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Veterinary and Human Toxicology

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  1. Field observations in pigs exposed to fumonisin B1 contaminated feed.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):303 (2004) PMID 15587243

    Fourteen pigs, fed during the last 5 mo of rearing on fumonisin B1 naturally contaminated feed, were evaluated for hematological and biochemical effects. After slaughtering of the animals, the liver and 1 kidney underwent histopathological examination; the other kidney was tested by HPLC for fum...
  2. Retrospective case series of suspected intentional paraquat poisonings: diagnostic findings and risk factors for death.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):313 (2004) PMID 15587247

    We investigated a cluster of canine poisonings around the 4th of July weekend in 2003 in dogs that visited a local park. Medical records review and personal interviews were performed on 17 suspect cases; 14 dogs met the case definition criteria. The 13/14 dogs were allowed off-leash at some poin...
  3. Regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the European Union: principles of risk assessment.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):340 (2004) PMID 15587259

    The establishment of regulations for genetically modified organisms and the application of environmental risk assessment principles within the European Union are documented.
  4. Chemical injury to the tongue following contact with sodium hydroxide drain cleaner.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):319 (2004) PMID 15587249

    Solid sodium hydroxide compounds are used to unclog drains. In Turkey, these agents are easily available and commonly used by housewives. They are sold in weak bags and usually stored within these bags. We present the case of an elderly woman with dementia who developed severe alkaline tongue bu...
  5. Prolonged hemolysis and methemoglobinemia following organic copper fungicide ingestion.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):321 (2004) PMID 15587250

    Acute ingestion of copper sulfate has been reported to cause gastrointestinal injury, hemolysis, methemoglobinemia, hepatorenal failure, shock; or even death. The toxicity of organocopper compounds, however, remains largely unknown. A 40-y-old man attempted suicide by ingesting some 50 ml of Ses...
  6. Atypical poisonings with botanicals raise suspicion of malicious activity.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):341 (2004) PMID 15587260

    Heightened toxicovigilance since the terrorist actions of 9/11 has raised concerns for malicious use of highly toxic botanicals, as the 3 cases reported illustrate.
  7. Cytochrome P450-mediated activation and toxicity of chlorpyrifos in male and female rats.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):297 (2004) PMID 15587241

    This study compared CYP-mediated activation and toxicity of chlorpyrifos (CPF) in male and female rats, since gender difference in CPF toxicity in rats has been reported. A dose of 50 mg/kg of CPF in corn oil was administered ip to 2 groups of male and female rats while the respective control gr...
  8. Clinical course of a loxosceles spider bite in Turkey.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):306 (2004) PMID 15587244

    We report the first case from Turkey of a dermonecrotic wound associated with possible Loxosceles spider bite and offer the complete clinical course that resulted in a permanent scar. Emergency physicians in western Turkey should be aware of Loxosceles spider bites as a cause of necrotizing woun...
  9. Lead poisoning in cattle grazing pasture contaminated by industrial waste.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):326 (2004) PMID 15587252

    Lead poisoning is described in a herd of 120 Nelore cows of which 35 were affected. All affected cows died after a clinical course of 2-7 d with clinical signs related to cortical neurological disturbances. The source of Pb was fumes from a car battery recycling plant which has had a failure in ...
  10. V&HT's future--like all futures--remains 'uncertain'.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):352 (2004) PMID 15587264