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Poultry as reservoir for extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli O45:K1:H7-B2-ST95 in humans.
Escherichia coli strains O45:K1:H7 are implicated in severe human infections such as meningitis. Since an increasing prevalence of serogroup O45 among avian pathogenic (APEC) and human extraintestinal pathogenic (ExPEC) E. coli strains isolated in Spain have been noticed, the aims of the present stu...
The Vibrio campbellii quorum sensing signals have a different impact on virulence of the bacterium towards different crustacean hosts.
We show that although they use a common signal transduction cascade, the signal molecules have a different impact on the virulence of the bacterium towards different hosts, i.e. the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana and the commercially important giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Thes...
Molecular identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of Nocardia spp. isolated from bovine mastitis in Brazil.
Nocardia spp. infections can cause severe damage to the mammary gland due to suppurative pyogranulomatous lesions and lack of clinical cure in response to conventional antimicrobial therapy. Although Nocardia infections are considered relatively uncommon in cows, there has been an apparent worldwide...
Rare serotype occurrence and PFGE genotypic diversity of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from tilapia in China.
We reported 10 PEGE types of 85 tilapia Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS), which shifted from Streptococcus iniae in China, by using PEGE method. Presently, larger and more representative tilapia GBS were isolated, for the first time in China, to characterize their serotypes and genetic diversities mor...
Investigation of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) hindgut microbiome via 16S pyrosequencing.
We performed 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing of caecum, colon and faecal pellet samples from two wild, free ranging, Queensland koalas. Our results reveal a highly complex and diverse ecosystem with considerable intra-individual variation. Although samples were dominated by sequences from the Bacteroid...
The effect of bacterial dose and foal age at challenge on Rhodococcus equi infection.
While Rhodococcus equi remains the most common cause of subacute or chronic granulomatous bronchopneumonia in foals, development of a relevant model to study R. equi infection has proven difficult. The objective of this study was to identify a challenge dose of R. equi that resulted in slow progress...
Molecular typing of fowl adenoviruses, isolated in Hungary recently, reveals high diversity.
Molecular typing of 26 recent fowl adenovirus (FAdV) isolates obtained in Eastern Hungary between 2006 and 2011 was performed. The viruses were isolated on primary chicken embryo liver cell cultures from carcasses of chickens, sent for diagnostic investigation. The isolates were subjected to a PCR t...
Further characteristics of Arcanobacterium canis, a novel species of genus Arcanobacterium.
Comparable to previously conducted phenotypical and genotypical investigations characterizing Arcanobacterium canis, a newly described species with the type strain A. canis DSM 25104 isolated from an otitis externa of a dog, four additional A. canis strains isolated from infections of three dogs and...
Identification of two new antigen epitopes on the putative capsid protein encoded by torque teno sus virus type 1 ORF1.
Torque teno sus virus type 1 (TTSuV1) ORF1 is considered to encode the viral capsid (Cap) protein, which is crucial for the induction of TTSuV1-specific antibodies and protective immunity in the host. Eight monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against the Cap protein were generated and biologically...
Evidence of transplacental transmission of bluetongue virus serotype 8 in goats.
During the incursion of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 8 in Europe, an increase in the number of abortions in ruminants was observed. Transplacental transmission of BTV-8 in cattle and sheep, with subsequent foetal infection, is a feature of this specific bluetongue serotype. In this study, BTV-8 a...