Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine
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Pattern of endodontic treatment in children in a Nigerian tertiary hospital.
A total of 2376 patients were seen during the period of survey, out of which 260 (11%) patients received endodontic treatment of three hundred teeth comprising 194 mandibular teeth and 106 maxillary teeth. The primary lower second molar (26%) was the most frequently endodontically treated tooth foll...
Analysis of stillbirths in a Nigerian mission hospital.
Stillbirth rate was 39.7 per 1000 births with 51.9% and 48.1% being macerated and fresh stillbirths respectively. Antepartum haemorrhage, pre-eclampsia/ eclampsia and prolonged/obstructed labour were the three leading risk factors for stillbirth. Low birthweight babies were also at increased risk of...
Brief ischaemia reduces testicular lipid peroxidation following subsequent ischaemia: an evidence for ischaemic preconditioning.
Following retorsion after two weeks, MDA levels were significantly reduced from the control after 30, 45 and 60 minutes of torsion but not after 15 minutes of torsion. There was no significant difference between testicular MDA levels at initial torsion and subsequent levels following re-torsion if m...
Essay, multiple-choice (MCQ) and combined (essay with MCQ) type examinations: the pharmacy students' perspective.
There was no significant difference between the means of the attitude scale ratings for the three test formats. CONCLUSION: There was no particular inclination toward any test format. However other factors related to the examiner and learning objectives should be taken into consideration in the choi...
Propofol versus halothane in paediatric daycase surgery: a comparison of the duration of induction and haemodynamic profile.
Inhalational induction with Halothane is commonly used for anaesthesia in children. Its drawbacks include bradycardia and hypotension. Intravenous propofol has recently challenged this position.
An assessment of the competence and experience of dentists with the management of medical emergencies in a Nigerian teaching hospital.
Among the dental surgeons, 20 (26.6%) were consultants, 40 (53.3%) were registrars and 35 (46.6%) were house-officers. Thirty five (43.7%) had previous knowledge of basic life support (BLS) training, while 45 (56.2%) denied such knowledge. The figures for other trainings such as advanced trauma life...
Obesity prevalence in adult residents of Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
The mean age and BMI of the participants were 44.2 years and 24.2 Kg/m2 respectively. Although age-matched; the females had higher BMI values compared to males (23.8 vs. 24.5 Kg/m2). The overall crude prevalence of overweight (25.0-29.9 Kg/m2) and obesity (>30 Kg/m2) were 20.3% and 12.5% respectivel...
Gastrointestinal effects of Syzigium aromaticum (L) Merr. & Perry (Myrtaceae) in animal models.
The extract was found to increase the gut muscle propulsion similar to the standard drugs-carbachol and metoclopramide. When used together with atropine, SYZ produced a reduction in intestinal propulsion which suggested the involvement of cholinergic mechanisms in the action of the extract. In the u...
The role of manix in the management of idiopathic oligospermia. A pilot study at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital.
There were statistically significant improvements in semen parameters in the patients on Manix . No improvement was noted in the other group on vit E. There was however no significant difference in pregnancy rates in the two groups. CONCLUSION: Manix may play a role in the management of patients wit...
Zinc supplementation in children with acute diarrhoea.
The mean plasma zinc levels at baseline and at the end of the study were 0.06 +/- 0.04 and 0.067 +/- 0.03 ppm in the zinc supplemented group and 0.11 +/- 0.02 and 0.05 +/- 0.03 ppm in the control group. The differences were not statistically significant. The zinc supplemented group had an average we...