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  1. Effect of a retention interval between pre-exposure and conditioning on latent inhibition in humans using a blink conditioning procedure.

    Psicothema 22(4):708 (2010) PMID 21044502

    Latent inhibition, retarded learning after pre-exposure to the to-be-conditioned stimulus, was examined using a blink conditioned procedure in humans. Experiment 1 showed that the procedure is suited to inducing the latent inhibition effect. In Experiment 2, the introduction of a 3-minute interv...
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  2. Effects of memory load on visual search.

    Psicothema 22(4):725 (2010) PMID 21044505

    It remains unclear how memory load affects attentional processes in visual search (VS). No effects, as well as beneficial and detrimental effects of memory load, have been found in this type of task. The main goal of the present research was to explore whether memory load has a modulating effect...
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  3. [Phonetic discrimination ability of a native vowel contrast in preterm infants].

    Psicothema 22(4):669 (2010) PMID 21044496

    Preterm birth is considered a risk factor for cognitive and linguistic development; however, research focusing on the comparison between preterm and full term infants' early abilities in speech perception is still scarce. In this study, the ability to perceive and discriminate a native vowel con...
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  4. [Spanish drivers' beliefs about speed. Speeding is a major issue of road safety].

    Psicothema 22(4):858 (2010) PMID 21044524

    Extending and updating our knowledge concerning drivers' motivational and cognitive processes is of essential importance if we are to apply policies with long-lasting effects. This study presents data from a representative national survey analyzing the Spanish drivers' beliefs about speed, the r...
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  5. Agreement in interpersonal perception as a predictor of group performance.

    Psicothema 22(4):848 (2010) PMID 21044523

    The present work deals with quantifying group characteristics. Specifically, dyadic measures of interpersonal perceptions were used to forecast group performance. Forty-six groups of students, 24 of four and 22 of five people, were studied in a real educational assignment context and marks were ...
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  6. Leadership in entrepreneurial organizations: context and motives.

    Psicothema 22(4):880 (2010) PMID 21044527

    Although organizational contexts have an influence on leadership, and some of their characteristics may facilitate (through weak structures) or inhibit (through strong structures) the leaders' behaviors, the extent of their influence has rarely been studied. Indeed, research of the influence of ...
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  7. [Psychosocial intervention follow-up in children with ADHD: effects on academic, emotional and social functioning].

    Psicothema 22(4):778 (2010) PMID 21044513

    The aim of this investigation was to analyze the maintenance of the effects, one year after its conclusion, of an intervention that integrated three coordinated programs, implemented with 27 children with ADHD, aged between 7 and 10 years, their parents and teachers. The intervention lasted 10 w...
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  8. [Efficacy of the program "Testas's (mis)adventures" to promote the deep approach to learning].

    Psicothema 22(4):828 (2010) PMID 21044520

    This paper provides information about the efficacy of a tutorial training program intended to enhance elementary fifth graders' study processes and foster their deep approaches to learning. The program "Testas's (mis)adventures" consists of a set of books in which Testas, a typical student, reve...
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  9. Response to instruction, English language learners and disproportionate representation: the role of assessment.

    Psicothema 22(4):970 (2010) PMID 21044540

    Response to Intervention (RtI), a cyclical process that incorporates assessment and instruction, is both an approach to prevent learning difficulties and to establish student eligibility for special education. Assessment results are used to determine students' initial knowledge and skill, their ...
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  10. [Assessment of depressive symptoms in old visually-impaired people: a study of the Geriatric Depression Scale].

    Psicothema 22(4):587 (2010) PMID 21044483

    This study has two main purposes: (a) to assess the functioning of the Geriatric Depression Scale in its Spanish version in old visually-impaired people, and (b) to assess the relevance of measuring depressive symptoms within a comprehensive assessment of psychological adjustment related to visi...
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  11. [Syndromes or symptoms in the assessment of aphasic patients?].

    Psicothema 22(4):715 (2010) PMID 21044503

    The procedure generally used to diagnose aphasic patients consists of classifying them in one of the classic syndromes on the basis of the analysis of their symptoms. However, this taxonomy has several important problems, the main one being that it does not take into account the variability of a...
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  12. [Acceptance of chronic pain in fibromyalgia patients: adaptation of Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) in a Spanish population].

    Psicothema 22(4):997 (2010) PMID 21044544

    Acceptance of chronic pain appears as an important factor in the personal ability to restore functioning in the presence of chronic pain. The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) is currently the only instrument used to assess the acceptance of pain in people who suffer chronic pain. The...
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  13. [Lexico-semantic processing in Williams syndrome].

    Psicothema 22(4):732 (2010) PMID 21044506

    People with Williams syndrome, a neurodevelopmental genetic syndrome, typically have good language skills as compared to other cognitive abilities, as far as intellectual disability is concerned. They have a large vocabulary and they frequently use uncommon or rarely-used words. This has led som...
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  14. [Types of responses in 4-5-year-old children in conservation, classification, and theory of mind tasks].

    Psicothema 22(4):772 (2010) PMID 21044512

    This study analyzes the type of responses that children between 4 and 5 years of age give to different tasks: conservation, classification and tasks of the theory of mind (ToM). Types of responses were observed with the Observation of Cognitive and Meta-cognitive Skills Inventory, which identifi...
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  15. [The performance of school integration according to the perception of specialist teachers in therapeutic pedagogy].

    Psicothema 22(4):797 (2010) PMID 21044516

    The main purpose of this article is to analyse the perception that specialist teachers in therapeutic pedagogy have of the integration of students with specific needs for educational support. Diverse groups of students are differentiated. More specifically, it aims to know how teachers perceive ...
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  16. Computer-mediated communication and time pressure induce higher cardiovascular responses in the preparatory and execution phases of cooperative tasks.

    Psicothema 22(4):697 (2010) PMID 21044500

    The cardiovascular (CV) response to social challenge and stress is associated with the etiology of cardiovascular diseases. New ways of communication, time pressure and different types of information are common in our society. In this study, the cardiovascular response to two different tasks (op...
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  17. [Comorbidity between SCARED anxiety factors and depressive symptomatology in 8- to 12-year-old children].

    Psicothema 22(4):613 (2010) PMID 21044487

    The aim of this study was to examine the comorbidity between the SCARED anxiety factors and depressive symptoms in 8-12-year-old children. Participants were 792 girls and 715 boys, who completed: the 41-ítem version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorder (SCARED), the Childre...
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  18. Response to Intervention (RtI) Model: a promising alternative for identifying students with learning disabilities?

    Psicothema 22(4):932 (2010) PMID 21044534

    Until recently, in the United States, the traditional way to identify students with Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) was through the discrepancy model where student IQs were compared to their level of achievement. However, educators and researchers alike have questioned this model as a means...
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  19. [Perception of the teaching-learning process and academic achievement in diverse instructional contexts of Higher Education].

    Psicothema 22(4):806 (2010) PMID 21044517

    In Higher Education, performance and Teaching-Learning (T-L) contexts are highly current concerns. Based on the DEDEPRO model, interdependence can be established between instructional contexts and levels of performance as they relate to the T-L process. Partitipants were 2020 pupils from two Spa...
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  20. [Toward a deeper understanding of motivation towards exercise: measurement of integrated regulation in the Spanish context].

    Psicothema 22(4):841 (2010) PMID 21044522

    The purpose of this study was to validate the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire in the Spanish context, including items to measure integrated regulation. Participants were 524 exercisers, mean age 29.59 years. The results revealed acceptable fit indices in the confirmatory factor ...
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