International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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Participation in productive activities and depression among older Europeans: survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE).
Although engagement in productive activities is associated with favourable outcomes with respect to the health and well-being of older individuals, the association between such activities and depression in older populations remains relatively unexplored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the...
The impact of cognitive deficit on self-reported car crashes in ultra-octogenarian population: data of an Italian population-based study.
To examine the usefulness of specific neurocognitive tests for predicting the crash involvement in ultra-octogenarian population. A total of 800 subjects (mean age 82.4 + 3.1 years) underwent a battery of neuropsychological tests. Global intellectual functioning was assessed using the Mini Mental St...
Longitudinal testing of visual perception in dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease.
We studied the progression of visuo-perceptual abnormalities over a 12-month period in DLB and AD by using a novel computerised test battery. Following our previous work using the Newcastle Visual Perception (NEVIP) battery, we re-assessed 16 AD, 12 DLB and 28 similar-aged comparison participants 12...
Depressive symptoms in older people with metabolic syndrome: is there a relationship with inflammation?
To investigate if there is a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people with metabolic syndrome (MetS) compared with those without and whether dedpressive symptoms are independently associated to MetS and its single components and to the inflammatory markers. Physical parameters, stand...
Cognitive impairment in primary ambulatory health care: pharmacotherapy and the use of potentially inappropriate medicine.
Drug intake is associated with a risk of drug-related problems, for example, the intake of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM), especially for cognitively impaired individuals. The proportion of PIM taken by immobile individuals, especially patients with suspicion of dementia in the AGnES stu...
Screening for cognitive impairment in older general hospital patients: comparison of the six-item cognitive impairment test with the mini-me...
Development of a delirium risk screening tool for long-term care facilities.
The cohort comprised 206 residents without delirium at baseline; 69 cases of incident delirium were observed (rate 7.6 per 100 person weeks). The best-performing screening tool comprised five items, with an overall area under the curve of 0.82 (95% CI 0.76, 0.88). These items included brief measures...
Nijmegen observer-rated depression scale for detection of depression in nursing home residents.
Five of the six proposed items showed acceptable performance in screening for depression. Receiver operating characteristic analyses revealed significant areas under the empirical curve (AUC) for the 5-item NORD scale in the total sample (AUC = 0.83, p < 0.001), as well as in residents with...
Effectiveness of group music intervention against agitated behavior in elderly persons with dementia.
This study explored the effectiveness of group music intervention against agitated behavior in elderly persons with dementia. This was an experimental study using repeated measurements. Subjects were elderly persons who suffered from dementia and resided in nursing facilities. In total, 104 participa...
Structured analyses of interventions to prevent delirium.
Delirium is one of the most serious complications in hospitalized elderly, with incidences ranging from 3-56%. The objective of this meta-analysis was two-fold, first to investigate if interventions to prevent delirium are effective and second to explore which factors increase the effectiveness of t...