Renal Failure

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  1. The evaluation incidence and risk factors of mortality among patients with end stage renal disease in southeast Turkey.

    Renal Failure 30(1):37 (2008) PMID 18197541

    End stage renal disease (ESRD) presents with higher morbidity and mortality with respect to the general population. In recent study, the causes of mortality and associated risk factors in ESRD have been evaluated. In this study, 1538 patients diagnosed with ESRD in 10-year period were evaluated ...
  2. Prevalence of 4977bp deletion in mitochondrial DNA from patients with chronic kidney disease receiving conservative treatment or hemodialysis in southern Brazil.

    Renal Failure 30(1):9 (2008) PMID 18197537

    Damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been described in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The presence of mtDNA 4977bp deletion in many different tissues can serve as a marker of this damage. However, no attempt has been made to detect the presence of mtDNA 4977bp in blood cells of p...
  3. BNP-mediated vasodilatation for dialysis-dependent patient with acute heart failure syndrome in the emergency department.

    Renal Failure 30(1):45 (2008) PMID 18197542

    Acutely decompensated heart failure syndrome is a common emergency department presentation in patients with renal failure. B-type natriuretic peptide-mediated vasodilatation may provide a unique bridge in renal failure patients with acutely decompensated heart failure syndrome to treatment with ...
  4. Does renin-angiotensin aldosterone system blockade exacerbate contrast-induced nephropathy in patients with chronic kidney disease? A prospective 50-month Mayo Clinic study.

    Renal Failure 30(1):67 (2008) PMID 18197546

    Contrast induced nephropathy, a leading cause of new-onset renal failure in U.S. hospitals, may be accelerated by concurrent RAAS blockade in CKD patients. Current literature is inconclusive. Between September 2002 and February 2005, we prospectively enrolled all CKD patients on RAAS blockade wh...
  5. Snakebite-induced acute kidney injury: data from Southeast Anatolia.

    Renal Failure 30(1):51 (2008) PMID 18197543

    Renal failure is an important complication of snakebite and a major cause of mortality. We aimed to study the clinical profile of snake envenomation in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey, in an adult population. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 200 snakebite victims from 1998 to 2006 at the Di...
  6. Renal function in male Sprague-Dawley rats concurrently exposed to long-term nicotine (3-{1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl}pyridine) and methylated spirits (methyl alcohol).

    Renal Failure 30(1):107 (2008) PMID 18197551

    Abuse of nicotine and methylated spirits is a global problem. The current study determined the concurrent influence of nicotine and methylated spirits on renal hemodynamics. Two series of experimental protocols were designed: conscious and anesthetized vehicle loading. Conscious animals received...
  7. The quality of hemodialysis in patients with mental retardation.

    Renal Failure 30(1):63 (2008) PMID 18197545

    Mentally retarded renal failure patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) comprise a small group of HD patients. There was no previous study describing how to manage these patients during HD and if they could achieve adequate dialysis quality. We reported seven cases of mentally retarded patients wit...
  8. Late onset azotemia from RAAS blockade in CKD patients with normal renal arteries and no precipitating risk factors.

    Renal Failure 30(1):73 (2008) PMID 18197547

    Despite proven renoprotection from RAAS blockade and its increased application since the early 1990s, we have experienced an increasing CKD/ESRD epidemic, especially among U.S. diabetics. Consequently, some concerns regarding iatrogenic azotemia from RAAS blockade have surfaced. We hypothesized ...
  9. TGF-beta1 gene polymorphisms and peritoneal equilibration test results in CAPD patients.

    Renal Failure 30(1):15 (2008) PMID 18197538

    Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) stimulates the expression of collagen mRNA in cultured human peritoneal mesangial cells, which may predispose them to developing peritoneal fibrosis. Polymorphisms in the signal sequence genetically may be responsible for increased TGF-beta1 productio...
  10. Cystatin C does not detect acute changes in glomerular filtration rate in early diabetic nephropathy.

