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  1. [Odón de Buen: forty-five years of commitment to the university].

    Asclepio 63(2):405 (2011) PMID 22371988

    The aragonese naturalist Odón de Buen y del Cos for twenty-two annual academic courses professor of natural history at the University of Barcelona and for twenty-three of the University of Madrid. Strong supporter of Darwin's evolutionary theory, experimental work in the field and laboratory, in...
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  2. [Autopsies of the real: resurrecting the dead].

    Asclepio 63(2):349 (2011) PMID 22368802

    The sense of the real, or the material - the dead body - as an inextricable part of the sacred does not disappear in the secular environment of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This article analyzes specific humanitarian narratives centered on the practice of autopsy and mummification, in...
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  3. [To the study of conventual health in the beginning of 19th century: the pharmacies].

    Asclepio 63(1):123 (2011) PMID 21972472

    The institution "Junta do Exame do Estado Actual e Melhoramento Temporal das Ordens Regulares" (Examination Council for the Actual State and Temporal Improvement of the Religious Orders) was created in November of 1789. Among other things, each Religious House should inform that institution abou...
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  4. [The banishment of the marvellous. Hermaphrodites and sexual mutants in Enlightenment Spain].

    Asclepio 63(1):7 (2011) PMID 21970035

    This article presents a historical synthesis in order to trace how the collective belief in the existence of hermaphrodites and sex-changes was slowly eroded in the changing medical and cultural context of Enlightenment Spain. In order to explain this change, three interlinked processes are outl...
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  5. [Community health and social action in the epidemiologic control of infantile trachoma, Spain (1932-1939)].

    Asclepio 63(2):507 (2011) PMID 22375301

    Within the context of the endemic trachoma that affected different regions of Spain until the 1960s, this paper analyses the epidemiological determinants of child trachoma and its treatment, based on a preventive care model which incorporated the concept of community health that took shape durin...
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  6. [Equivocal quintessence. Spiritual alchemy and counterfeit money in 16th-century Spain].

    Asclepio 63(2):319 (2011) PMID 22368801

    One of the main obsessions of the early modern era was that of determining the notions of true and false, in order to apply them to various fields of knowledge and thus establish the divide between the lawful and unlawful. This trend was to have a particular impact on the fields of religion and ...
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  7. ["Des hommes noirs et non pas des nègres": skin and race in XVIIIth century].

    Asclepio 63(1):39 (2011) PMID 21972469

    A growing interest in the nature of the black skin and in the origins of the peoples classified under this trait was accompanied in the eighteenth century by an increasing differentiation of their nature from whites, to the point that they were considered either a degenerated variety of humans, ...
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  8. [Didn't it matter to him absolutely?: Juan Vilanova and the controversy about tertiary man].

    Asclepio 63(2):379 (2011) PMID 22371987

    During the founding period of palaeoanthropology, the postulate about tertiary age of humankind was an outstanding subject. First proposals were based on supposed proofs about ancient lithical industry (eoliths). Some discoveries of human fossil remains complicated that issue, because they were ...
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  9. [Political change, disease and healthcare reform: the response to the Toxic Oil Syndrome (Spain, 1981-1998)].

    Asclepio 63(2):521 (2011) PMID 22375302

    In 1981, Spain was threatened by the sudden appearance of an epidemic-like disease, one which was unknown to that date. The Toxic Oil Syndrome, as it was later named after the oil that caused it, thus demanded a response that became conditioned by the fact that the biological nature of the disea...
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  10. [The discourse on mental disorders in the Hispanic short novel: Amado Nervo's case].

    Asclepio 63(1):65 (2011) PMID 21972470

    The evolution of Amado Nervo's novellas shows a constant communication with the paradigmatic shifts in the field of psychopathology. His metafictional constructs foreground a playful treatment of some of medicine's key ideas. In some cases, the narrow limits of positivistic psychopathology are o...
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  11. [The journal of A.V. Humboldt in Spain].

