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End stage renal disease (ESRD) presents with higher morbidity and mortality with respect to the general population. In recent study, the causes of mortality and associated risk factors in ESRD have been evaluated. In this study, 1538 patients diagnosed with ESRD in 10-year period were evaluated ...
Mentally retarded renal failure patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) comprise a small group of HD patients. There was no previous study describing how to manage these patients during HD and if they could achieve adequate dialysis quality. We reported seven cases of mentally retarded patients wit...
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) stimulates the expression of collagen mRNA in cultured human peritoneal mesangial cells, which may predispose them to developing peritoneal fibrosis. Polymorphisms in the signal sequence genetically may be responsible for increased TGF-beta1 productio...
Acutely decompensated heart failure syndrome is a common emergency department presentation in patients with renal failure. B-type natriuretic peptide-mediated vasodilatation may provide a unique bridge in renal failure patients with acutely decompensated heart failure syndrome to treatment with ...
The measurement of renal functional reserve (acute change in glomerular filtration rate [GFR] after protein load) allows the detection of sub-clinical renal dysfunction and has prognostic implications in diabetes. Our aim was to test cystatin C as an index of GFR and renal functional reserve. GF...
Contrast induced nephropathy, a leading cause of new-onset renal failure in U.S. hospitals, may be accelerated by concurrent RAAS blockade in CKD patients. Current literature is inconclusive. Between September 2002 and February 2005, we prospectively enrolled all CKD patients on RAAS blockade wh...
A comparison of the outcome of hepatitis virus-positive and -negative kidney transplant and hemodialysis patients was the aim of this investigation. The study involved 384 kidney transplant patients (67 HBsAg positive, 39 anti-HCV positive, 278 hepatitis negative), transplanted between 1987 and ...
Patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis develop progressive peritoneal fibrosis and loss of mesothelial layer. Regeneration of the mesothelium has been reported in the normal peritoneum but not the fibrotic peritoneum. Moreover, the origin of the regenerated mesothelial cells remains obscure. ...
A five-year-old boy was evaluated for fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea lasting two days. Chest radiograph revealed a left bronchopneumonia. Metabolic work-up demonstrated phosphaturia, glucosuria, calciuria, proteinuria, profound hypophosphatemia, hypouricemia, borderline hypomagnes...
The present study was performed to investigate whether the chronic administration of antioxidant vitamin C provided morphological protection on cisplatin-induced renal damage. Wistar albino male rats were divided into control and two experiment groups, each consisting of six rats. Cisplatin (5 m...