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- APA, CSA, Proquest, and Sciencedirect from 1990
Salient measures of inhibition and switching are associated with frontal lobe gray matter volume in healthy middle-aged and older adults.
To investigate brain-behavior relationships between morphometric brain measures and salient executive function (EF) measures of inhibition and switching. One hundred participants (49-80 years) performed the Color Word Interference Test from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS). Salien...
The physiological basis of synchronizing conversational rhythms: the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex.
We investigated the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in conversational synchrony. We focused on the vmPFC because this region is strongly implicated in social behaviors related to synchrony, such as empathy. To examine the role of the vmPFC role in conversational synchrony, converg...
Reading in subjects with an oral cleft: speech, hearing and neuropsychological skills.
To evaluate speech, hearing, and neuropsychological correlates to reading among children, adolescents, and young adults with nonsyndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCL/P). All testing was completed in a single visit at a Midwestern university hospital. Subjects in both the NSCL/P (n = 80) and...
Executive functions in cocaine-dependent patients with Cluster B and Cluster C personality disorders.
We address the question of whether the comorbidity between cocaine dependence and different types of personality disorders is associated with differential profiles of executive deficits compatible with their personality dysfunction. We predicted that the comorbidity with Cluster B disorders would be...
Cognitive changes in mild cognitive impairment patients with impaired visual recognition memory.
We assessed if longitudinal change in aMCI patients who failed on the DMS48 differs from that of patients who succeeded on this task at baseline. Twenty-six controls and 33 aMCI patients underwent a complete neuropsychological assessment at baseline and at an 18-month follow-up. Patients were divide...
Neural correlates of race-related social evaluations for African Americans and white Americans.
Our findings further imply that previous exposure to race-related incidents for African Americans may alter neural responses to White American targets in imaging studies. Implications of the findings are discussed. (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved....
Association between cognitive performance and functional outcome following traumatic brain injury: a longitudinal multilevel examination.
Individuals' cognitive abilities predict functional outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is not known to what extent concurrent cognitive abilities affect the magnitude or the rate of functional recovery. The current study modeled the progression of functional outcome as it r...
"Neuromotor outcomes at school age after extremely low birth weight: Early detection of subtle signs": Correction to Gidley Larson et al. (2...
ELBW participants performed worse than term-born on design-copying and dexterity, were age-appropriate compared to normative data, and had slower timed movements and more subtle overflow movements. Those ELBW born <26 weeks performed most poorly compared with those born 26-34 weeks and term-born. Co...
Inhibitory control in young adolescents: the role of sex, intelligence, and temperament.
We sought to examine how sex, temperament, and intelligence are related to different aspects of inhibitory control. We recruited a large sample of early adolescents (n = 153; mean age 12.6 years) to comprehensively investigate the relationship between sex, self-reported and parent-reported temperame...
Cardiorespiratory fitness, hippocampal volume, and frequency of forgetting in older adults.
We hypothesized that age, sex, education, body composition, and physical activity were direct determinants of fitness, which, in turn, influenced frequency of forgetting indirectly through hippocampal volume and spatial working memory. We conducted assessments of demographic characteristics, Body Ma...