Forensic Science International
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Raman spectroscopy offers great potential for the nondestructive confirmatory identification of body fluids.
Raman spectroscopy was used to compare body fluids commonly found at crime scenes in a nondestructive manner. The dry traces of semen, vaginal fluid, sweat, saliva, and blood were analyzed using confocal Raman microscopy with a 785-nm excitation. The results show that the five fluids can be differen...
An experimental investigation of the indirect transfer and deposition of gunshot residue: Further studies carried out with SEM-EDX analysis.
Experiments were undertaken in order to explore the potential for gunshot residue (GSR) particles to undergo tertiary transfer, and to be deposited on individuals in the vicinity of a firearm discharge. Samples were taken from hands following a series of test-firings. SEM-EDX with automated detectio...
Normal cranial postmortem CT findings in children.
We selected all consecutive pediatric autopsies that were performed at the Netherlands Forensic Institute in the period 1-1-2008 to 31-12-2011, whereby the subject underwent total body PMCT. We collected data on age at death, gender, cause of death determined by forensic autopsy and time between dea...
Analysis of morphological characteristics and expression levels of extracellular matrix proteins in skin wounds to determine wound age in li...
Wound age determination in living subjects is important in routine diagnostics in forensic medicine. Macroscopical description of a wound to determine wound age however is inadequate. The aim of this study was to assess whether it would be feasible to determine wound age via analysis of morphologica...
A new method to determine wound age in early vital skin injuries: a probability scoring system using expression levels of Fibronectin, CD62p...
In forensic autopsies it is important to determine the age of early vital skin wounds as accurate as possible. In addition to inflammation, coagulation is also induced in vital wounds. Analysis of blood coagulation markers in wound hemorrhage could therefore be an important additional discriminating...
Polyacrylamide hydrogel pulmonary embolism--A fatal consequence of an illegal cosmetic vaginal tightening procedure: A case report.
We report a case of death due to the non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism as a consequence of illegal cosmetic vaginal-tightening procedure using polyacrylamide hydrogel. A 34-year-old woman was hospitalized with paroxysmal abdominal cramps and diarrhea as initial symptoms, while she concealed the geni...
Conditional probability distribution (CPD) method in temperature based death time estimation: Error propagation analysis.
We derive formulae to quantify the CPD error as a function of input error. Moreover we observed the paradox, that in cases, in which the small no-alibi time interval is located at the boundary of the true death time interval, adjacent to the erroneous death time estimate, CPD-computed probabilities...
GPR and bulk ground resistivity surveys in graveyards: locating unmarked burials in contrasting soil types.
With graveyards and cemeteries globally being increasingly designated as full, there is a growing need to identify unmarked burial positions to find burial space or exhume and re-inter if necessary. In some countries, for example the U.S. and U.K., burial sites are not usually re-used; however, most...
Evaluation of the ventilatory effects of the prone maximum restraint (PMR) position on obese human subjects.
We designed an experimental, randomized, cross-over trial in human subjects conducted at a university exercise physiology laboratory. Ten otherwise healthy, obese (BMI>30) subjects performed a period of heavy exertion on a cycling ergometer to 85% of maximum heart rate, and then were placed in one o...
Pupal age estimation of forensically important Megaselia scalaris (Loew) (Diptera: Phoridae).
In addition to causing myiasis in humans and animals, Megaselia scalaris (Loew) has been reported as a forensically important fly. The determination of a minimum postmortem interval (PMI) often relies on the determination of the age of the larvae and pupae. The pupal stage represents about 50% of th...