Veterinary and Human Toxicology

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  1. An unusual presentation from xylazine-ketamine.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):324 (2004) PMID 15587251

    Veterinary anesthestics have gained popularity as drugs of abuse. A case of multiple drug abuse by a 36-y-old veterinarian involved the injection of xylazine-ketamine, resulting in gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and central nervous system effects, and unexpected hypertension, tachycardia and e...
  2. Prolonged hemolysis and methemoglobinemia following organic copper fungicide ingestion.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):321 (2004) PMID 15587250

    Acute ingestion of copper sulfate has been reported to cause gastrointestinal injury, hemolysis, methemoglobinemia, hepatorenal failure, shock; or even death. The toxicity of organocopper compounds, however, remains largely unknown. A 40-y-old man attempted suicide by ingesting some 50 ml of Ses...
  3. Chemical injury to the tongue following contact with sodium hydroxide drain cleaner.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):319 (2004) PMID 15587249

    Solid sodium hydroxide compounds are used to unclog drains. In Turkey, these agents are easily available and commonly used by housewives. They are sold in weak bags and usually stored within these bags. We present the case of an elderly woman with dementia who developed severe alkaline tongue bu...
  4. Clinical course of a loxosceles spider bite in Turkey.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):306 (2004) PMID 15587244

    We report the first case from Turkey of a dermonecrotic wound associated with possible Loxosceles spider bite and offer the complete clinical course that resulted in a permanent scar. Emergency physicians in western Turkey should be aware of Loxosceles spider bites as a cause of necrotizing woun...
  5. Acute sheep poisoning from a copper sulfate footbath.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):315 (2004) PMID 15587248

    An outbreak of footrot occurred in a flock of Corriedale sheep; 27 animals were treated with antibiotic and footbathed in a 5% copper sulfate solution. Being deprived of water for > 17 h, many sheep drank the footbath solution. After 6 h 16 sheep became ill with acute copper poisoning, 10 animal...
  6. Acute pesticide poisoning related deaths in Turkey.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):342 (2004) PMID 15587261

    This study determined the spectrum of deaths due to acute agrochemical poisoning in Turkey. Data was obtained from all autopsy reports performed between 1997 and 2001, compiled by the Institute of Forensic Medicine (which is a department of the Ministry of Justice), and evaluated retrospectively...
  7. Retrospective case series of suspected intentional paraquat poisonings: diagnostic findings and risk factors for death.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):313 (2004) PMID 15587247

    We investigated a cluster of canine poisonings around the 4th of July weekend in 2003 in dogs that visited a local park. Medical records review and personal interviews were performed on 17 suspect cases; 14 dogs met the case definition criteria. The 13/14 dogs were allowed off-leash at some poin...
  8. A screening study of xylitol binding in vitro to activated charcoal.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):336 (2004) PMID 15587257

    Ingestion of foods containing the sweetener xylitol by dogs results in a significant, and often sustained, insulin-mediated hypoglycemic crisis. The efficacy of activated charcoal for gastrointestinal decontamination following xylitol ingestion is unknown. This screening study examined the effec...
  9. Regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the European Union: principles of risk assessment.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):340 (2004) PMID 15587259

    The establishment of regulations for genetically modified organisms and the application of environmental risk assessment principles within the European Union are documented.
  10. Focal symmetrical encephalomalacia in swine from ingestion of Aeschynomene indica seeds.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):309 (2004) PMID 15587245

    A spontaneous outbreak of neurological disease in swine caused by the ingestion of Aeschynomene indica seeds and reproduction of the disease in the same specie are reported. In the natural outbreak the morbidity, mortality and lethality rates were respectively 25%-40%, 8.5%-20%, and 25%-66%. Cli...
  11. Incubation of European yew (Taxus baccata) with white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) rumen fluid reduces taxine A concentrations.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):300 (2004) PMID 15587242

    Yew ( Taxus baccata) foliage was co-incubated with rumen fluid (RF) taken from fistulated cattle (Bos taurus), anesthetized white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and O. virginianus killed by bow hunters. The first trial with live deer resulted in statistically significant 59% reduction of t...
  12. The inkjet cleaner "Hurricane"--another GhB recipe.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):329 (2004) PMID 15587253

    Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is widey used as a sexual enhancement drug, a euphoriant, muscle building agent, a sleep aid, a weight loss agent, and as a date rapeagent. Precursor ingredients such as gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and GHB recipes are available, especially via the Internet. This is a rep...
  13. Vietnamese centipede envenomation.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):312 (2004) PMID 15587246

    The Vietnamese centipede (Scolopendra subspinipes) is one of the largest and most aggressive tropical centipedes. It has become a popular pet among arthropod enthusiasts and the general public. Despite their reputation, few well-documented cases of envenomation are reported in the medical litera...
  14. Two plant fish-poisons in Lebanon.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):338 (2004) PMID 15587258

    The use of a powder for poisoning sea fish off Lebanon is reported for the first time. The powder is prepared from the seeds of storax (Styrax officinalis L) and tubers of common cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum Mill.), both species growing wild in Lebanon. References to the properties of these speci...
  15. Bites by the grass snake Natrix natrix.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):334 (2004) PMID 15587255

    The non life-threatening results of a bite from a grass snake in a 17-y-old patient are described, their significance evaluated, and the hazard of such bites discussed.
  16. Antimony toxicity from the use of tartar emetic for the treatment of alcohol abuse.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):331 (2004) PMID 15587254

    Antimony is a poisonous element with toxic properties that mimic those of arsenic. Numerous reports describe gastrointestinal complications of vomiting, diarrhea and stomatitis associated with antimony exposure. However, antimony toxicity from the use of tartar emetic as a treatment for alcohol ...
  17. Field observations in pigs exposed to fumonisin B1 contaminated feed.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):303 (2004) PMID 15587243

    Fourteen pigs, fed during the last 5 mo of rearing on fumonisin B1 naturally contaminated feed, were evaluated for hematological and biochemical effects. After slaughtering of the animals, the liver and 1 kidney underwent histopathological examination; the other kidney was tested by HPLC for fum...
  18. Lead poisoning in cattle grazing pasture contaminated by industrial waste.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):326 (2004) PMID 15587252

    Lead poisoning is described in a herd of 120 Nelore cows of which 35 were affected. All affected cows died after a clinical course of 2-7 d with clinical signs related to cortical neurological disturbances. The source of Pb was fumes from a car battery recycling plant which has had a failure in ...
  19. An analysis of 682 adult poisonings in Central Anatolia of Turkey.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):335 (2004) PMID 15587256

    We defined patient demographics, type of the poisoning, distribution according to month, route and reason for exposure, mortality causes and rates from 682 poisonings admitted to University Hospital in Kayseri, Turkey to evaluate whether they follow the pattern of other countries. Poisoning were...
  20. Atypical poisonings with botanicals raise suspicion of malicious activity.

    Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6):341 (2004) PMID 15587260

    Heightened toxicovigilance since the terrorist actions of 9/11 has raised concerns for malicious use of highly toxic botanicals, as the 3 cases reported illustrate.