Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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- Proquest, Ovid from 2000, LWW, and CSA
A prospective study of intrafamilial oropharyngeal transmission of kingella kingae.
We conducted a prospective study among pairs of siblings. We found that 55% of children who suffered from osteoarticular infections due to K. kingae, and 40% of asymptomatic carriers of K. kingae had siblings with positive oropharyngeal carriage....
Human Herpesvirus 8 Disease: (Last updated November 6, 2013; last reviewed November 6, 2013).
Mycobacterium tuberculosis: (Last updated November 6, 2013; last reviewed November 6, 2013).
Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cord cleansing on the bacteriologic profile of the newborn umbilical stump in rural Sylhet District, Bangladesh...
: Randomized trials from South Asia indicate umbilical cord chlorhexidine cleansing reduces mortality and omphalitis. No community-based data are available on bacteriological profile of the cord, early neonatal colonization dynamics, or impact of cord cleansing on colonizing organism...
Evaluation of haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine for routine immunization in Nepali infants.
We determined the immunogenicity of HibCV in Nepali infants, before its introduction into the routine immunization schedule. : Ninety infants recruited at Patan Hospital, Kathmandu, received 3 doses of the HibCV with routine immunizations (diphtheria, tetanus, whole cell pertussis-he...
Antibiotic susceptibility of Kingella kingae isolates from children with skeletal system infections.
Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers as a correlate of protection for inactivated influenza vaccines in children.
: The use of the 1:40 HI adult correlate of protection is not appropriate when evaluating influenza vaccines in children. Although a cutoff of 1:110 may be used to predict the conventional 50% clinical protection rate, a titer of 1:330 would predict an 80% protective level, which would seem to be mor...
Genetic differences between invasive and noninvasive neonatal group B streptococcal isolates.
: Our results illustrate a large molecular diversity among neonatal noninvasive GBS strains. Invasive strains, however, represent only a small proportion of the noninvasive GBS population. These findings suggest a selection process that prefers more virulent strains during invasion....
Increased risk of death in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children with pneumococcal meningitis in South Africa, 2003-2005.
: Pneumococcal meningitis is associated with a high case-fatality ratio among South African children and this is increased by HIV coinfection. Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy and a catch-up program for pneumococcal conjugate vaccine among HIV-infected and malnourished children could reduc...
Secular trends in antibiotic use among neonates: 2001-2008.
We performed a prospective cohort study between 2001 and 2008 to monitor antibiotic consumption among neonates. In parallel, we initiated a policy to shorten antibiotic therapy for clinical sepsis and for infections caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci and to discontinue preemptive treatment w...