    Asclepio 63(2):545 (2011) PMID 22375303

    The Spanish diary can surprisingly not be found in his bounded diaries from his American travels, but in a separate folder of his legacy in Berlin, where Humboldt collected material which he wanted to use for his publication about Spain. So it remained undiscovered until recently. Humboldt's not...
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  12. [The pharmaceutical industry in the industrial chemical group: the National Union of Chemical-Pharmaceutical Laboratories (1919-1936)].

    Asclepio 63(2):431 (2011) PMID 22372007

    The pharmaceutical industry associations, as it happened with other businesses, had a significant rise during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and II Republic. The 'Cámara Nacional de Industrias Químicas', in Barcelona, represented the national chemical industry to its ultimate assimilation b...
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  13. [Francisco Ramírez Vas: press and medical philosophy in the third quarter of the 19th century].

    Asclepio 63(1):89 (2011) PMID 21972471

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  14. [Dissemination of German medicine in Spain and Latin America: the "Revista Médica de Hamburgo" and the "Revista Médica Germano-Ibero-Americana" (1920-1933)].

    Asclepio 62(1):7 (2010) PMID 21186697

    This article presents the development of the journals "Revista Médica de Hamburgo" and "Revista Médica Germano-Ibero-Americana," which were created to promote and disseminate the German science among the medical community in Latin America and Spain between the two World Wars. Shaken by the loss ...
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  15. [Hygiene and health preservation in the Luso-Brazilian medicine of the 18th century].

    Asclepio 62(1):225 (2010) PMID 21189663

    The present article analyzes the problematic of hygiene in the Luso-Brazilian medicine during the second half of 18th century. The chosen context to analysis is related to the changes of medical thought in Portugal along the period related to the appropriation of medical theories that circulated...
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  16. [Spanish authors in the ideal library of G. Naudé (1627): a European view of the Spanish culture and science at the beginning of the 17th century].

    Asclepio 62(1):119 (2010) PMID 21189656

    This article aims to analyze a European view of the 17th century Spanish culture. Naudé's "Advis pour dresser une bibliothèque" (1627) - translated twice into English: "Instructions concerning erecting of a library" (1661) and "Advice on establishing a library" (1950) - represents a wide set of ...
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  17. Displayed dexterity and distorted knowledge: amateurism and precision in late 18th century Spain.

    Asclepio 62(2):483 (2010) PMID 21305796

    This paper explores the links between scientific practice and precision both in expert networks and popular literature in the second half 18th century Spain. It will be argued that scientific instruments were used and understood in different ways in these two networks, which required opposing st...
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  18. [To treat or not to treat? Scientific controversy about the treatment for chronic Chagas' disease patients.].

    Asclepio 62(2):405 (2010) PMID 21302539

    Chagas disease is one of the main endemic illnesses in Latin America. Since 1969 up to the present, the treatment of chronic Chagas patients has been the object of a scientific-medical controversy mobilizing several bodies of knowledge and actors. The resolution of the controversy has direct eff...
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  19. [Scientific training and professional practice in Vicente Cervantes Mendo's Spain.].

    Asclepio 62(2):517 (2010) PMID 21309190

    Vicente Cervantes Mendo (Ledrada, Salamanca, 1758 - México, 1829) was a famous Spanish Mexican scientists; he is today heritage of Spain and Mexico. As a continuation of two recent articles on his life at Spain, the present study deals with his scientific formation at madrid, as pharmacist and a...
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  20. [Research and cure: knowledge and prophylaxis of endemic goiter in Argentina (1916-1958).].

    Asclepio 62(2):375 (2010) PMID 21302538

    The present paper focuses on the reconstruction of the historical circumstances of knowledge production as well as and the debates about endemic goiter disease during the period 1916-1955 in Argentina. Taking into account the social, political and material dimensions, this text explores the re-s...
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