Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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HIV diagnoses among injection-drug users in states with HIV surveillance--25 states, 1994-2000.
Injection-drug use is a risk factor for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Of the 765,559 cumulative AIDS cases diagnosed as of December 2000, a total of 193,527 (25%) occurred among injection-drug users (IDUs). IDUs become infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through sharing inj...
Late versus early testing of HIV--16 Sites, United States, 2000-2003.
Knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serostatus has been an important element of HIV-prevention and -treatment efforts. In 2000, among the estimated 850,000-950,000 persons living with HIV in the United States, approximately one fourth (180,000-280,000) were unaware that they were HIV inf...
State Medicaid coverage for tobacco-dependence treatments--United States, 1994-2001.
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. One of the national health objectives for 2010 is to increase insurance coverage of evidence-based treatment for nicotine dependence (i.e., total coverage of behavioral therapies and Food and Drug Administration [FDA]--appro...
Poisoning by an illegally imported Chinese rodenticide containing tetramethylenedisulfotetramine--New York City, 2002.
Illegally imported foreign products can result in domestic exposures to unusual toxic chemicals, and health-care providers might not be able to provide appropriate therapy because the chemical ingredients might not be listed or recognized even after translation of the product label. This report desc...
Smallpox vaccine adverse events among civilians--United States, February 18-24, 2003.
During the civilian smallpox vaccination program, CDC and state health departments are conducting surveillance for vaccine-associated adverse events. In the first stage of the program, active surveillance is being conducted for potentially life-threatening, moderate-to-severe, and other serious adve...
Neurologic impairment in children associated with maternal dietary deficiency of cobalamin--Georgia, 2001.
During 2001, neurologic impairment resulting from cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency was diagnosed in two children in Georgia. The children were breastfed by mothers who followed vegetarian diets. This report summarizes the two cases and provides guidance for health-care providers on identifying and...
Recommended adult immunization schedule--United States, 2002-2003.
Although the childhood immunization program in the United States has reduced the burden of vaccine-preventable disease substantially among children, substantial vaccine-preventable morbidity and mortality from diseases such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, and pneumococcal infections continue...
Update: Investigations of West Nile virus infections in recipients of organ transplantation and blood transfusion--Michigan, 2002.
On September 27, 2002, this report was posted on the MMWR website (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr). CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and state and local health departments continue to investigate West Nile virus (WNV) infections in recipi...
Acute flaccid paralysis syndrome associated with West Nile virus infection--Mississippi and Louisiana, July-August 2002.
West Nile virus (WNV) infection can cause severe, potentially fatal neurologic illnesses including encephalitis and meningitis. Acute WNV infection also has been associated with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) attributed to a peripheral demyelinating process (Guillain-Barré Syndrome [GBS]), or to an a...
Human rabies--Tennessee, 2002.
On August 31,2002, a boy aged 13 years residing in Franklin County, Tennessee, died from rabies encephalitis caused by a rabies virus variant associated with silver-haired and eastern pipistrelle bats. This report summarizes the investigation by the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH). Persons shou...