Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

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  1. Aplastic anemia following varicella vaccine.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):746 (2009) PMID 19633522

    Varicella zoster vaccine is a safe vaccine that is rarely associated with life-threatening complications. We describe an immunocompetent child who developed transient severe aplastic anemia concomitant with a typical clinical and laboratory-proven chickenpox syndrome 3 weeks after immunization. ...
  2. Long-term linezolid treatment in a young child with extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):748 (2009) PMID 19633523

    Treatment of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a challenge. We describe a young child with pulmonary XDR-TB who did not respond to an aggressive multidrug-resistant TB treatment regimen, but was cured with linezolid in combination with other reserve antituberculous drugs. No se...
  3. Visceral leishmaniasis associated hemophagocytic syndrome in patients with chronic granulomatous disease.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):753 (2009) PMID 19633526

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a severe form of infection caused by a parasite endemic along the Mediterranean coast. Complications such as infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome can occur despite correct therapy. We report visceral leishmaniasis-associated infection-associated hemophagocytic s...
  4. Renal and miliary tuberculosis in an internationally adopted infant.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):751 (2009) PMID 19633525

    Renal tuberculosis is rare in children and particularly in infants. We present a case of miliary tuberculosis with focal renal involvement in a 5-month-old male infant recently adopted from Ethiopia, and review the literature on miliary and renal tuberculosis in infants and children. Salient poi...
  5. The tragic 1824 journey of the Hawaiian king and queen to London: history of measles in Hawaii.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):728 (2009) PMID 19633516

    The susceptibility of isolated island-based populations to acute infections like measles is well documented, most clearly in Fiji and the Faröe Islands. We review the remarkably tragic 1824 journey of King Kamehameha II and Queen Kamamalu of Hawaii to London and the later enormous impact of meas...
  6. Emerging macrolide resistance in Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children: detection and characterization of resistant isolates.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):693 (2009) PMID 19633515

    Epidemiologic data from Asia have documented the rapid and extensive emergence of macrolide resistance in Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This drug resistance has also been documented in Europe and recently in the United States, but there is very little information currently available on its prevalence. ...
  7. Symptomatic and pathophysiologic predictors of hepatitis C virus progression in pediatric patients.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):724 (2009) PMID 19593250 PMCID PMC2990981

    The slow progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection could ultimately negatively impact pediatric patients during their lifespan. This study describes the symptomatic and pathophysiologic presentation of HCV infection in a cohort of pediatric outpatients. HCV-positive patients were identifi...
  8. An outbreak of varicella in elementary school children with two-dose varicella vaccine recipients--Arkansas, 2006.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):678 (2009) PMID 19593254

    In June 2006, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) expanded its June 2005 recommendation for a second dose of varicella vaccine during outbreaks to a recommendation for routine school entry second dose varicella vaccination. In October 2006, the Arkansas Department of Health w...
  9. Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Navajo and White Mountain Apache children before the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):711 (2009) PMID 19593248

    Infants and children are frequently colonized with pneumococcus. Recent nasopharyngeal acquisition of pneumococcus is thought to precede disease episodes. The increased risk of pneumococcal disease among Navajo and White Mountain Apache populations has been documented. Little is known about the ...
  10. Association of Staphylococcus aureus colonization in parturient mothers and their babies.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):742 (2009) PMID 19633520

    We recruited a total of 499 mothers and their 501 newborn babies to investigate whether infants acquire Staphylococcus aureus from their mothers. Of the 22 mother-baby paired S. aureus isolates, 11 (50%) paired isolates were unrelated, 1 pair related, and 10 pairs (45%) indistinguishable. Newbor...
  11. Seroprotection to Haemophilus influenzae type b infection in a healthy population of Guangzhou, China.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):757 (2009) PMID 19633529

  12. The likelihood of an indeterminate test result from a whole-blood interferon-gamma release assay for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children correlates with age and immune status.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):669 (2009) PMID 19633512

    Interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been increasingly used in recent years and are endorsed by national guidelines, but experience regarding their use in children is still limited. We retrospectively evaluated the routine use of the...
  13. Seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in pediatric solid organ transplant recipients: a prospective study of safety and immunogenicity.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):688 (2009) PMID 19633514

    To determine the safety and immunogenicity of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7) in pediatric solid organ transplant recipients. Pediatric solid organ transplant recipients were prospectively enrolled at > or =4 months following transplantation. Eligible pneumococcal vaccine-naive subject...
  14. The pediatric burden of human coronaviruses evaluated for twenty years.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):682 (2009) PMID 19633513 PMCID PMC2765860

    The epidemiology of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) has not been established using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction techniques in a specimen collection that spans decades. We used real-time RT-PCR for 3 HCoVs, HCoV 229E, OC43, and NL63, to test nasal wash specimens that had been obtai...
  15. Community effect of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccination in India.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):738 (2009) PMID 19633518

    We assessed the effect of distribution of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine in the private health care sector on Hib meningitis admissions at a referral hospital in India. The annual mean number of Hib cases was 10.7 before Hib vaccine introduction, falling to 3.8 cases following intro...
  16. Severe Clostridium difficile colitis and reactive arthritis in a ten-year-old child.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):750 (2009) PMID 19633524

    We present a case of Clostridium difficile associated colitis in a 10-year-old girl; following 2 consecutive courses of oral antibiotics she developed severe diarrhea and a hip effusion. This is the fourth published pediatric case of C. difficile associated reactive arthritis. C. difficile toxin...
  17. Interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of tuberculosis.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):758 (2009) PMID 19633530

  18. A teenager with prolonged fever.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):756, 760 (2009) PMID 19633527

  19. Interferon gamma release assays in the evaluation of children with possible Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection: a view to caution.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):676 (2009) PMID 19593249

  20. Risk factors and viruses associated with hospitalization due to lower respiratory tract infections in Canadian Inuit children : a case-control study.

    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28(8):697 (2009) PMID 19461554

    To examine risk factors for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) hospital admission in the Canadian Arctic. This was a case-control study during a 14-month period among children less than 2 years of age. Cases were admitted to the Baffin Regional Hospital in Iqaluit, Nunavut with LRTI. Cont...