Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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Homemade chemical bombs (HCBs), also known as acid bombs, bottle bombs, and MacGyver bombs, are explosive devices that can be made easily from volatile household chemicals (e.g., toilet bowl, drain, and driveway cleaners) purchased at a local hardware or grocery store. When these and other ingre...
This report updates reported cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) worldwide and in the United States, describes a change in the recommended timing of collection of a convalescent-phase serum specimen to test for antibody to SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), and introduces a ne...
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is caused by maternal alcohol use during pregnancy and is one of the leading causes of preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities. The FAS phenotype is characterized by a combination of facial dysmorphic features, growth retardation, and central nervous...
This report summarizes West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance data reported to CDC through ArboNET as of 7 a.m. Mountain Daylight Time, July 16, 2003.
During 1999-2001, the estimated number of cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reported officially in the Russian Federation increased approximately 16-fold, from 11,000 to 177,000. In 2001, of 49,434 HIV-infected persons for whom a risk factor was identified, 46,274 (94%) were injection-...
Ground and aerial applications of insecticides are used to control populations of adult mosquitoes, which spread such diseases as West Nile virus--related illness, eastern equine encephalitis, and dengue fever. This report summarizes investigations of illnesses associated with exposures to insec...
Injection-drug use is a risk factor for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Of the 765,559 cumulative AIDS cases diagnosed as of December 2000, a total of 193,527 (25%) occurred among injection-drug users (IDUs). IDUs become infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through sharing...
CDC and state and local health departments continue to investigate cases of monkeypox among persons in the United States who had contact with wild or exotic mammalian pets or with persons with monkeypox. This report updates results of the epidemiologic investigation, provides information on the ...
The U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) comprises four islands (St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, and Water Island) (2000 population: 108,612) located 70 miles east of Puerto Rico. The median age of persons residing in USVI is 33.4 years (range: 0-110 years), and 87% are aged <60 years; the majority of th...
During January 24-June 20, 2003, smallpox vaccine was administered to 37,802 civilian health-care and public health workers in 55 jurisdictions to prepare the United States for a possible terrorist attack using smallpox virus. This report updates information on vaccine-associated adverse events ...