Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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- Ebscoatoz, CSA, Ovid from 2000, Ebsconet, Wiley from 1987, Ebsco, Gale, and Proquest
Efficacy and safety of antiviral combination therapy in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is presently not established and consequently CHC is rarely treated in CD patients. To analyse the efficacy and tolerability of antiviral interferon/ribavirin therapy in patie...
The use of exclusive enteral nutrition to treat paediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is widely accepted, although the precise mechanism(s) of action remains speculative. To investigate the changes to key intestinal bacterial groups of Eubacteria, Bacteroides, Clostridium coccoides, Clostridium leptum...
In mild acute pancreatitis, traditional treatment has been initial fasting and oral refeeding with clear liquids to prevent adverse gastrointestinal events such as pain. The diet is gradually progressed to soft solids and hospital discharge is planned based on patients' tolerance to a solid diet...
Despite wide availability of physician guidelines for safer use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and widespread use of these drugs in the US, NSAID prescribing guidelines have been only modestly effective. To identify and describe comprehensively barriers to provider adherence to...
Tissue transglutaminase (TTG) antibodies and newly developed deamidated gliadin peptide (DGP) antibodies have better accuracy than native gliadin antibodies. Multiplex immunoassay (MIA) measures multiple antibodies simultaneously providing a complete antibody phenotype with reduced turnaround ti...
The thiopurines, azathioprine (AZA) and mercaptopurine are extensively used in Crohn's discase (CD). Thiopurine bioactivation can be diverted by either thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT), or by xanthine oxidase/dehydrogenase (XOD) which forms 6-thiouric acid (6TU). To investigate whether chroni...
A partially hydrolysed and dried product of pacific whiting fish is marketed as a health food supplement supporting 'intestinal health'. To examine whether the partially hydrolysed and dried product of pacific whiting fish influenced the small intestinal damaging side effects of the nonsteroidal...
Many oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) formulations are designed to maximize 5-ASA release in the colon where it acts topically on the colonic mucosa. Delayed-release formulations and azo-prodrugs minimize 5-ASA absorption in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. To review methods for assessin...
Hepatotoxicity results in the withdrawal of thiopurines drugs, azathioprine (AZA) and mercaptopurine (MP), in up to 10% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Our group previously demonstrated that allopurinol with AZA/ciclosporin/steroid 'triple therapy' improved renal graft survival. To ...
The evidence on whether antioxidant supplements prevent gastrointestinal cancers is contradictory. To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of antioxidant supplements in preventing gastrointestinal cancers. Using the Cochrane Collaboration methodology, we reviewed the randomized trials compa...