    Renal Failure 30(1):21 (2008) PMID 18197539

    The measurement of renal functional reserve (acute change in glomerular filtration rate [GFR] after protein load) allows the detection of sub-clinical renal dysfunction and has prognostic implications in diabetes. Our aim was to test cystatin C as an index of GFR and renal functional reserve. GF...
  11. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection and outcome of hemodialysis and kidney transplant patients.

    Renal Failure 30(1):81 (2008) PMID 18197548

    A comparison of the outcome of hepatitis virus-positive and -negative kidney transplant and hemodialysis patients was the aim of this investigation. The study involved 384 kidney transplant patients (67 HBsAg positive, 39 anti-HCV positive, 278 hepatitis negative), transplanted between 1987 and ...
  12. Patient education: an efficient adjuvant therapy for hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients.

    Renal Failure 30(1):57 (2008) PMID 18197544

    Hemodialysis and phosphate (P) binder therapy are the major methods to reduce the phosphate level in dialysis patients. However, dietary P restriction is necessary for adequate control. The successful dietary control is based on patient compliance. Patient education is the best method to assure ...
  13. Transient renal tubulopathy: a case report.

    Renal Failure 30(1):121 (2008) PMID 18197553

    A five-year-old boy was evaluated for fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea lasting two days. Chest radiograph revealed a left bronchopneumonia. Metabolic work-up demonstrated phosphaturia, glucosuria, calciuria, proteinuria, profound hypophosphatemia, hypouricemia, borderline hypomagnes...
  14. Regeneration of peritoneal mesothelium in a rat model of peritoneal fibrosis.

    Renal Failure 30(1):97 (2008) PMID 18197550

    Patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis develop progressive peritoneal fibrosis and loss of mesothelial layer. Regeneration of the mesothelium has been reported in the normal peritoneum but not the fibrotic peritoneum. Moreover, the origin of the regenerated mesothelial cells remains obscure. ...
  15. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase as a potential target for the treatment of acute renal injury caused by lipopolysaccharide.

    Renal Failure 30(1):115 (2008) PMID 18197552

    Recent studies have clearly reported that there is a relationship between endotoxemia and acute renal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether treatment with the new potent PARP inhibitor PJ34 could prevent the acute renal injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Endotoxemia w...
  16. Bacterial colonization in hemodialysis temporary dual lumen catheters: a prospective study.

    Renal Failure 30(1):31 (2008) PMID 18197540

    The use of hemodialysis temporary dual-lumen catheters is often complicated by infections, which may be a significant cause of death among patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of bacteremia and bacterial colonization related to non-tunne...
  17. Protective effects of vitamin C on cisplatin-induced renal damage: a light and electron microscopic study.

    Renal Failure 30(1):1 (2008) PMID 18197536

    The present study was performed to investigate whether the chronic administration of antioxidant vitamin C provided morphological protection on cisplatin-induced renal damage. Wistar albino male rats were divided into control and two experiment groups, each consisting of six rats. Cisplatin (5 m...
  18. Cystatin C and preeclampsia: a case control study.

    Renal Failure 30(1):89 (2008) PMID 18197549

    Pregnancy increases plasma cystatin C, but levels are much higher in preeclampsia. Previous studies have not quantified preeclampsia risk with varying cystatin C concentrations or adjusted for confounders. We performed a case-control study of 100 preeclampsia cases and 100 random pregnancies unc...
  19. Oxidized LDL accumulation in experimental renal ischemia reperfusion injury model.

    Renal Failure 29(4):409 (2007) PMID 17497461

    The aim of this study was to identify oxidative damage of kidney during ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) by evaluating changes in lipid peroxidation markers in tissue and blood by an experimental model. Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) was used as an oxidative stress biomarker, whereas paraoxonase (PON-1)...
  20. Successful treatment of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in association with mantle cell lymphoma.

    Renal Failure 29(3):363 (2007) PMID 17497453