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Do we have a moral obligation to synthesize organisms to increase biodiversity? On kinship, awe, and the value of life's diversity.
Synthetic biology can be understood as expanding the abilities and aspirations of genetic engineering. Nonetheless, whereas genetic engineering has been subject to criticism due to its endangering biodiversity, synthetic biology may actually appear to prove advantageous for biodiversity. After all,...
The substance view: a critique.
I cover three distinct reductio charges directed at the substance view's conclusion that human fetuses have the same intrinsic value and moral standing as adult human beings. After giving consideration to defenders of the substance view's replies to these charges, I then critique each of them, ultim...
The ethics of sham surgery in Parkinson's disease: back to the future?
Despite intense academic debate in the recent past over the use of 'sham surgery' control groups in research, there has been a recent resurgence in their use in the field of neurodegenerative disease. Yet the primacy of ethical arguments in favour of sham surgery controls is not yet established. Pre...
Is homeopathy really 'morally and ethically unacceptable'? A critique of pure scientism.
We show that Kevin Smith's moral and ethical rejections of homeopathy(1) are fallacious and rest on questionable epistemology. Further, we suggest Smith's presumption of a utilitarian stance is an example of scientism encroaching into medicine. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd....
Autism beyond pediatrics: why bioethicists ought to rethink consent in light of chronicity and genetic identity.
Autism is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder that presents unique challenges to bioethicists. In particular, bioethicists ought to reconsider pediatric consent in light of disparity between beliefs that are held about the disorder by parents and adults with autism. The neurodivers...
Many thanks to bioethics reviewers.
Racist appearance standards and the enhancements that love them: Norman Daniels and skin-lightening cosmetics.
I argue that Daniels's expansive view of the requirements of justice in meeting health needs offers some support for recognizing a societal obligation to provide this kind of 'enhancement,' in light of the strong connections between skin tone and health outcomes. On balance, however, Daniels's frame...
TOTAL BRAIN DEATH: A REPLY TO ALAN SHEWMON.
We show that Shewmon's argument against this criterion is unsound, though he does refute the standard argument for that criterion. We advance a distinct argument for the total brain death criterion and answer likely objections. Since human beings are rational animals - sentient organisms of a specif...
Exploitations and their complications: the necessity of identifying the multiple forms of exploitation in pharmaceutical trials.
I have two primary goals. First, I will argue for a taxonomy of exploitation that identifies three distinct forms of exploitation. While each of these forms of exploitation has its critics, I will argue that they can each be developed into plausible accounts of exploitation tied to different vulnera...
Advance directives in Turkey's cultural context: examining the potential benefits for the implementation of patient rights.
Advance directives are not a part of the healthcare service in Turkey. This may be related with the fact that paternalism is common among the healthcare professionals in the country, and patients are not yet integrated in the decision-making process adequately. However, starting from the enactment o...