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Semantic verbal fluency strategies in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.
When attempting semantic fluency, and as compared with healthy older adults, people with aMCI demonstrated difficulties in isolating semantic categories and loss of associative links within semantic categories. These findings are discussed in relation to an early degradation of semantic memory in aM...
Habit and recollection in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease.
Although likely not the same as familiarity, the data add to a growing literature suggesting that controlled forms of memory decline with age and in age-related neurological conditions (MCI and AD) whereas more automatic forms of memory (habit) remain intact. This research should improve understandi...
Scared by you: modulation of bodily-self by emotional body-postures in autism.
The bodily self-advantage is a low-level function present in typically developing (TD) and in high-functioning ASD children. Body postures, especially when they are endogenously generated, modulate the self and others' body processing. The advantage for processing others' fearful, comparing to other...
Double jeopardy! The additive consequences of negative affect on performance-monitoring decrements following traumatic brain injury.
Survivors of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at increased risk for emotional sequelae. The current study utilized the error-related negativity (ERN) and posterror positivity (Pe) components of the event-related potential (ERP) to test the hypothesis that negative affect disproportionately im...
Memory profiling with paired associate learning in Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy aging.
We developed a novel PAL task enabling the differentiation of memory profiles in 19 people with AD, 17 people with amnestic MCI, and 33 normal elderly controls. Unexpectedly, the AD group demonstrated a retrieval profile for PAL using yes-no recognition, although an encoding profile was evident for...
Cognitive, clinical, and functional characteristics of verbally superior schizophrenia patients.
The existence of small numbers of schizophrenia patients with superior ability in specific cognitive domains is implied by meta-analytic evidence as well as by occasional empirical reports. The authors identified 25 patients with superior (i.e., > or =90th percentile) ability on the Vocabulary subte...
Mapping of semantic, phonological, and orthographic verbal working memory in normal adults with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Twelve neurologically normal participants (4 men and 8 women) performed semantic, phonological, and orthographic working memory tasks and a control task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Divergent regions of the posterior left hemisphere used for decoding and storage of information emerg...
Regional cerebral volume loss associated with verbal learning and memory in dementia of the Alzheimer type.
These results provide evidence that the verbal memory deficit of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated not only with the mesial temporal limbic cortex, thought to be the site of earliest and most severe pathology in AD, but also with damage in the thalamus....
Visual and spatial perception in the early phase of Alzheimer's disease.
A battery of visuospatial perception tests was administered to 27 mild probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients; 21 were reassessed after 8 months. At the first evaluation, AD patients were impaired only in an object-naming task. After 8 months, the performance in the subtests of object perception...
Developmental instability and cerebral lateralization.
These results suggest that developmental instability influences variation in the lateralization of cognitive skills as well as handedness....