Forensic Science International
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Experimental studies on the tensile properties of human umbilical cords.
We found no relationship between the force endured and any of the following parameters: birth weight, pH of the venous umbilical blood, diameter of cord, free length under testing, duration of pregnancy or the mother's age. We performed a literature research and tried to define the circumstances in...
Three-dimensional computer-assisted craniometrics: a comparison of the uncertainty in measurement induced by surface reconstruction performe...
Digital investigation of anthropological material through computed tomography (CT) offers several new opportunities in morphometrics. However, an object measured with computer-assisted methods does not necessarily exactly match the original one. The scanning and surface reconstruction of the object i...
Quantitative analysis of methamphetamine in hair of children removed from clandestine laboratories--evidence of passive exposure?
In New Zealand many children have been removed from clandestine laboratories following Police intervention. In the last few years it has become standard procedure that these children have hair samples taken and these samples are submitted to the laboratory for analysis. There are various mechanisms f...
Measurement of airborne gunshot particles in a ballistics laboratory by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
The present study aimed determines lead (Pb), antimony (Sb) and barium (Ba) as the major elements present in GSR in the environmental air of the Ballistics Laboratory of the São Paulo Criminalistics Institute (I.C.-S.P.), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Micro environmental monitors (mini samplers) were loca...
Quantitation using GC-TOF-MS: example of bromazepam.
Time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) offers new perspectives for forensic toxicology. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of a mixture of three selected benzodiazepines (diazepam, nordazepam and bromazepam) were used to compare gas chromatography (GC-TOF-MS, quadrupole GC-MS, GC-ECD) and liqu...
Collective poisoning with hallucinogenous herbal tea.
An incident wherein more than 30 people were poisoned with a herbal infusion during a meditation session is described. The clinical features observed were hallucinations, aggression, agitation, amnesia, mydriasis, dry skin, tachycardia, hyperthermia, hypotension, collapse, coma and respiratory depre...
Characterisation of 0.22 caliber rimfire gunshot residues by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS): a preliminary study.
The application of time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) for the characterisation of gunshot residue (GSR) from 0.22 caliber rimfire ammunition is reported. Results obtained by TOF-SIMS were compared with conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies. As could be expect...
Image analysis of gunshot residue on entry wounds. I--The technique and preliminary study.
An automated image analysis (IA) technique has been developed to obtain a measure of the amount (i.e. number and area) of gunshot residue (GSR) particles within and around a gunshot wound. Sample preparation and IA procedures were standardised to improve the reproducibility of the IA measurements of...
Allelic frequency distribution for three VNTR markers--D6S132, D7S467, D17S26--in Rio de Janeiro population, Brazil.
A sample population of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was tested for D6S132, D7S467, and D17S26 VNTR loci to determine the fixed-bin frequencies of alleles. RFLP analysis was obtained by HaeIII-digested genomic DNA. The three VNTR loci meet Hardy-Weinberg expectations, and there is no evidence for associat...
Sudden death of an 18-year-old man with homocystinuria and intracranial inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT).
An 18-year-old mentally deficient man with well-known homocystinuria died suddenly within a few minutes. He had a history of severe oligophrenia, bilateral ectopia lentis requiring extraction of both lenses and operatively corrected genu valgum on both sides. In 1993 a hypergammaglobulinemia was not...