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Correction to wendell, waldstein, and zonderman (2013).
Reports an error in "Nonlinear longitudinal trajectories of cholesterol and neuropsychological function" by Carrington R. Wendell, Shari R. Waldstein and Alan B. Zonderman (Neuropsychology, 2014[Jan], Vol 28, 106-112). In the article, one of the institutional affiliations for Carrington R. Wendel...
Remote thalamic microstructural abnormalities related to cognitive function in ischemic stroke patients.
We sought to explore remote thalamic microstructural abnormalities and their association with cognitive function after ischemic stroke. Seventeen patients with right hemispheric ischemic stroke and 17 controls matched for age, sex, and years of education were included. All participants underwent neu...
Executive dysfunction, awareness deficits and quality of life in patients with cerebral small vessel disease: a structural equation model.
We tested neuropsychological function with simultaneous measurement of awareness performance in 125 participants. Forty-five were carefully phenotyped patients with SVD, defined as a lacunar stroke with corresponding infarct on neuroimaging; and 80 were age-matched controls, providing a normal compa...
Verbal prompting to improve everyday cognition in MCI and unimpaired older adults.
This study investigated the effect of verbal prompting on elders' 10-year longitudinal change in everyday cognition. Differential effects of prompting associated with impaired cognitive status were also examined. At baseline, 2,802 participants (mean age = 73.6 years, mean education = 13.5 years) fr...
Adverse birth factors predict cognitive ability, but not hand preference.
We have therefore demonstrated a dissociation whereby adverse birth factors affect the brain's cognitive ability, but not handedness, and by implication, cerebral lateralization. The study also demonstrated a link between left-handedness and reduced levels of cognitive ability. This link cannot be d...
Depressive symptom severity is related to poorer cognitive performance in prodromal Huntington disease.
Our results suggest that depressive symptom severity is related to poorer cognitive performance in individuals with prodromal HD. Though there are currently no approved therapies for cognitive impairment in HD, our findings suggest that depression may be a treatable contributor to cognitive impairme...
Age group and sex differences in performance on a computerized neurocognitive battery in children age 8-21.
We developed and applied a brief computerized neurocognitive battery that provides measures of performance accuracy and response time for executive-control, episodic memory, complex cognition, social cognition, and sensorimotor speed domains. We tested a population-based sample of 3,500 genotyped yo...
Deconstructing spatial working memory and attention deficits in multiple sclerosis.
To investigate whether spatial working memory (WM) is impaired in multiple sclerosis (MS), and, if it is, to localize impairment to specific cognitive subprocess(es). In Experiment 1, MS and control participants performed computerized memory-span and visuomotor tasks. WM subprocesses were taxed by m...
Examining frontotemporal connectivity and rTMS in healthy controls: implications for auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to have clinically beneficial effects in altering the perception of auditory hallucinations (AH) in patients with schizophrenia. However, the mode of action is not clear. Recent neuroimaging findings indicate that rTMS has the potent...
Sex influence on face recognition memory moderated by presentation duration and reencoding.
We analyzed whether this advantage depends on a better encoding or consolidation of information and if the advantage is visible during short-term memory (STM), only, or whether it also remains evident in long-term memory (LTM). We tested short- and long-term face recognition memory in 36 nonclinical...