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Benign subcutaneous emphysema of the upper extremity.
Benign subcutaneous emphysema is a rare clinical entity, documented by only a small collection of case reports. The presence of crepitus on physical examination and subcutaneous gas on radiographs is concerning for necrotizing fasciitis. Necrotizing fasciitis is a dangerous and deadly infection acco...
Morphological characteristics of posterolateral articular fragments in tibial plateau fractures.
Treatment of posterolateral tibial plateau fractures is controversial, and information regarding this specific fracture pattern is lacking. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the frequency and morphological features of posterolateral articular fragments in tibial plateau fractures. A retrosp...
Subdeltoid lipoma arborescens combined with rotator cuff tears.
Lipoma arborescens, a rare benign intra-articular lesion, is characterized by lipomatous proliferation of the synovium in which the subsynovial tissue is replaced by mature adipocytes. Subdeltoid bursa is a rare location for lipoma arborescens, and only a few cases have been reported in the literatu...
Local application of free antibiotic powder in the treatment of osteomyelitis in a rat model.
To date, several strategies have been developed to provide local antibiotic therapy in the treatment of osteomyelitis, such as antibiotic-loaded bone cement, antibiotic-impregnated collagen sponges, polymethylmethacrylate beads, antibiotic-loaded bone graft, antibiotic-loaded synthetic bone substitu...
Periosteal tension band fixation of a pronation external rotation type fracture of the ankle in a child.
Interposed soft tissues can block the anatomical reduction of displaced physeal fractures in children and may necessitate surgical removal. The authors describe a new technique in which they surgically freed the interposed distal-based periosteal flap in an irreducible Salter-Harris type II fracture...
Precontoured locking plate fixation for displaced lateral clavicle fractures.
Displaced fractures of the lateral end of the clavicle are associated with an increased risk of nonunion with conservative treatment; therefore, operative treatment is recommended. Various operative treatments have been suggested, but no consensus exists regarding a gold standard for the surgical tr...
Platelet-rich plasma promotes healing of osteoporotic fractures.
With an aging population worldwide, the frequency of osteoporotic fractures is increasing. Therefore, biological methods to enhance the internal fixation of osteoporotic fractures becomes more important to reduce the societal burden of care. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the role of pl...
Operative decisions for endoscopic treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome.
The authors review the relevant anatomy and provide technical tips for endoscopic decompression of the cubital tunnel. Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common nerve compression syndrome in the upper extremity. Until recently, surgeons focused on open decompression combined with submuscular...
Deep infections in total joint replacements.
Efficiency of Ligamentotaxis Using PLL for Thoracic and Lumbar Burst Fractures in the Load-sharing Classification.
The use of pedicle screws for short-segment implants has been known to be dangerous in patients who score a 7 or higher on McCormack's classification. The efficiency of ligamentotaxis of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) and short-segment implants and fusion in relation to McCormack's classi...