Veterinary and Human Toxicology
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Effects on growth and cadmium residues from feeding cadmium-added diets with and without montmorillonite nanocomposite to growing pigs.
One hundred and ninety-two crossbred pigs (barrows, Duroc x Landrace x Yorkshine, initial weight 27.6 kg) were used to evaluate the effects of montmorillonite nanocomposite (MNC) on cadmium (Cd) retention in tissues of growing pigs. The animals were randomly assigned to 2 supplementations of Cd (0 o...
5-fluorouracil toxicity with severe bone marrow suppression in a dog.
This report describes 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) toxicity in a dog that resulted in severe bone marrow suppression. The dog initially was presented with neurologic and gastrointestinal signs and developed pancytopenia characterized by severe neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. Examination of bone marrow as...
We report a case of sea-urchin injury with severe local reaction and acute hepatitis. A 47-y-o Taiwanese woman accidentally stepped on a sea urchin while scuba diving on a beach in Palau Islands. The puncture wounds were numerous and she felt faintness, and immediate and intense pain. Initial manage...
Black widow spider and brown recluse spider bites in Texas from 1998 through 2002.
Black widow spiders and brown recluse spiders are of medical importance to humans in the US. However, these spiders differ in their habits, habitat, and the clinical effects and treatment of their bite. This study used data from human exposure calls to poison centers in Texas to compare the epidemio...
Who's going to win: science vs regulations?
Hyperthermic syndrome in dairy cattle associated with consumption of ergots of Claviceps purpurea in southern Brazil.
A hyperthermic syndrome (HS) associated with consumption of ration contaminated with Claviceps purpurea is described in 4 dairy cattle herds from different counties in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Outbreaks of this mycotoxicosis occurred during the summer of 1999-2000 and autumn...
Treatment of ammonia intoxication in rats with urea cycle amino acids, furosemide and fluids.
Three hundred sixty-seven male Wistar rats were used to compare the efficiency of urea cycle amino acids (arginine, citrulline and ornithine; Group O), furosemide (Group F), and fluid therapy (saline solution; Group FT) to treat ammonia toxicity. Rats were injected ip initially with an ammonium acet...
Use of plants to induce chemical submission in Tunisia.
Induced chemical submission is the administration or instigation of consumption of one or more substances to an individual without their knowledge to alter attentiveness and make the person vulnerable to abuse. Specific experiences in managing victims of induced submission from plant materials at a...
Drug imprinting ('unit labeling')--an update and a plea!
Multiple animal intoxications associated with Carolina jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) ingestions.
Neurological signs characterized by marked progressive weakness and convulsions culminating in death were observed in 3 goats over a 24-h period. Affected animals were in a group of 5 goats confined toa fenced paddock: a domestic goose within the paddock was also found dead. Present in the same padd...