Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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Starting from the bench—Prevention and control of foodborne and zoonotic diseases
Foodborne diseases are estimated to cause around 50 million disease cases and 3000 deaths a year in the US. Worldwide, food and waterborne diseases are estimated to cause more than 2 million deaths per year. Lab-based research is a key component of efforts to prevent and control foodborne...
Distribution of cow-calf producers' beliefs regarding gathering and holding their cattle and observing animal movement restrictions during a...
The voluntary cooperation of producers with disease control measures such as movement restrictions and gathering cattle for testing, vaccination, or depopulation is critical to the success of many disease control programs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Texas in order to determine the dis...
Abattoir based survey of Salmonella in finishing pigs in the United Kingdom 2006-2007.
All European Union (EU) Member States (MSs) were required to conduct a baseline survey from October 2006 to September 2007 to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella infection in finisher pigs at slaughter. In the United Kingdom (UK), samples for microbiological culture were collected from the ileo-ca...
Risk factors for occupational brucellosis among veterinary personnel in Turkey.
We described the risk factors of occupational brucellosis among veterinary personnel in Turkey. A multicenter retrospective survey was performed among veterinary personnel who were actively working in the field. Of 712 veterinary personnel, 84 (11.8%) had occupational brucellosis. The median number...
Targeted survey of Newcastle disease virus in backyard poultry flocks located in wintering site for migratory birds from Southern Brazil.
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes a fast-spreading, highly contagious infectious disease in several bird species. Commercial poultry farms in Brazil were considered free of virulent NDV. Data on NDV infection levels in backyard poultry flocks and the epidemiology of the disease are limited. The a...
Meta-analysis on the efficacy of routine vaccination against foot and mouth disease (FMD) in China.
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks have been reported in China for many years. Recently, due to the rapid economic development, the price of meat and its demand have grown quickly. This trend has resulted in an increase in the number of livestock moving from south-east Asian countries into China...
Comparison of two methods for collecting antibiotic use data on small dairy farms.
We found that the agreement between the bins and self-report was relatively poor for both the quantity and types of antibiotics used. The bins appeared to perform better than self-report when bottles and mLs of antibiotics were measured, while self-report appeared to perform better for intra-mammary...
Viral hemorrhagic septicemia IVb status in the United States: inferences from surveillance activities and regional context.
The United States (U.S.) response to viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) IVb emergence in the Laurentian Great Lakes (GL) included risk-based surveillance for cost-effective decision support regarding the health of fish populations in open systems. All U.S. VHSV IVb isolations to date derive f...
The data - sources and validation.
The basis for all observational studies is the availability of appropriate data of high quality. Data may be collected specifically for the research purpose in question (so-called "primary data"), but data collected for other purposes (so-called "secondary data") are also sometimes used and useful i...
Effectiveness of cattle operated bump gates and exclusion fences in preventing ungulate multi-host sanitary interaction.
We evaluated the effectiveness of selective exclusion measures for reducing direct and indirect interaction between extensive beef cattle and wild ungulates at waterholes as an alternative for the integrated control of TB. We first monitored 6 water points (WP) with infrared-triggered cameras at a T...