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Veterinary and Human Toxicology

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  1. An unusual presentation from xylazine-ketamine.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):324 (2004) PMID 15587251

    Veterinary anesthestics have gained popularity as drugs of abuse. A case of multiple drug abuse by a 36-y-old veterinarian involved the injection of xylazine-ketamine, resulting in gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and central nervous system effects, and unexpected hypertension, tachycardia and e...
  2. Prolonged hemolysis and methemoglobinemia following organic copper fungicide ingestion.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):321 (2004) PMID 15587250

    Acute ingestion of copper sulfate has been reported to cause gastrointestinal injury, hemolysis, methemoglobinemia, hepatorenal failure, shock; or even death. The toxicity of organocopper compounds, however, remains largely unknown. A 40-y-old man attempted suicide by ingesting some 50 ml of Ses...
  3. Chemical injury to the tongue following contact with sodium hydroxide drain cleaner.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):319 (2004) PMID 15587249

    Solid sodium hydroxide compounds are used to unclog drains. In Turkey, these agents are easily available and commonly used by housewives. They are sold in weak bags and usually stored within these bags. We present the case of an elderly woman with dementia who developed severe alkaline tongue bu...
  4. Clinical course of a loxosceles spider bite in Turkey.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):306 (2004) PMID 15587244

    We report the first case from Turkey of a dermonecrotic wound associated with possible Loxosceles spider bite and offer the complete clinical course that resulted in a permanent scar. Emergency physicians in western Turkey should be aware of Loxosceles spider bites as a cause of necrotizing woun...
  5. Acute sheep poisoning from a copper sulfate footbath.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):315 (2004) PMID 15587248

    An outbreak of footrot occurred in a flock of Corriedale sheep; 27 animals were treated with antibiotic and footbathed in a 5% copper sulfate solution. Being deprived of water for > 17 h, many sheep drank the footbath solution. After 6 h 16 sheep became ill with acute copper poisoning, 10 animal...
  6. Acute pesticide poisoning related deaths in Turkey.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):342 (2004) PMID 15587261

    This study determined the spectrum of deaths due to acute agrochemical poisoning in Turkey. Data was obtained from all autopsy reports performed between 1997 and 2001, compiled by the Institute of Forensic Medicine (which is a department of the Ministry of Justice), and evaluated retrospectively...
  7. Retrospective case series of suspected intentional paraquat poisonings: diagnostic findings and risk factors for death.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):313 (2004) PMID 15587247

    We investigated a cluster of canine poisonings around the 4th of July weekend in 2003 in dogs that visited a local park. Medical records review and personal interviews were performed on 17 suspect cases; 14 dogs met the case definition criteria. The 13/14 dogs were allowed off-leash at some poin...
  8. A screening study of xylitol binding in vitro to activated charcoal.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):336 (2004) PMID 15587257

    Ingestion of foods containing the sweetener xylitol by dogs results in a significant, and often sustained, insulin-mediated hypoglycemic crisis. The efficacy of activated charcoal for gastrointestinal decontamination following xylitol ingestion is unknown. This screening study examined the effec...
  9. Regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the European Union: principles of risk assessment.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):340 (2004) PMID 15587259

    The establishment of regulations for genetically modified organisms and the application of environmental risk assessment principles within the European Union are documented.
  10. Focal symmetrical encephalomalacia in swine from ingestion of Aeschynomene indica seeds.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):309 (2004) PMID 15587245

    A spontaneous outbreak of neurological disease in swine caused by the ingestion of Aeschynomene indica seeds and reproduction of the disease in the same specie are reported. In the natural outbreak the morbidity, mortality and lethality rates were respectively 25%-40%, 8.5%-20%, and 25%-66%. Cli...