlling the proteolytic cascade in various biological processes. In shrimp, several serpins have been identified but only a few have been characterized. Herein, the PmSERPIN3 gene identified from Penaeu...