Forensic Science International
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Markers of acidosis and stress in a sprint versus a conducted electrical weapon.
Both profound acidosis and catecholamine excess have been proposed as underlying physiologic derangements in subjects at high risk for arrest related death (ARD). In this study, the objective was to determine a level of physical exertion that is "equivalent" in terms of levels of acidosis and catech...
Rib fractures at postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) validated against the autopsy.
To evaluate the sensitivity of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) in rib fracture detection validated against autopsy. Fifty-one forensic cases underwent a postmortem CT prior to forensic autopsy. Two image readers (radiologist and forensic pathologist) assessed high resolution CT data sets for r...
The human DNA content in artifacts deposited by the blowfly Lucilia cuprina fed human blood, semen and saliva.
Adult flies of some species are known to be attracted to crime scenes where they feed on the proteinaceous decomposition products of dead bodies. The flies leave deposits through excretion and regurgitation, and these artifacts often appear morphologically similar to bloodstains. To date, little con...
Digital forensics: An Analytical Crime Scene Procedure Model (ACSPM).
We suggest in this paper is supposed to fill in this gap. The proposed analytical procedure model for digital investigations at a crime scene is developed and defined for crime scene practitioners; with main focus on crime scene digital forensic procedures, other than that of whole digital investiga...
Toxicological analysis of formalin-fixed or embalmed tissues: A review.
During the autopsy of forensic cases, when there is no suspicion of drug use or chemical exposure, biological fluids may not be obtained for toxicological analysis, while specimens of tissues may be collected and preserved in a formalin solution for histological examination. When specific questions...
On the value of probability for evaluating results of comparative pattern analyses.
This letter to the Editor comments on the article Practical relevance of pattern uniqueness in forensic science by P.T. Jayaprakash (Forensic Science International, in press). Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Analytical characterization of some synthetic cannabinoids, derivatives of indole-3-carboxylic acid.
By means of gas chromatography with high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS), ultra-high performance liquid chromatography in combination with high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR),...
Artificial neural network analysis of hydrocarbon profiles for the ageing of Lucilia sericata for post mortem interval estimation.
In analytical chemistry large datasets are collected using a variety of instruments for multiple tasks, where manual analysis can be time-consuming. Ideally, it is desirable to automate this process while obtaining an acceptable level of accuracy, two aims that artificial neural networks (ANNs) can...
Monitoring of urinary metabolites of JWH-018 and JWH-073 in legal cases.
We selected the major metabolites of JWH-018 and JWH-073, namely (ω)-, (ω-1)-hydroxy, carboxy and 6-hydroxyindole metabolites, and validated a method for the quantification of these metabolites using solid-phase extraction based on LC-MS/MS analysis. Authentic urine specimens obtained from drug offe...
Detection of anionic energetic material residues in enhanced fingermarks on porous and non-porous surfaces using ion chromatography.
The ability to link criminal activity and identity using validated analytical approaches can be of great value to forensic scientists. Herein, the factors affecting the recovery and detection of inorganic and organic energetic material residues within chemically or physically enhanced fingermarks on...