Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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Seroprevalence and correlates of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic sheep in Michoacán State, Mexico.
Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep is of public health and economic importance. Seroprevalence of T. gondii infection and correlates were determined in 405 sheep from 7 farms in 4 geographical regions in Michoacán State, Mexico using the modified agglutination test (MAT). General sheep and environ...
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection in Norwegian swine herds 2009/10: The risk of human to swine transmission.
Influenza A viruses cause respiratory infection in humans and pigs, and some serotypes can be transmitted between these species. The emergence of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infections in the spring of 2009 quickly led to a worldwide pandemic in humans, with subsequent introduction of the virus to...
A retrospective analysis of Salmonella serovars isolated from pigs in Great Britain between 1994 and 2010.
A retrospective study analysing Salmonella serovars and antimicrobial resistance data from pigs in Great Britain between 1994 and 2010 was performed. Data were obtained through scanning surveillance and compared with prevalence data from other livestock species as well as human data. During the stud...
Assessment of confidence in freedom from Aujeszky's disease and classical swine fever in Danish pigs based on serological sampling-Effect of...
We investigated, whether the sample size could be reduced without compromising the posterior probability of freedom (PostPFree) from AD and CSF by use of a scenario tree model. Conventional herds and sows or boars were defined as risk factors (compared to SPF(1) herds and finisher pigs), with a rela...
Conceptual framework for analysing farm-specific economic effects of helminth infections in ruminants and control strategies.
We show how this positioning makes it possible to establish a linkage between input and output transformation, helminth infection levels and effects of control strategies. Furthermore, the framework allows for the identification of improvement paths that are not necessarily related to the helminth i...
Flock-level risk factors associated with leptospirosis in dairy goats in a semiarid region of Northeastern Brazil.
A cross-sectional study based on a planned sampling was carried out to determine flock-level risk factors associated to Leptospira spp. infection in dairy goat flocks in a semiarid region of Northeastern Brazil. Serum samples from 975 adult dairy goats from 110 flocks were examined for Leptospira sp...
Bayesian network as an aid for Food Chain Information use for meat inspection.
Current ante mortem inspection involves a check of relevant Food Chain Information (FCI) transmitted by the farmer to the slaughterhouse on a regulatory FCI document. Since 2000, a farm sanitary form with FCI data has been used for all consignments of broiler chickens in France. However, the FCI nee...
Herd-level prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in United States dairy herds in 2007.
Testing of composite fecal (environmental) samples from high traffic areas in dairy herds has been shown to be a cost-effective and sensitive method for classification of herd status for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). In the National Animal Health Monitoring System's (NAHMS) Dair...
Serological and virological BVDV prevalence and risk factor analysis for herds to be BVDV seropositive in Belgian cattle herds.
Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is a worldwide spread virus that most commonly infects cattle and can cause considerable economic losses. To determine the prevalence of BVDV in Belgium, a cross-sectional study was performed between November 2009 and March 2010. Young stock aged between 6 and 12m...
Modelling bovine babesiosis: a tool to simulate scenarios for pathogen spread and to test control measures for the disease.
We use a modeling approach to investigate the spread of babesiosis and evaluate control measures. A previously developed tick population dynamics model (here, Ixodes ricinus) is coupled with a pathogen spread model (here, the protozoan Babesia divergens), which describes pathogen spread in a dairy h...