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Scared by you: modulation of bodily-self by emotional body-postures in autism.
The bodily self-advantage is a low-level function present in typically developing (TD) and in high-functioning ASD children. Body postures, especially when they are endogenously generated, modulate the self and others' body processing. The advantage for processing others' fearful, comparing to other...
Mapping of semantic, phonological, and orthographic verbal working memory in normal adults with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Twelve neurologically normal participants (4 men and 8 women) performed semantic, phonological, and orthographic working memory tasks and a control task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Divergent regions of the posterior left hemisphere used for decoding and storage of information emerg...
Regional cerebral volume loss associated with verbal learning and memory in dementia of the Alzheimer type.
These results provide evidence that the verbal memory deficit of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated not only with the mesial temporal limbic cortex, thought to be the site of earliest and most severe pathology in AD, but also with damage in the thalamus....
Automatic process development following severe closed head injury.
These results indicate that for memory-based search tasks the effects of a CHI may slow down the speed with which automatic processes develop but that CHI participants can acquire and use automatic processes in task performance....
The physiological basis of synchronizing conversational rhythms: the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex.
We investigated the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in conversational synchrony. We focused on the vmPFC because this region is strongly implicated in social behaviors related to synchrony, such as empathy. To examine the role of the vmPFC role in conversational synchrony, converg...
Lower ankle-brachial index is related to worse cognitive performance in old age.
We aimed to study the associations between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) and performance in a range of cognitive domains in nondemented elderly persons. Data were collected within the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 and 1936 studies. These are two narrow-age cohorts at age...
Clinical and psychological characteristics of the initial cohort of the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network (DIAN).
The purpose was to describe clinical, cognitive, and personality characteristics at baseline assessment of 249 participants, 19 to 60 years of age, in a multinational longitudinal study of autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease (ADAD). Participants (74% cognitively normal) were from ADAD families wi...
Executive functions in cocaine-dependent patients with Cluster B and Cluster C personality disorders.
We address the question of whether the comorbidity between cocaine dependence and different types of personality disorders is associated with differential profiles of executive deficits compatible with their personality dysfunction. We predicted that the comorbidity with Cluster B disorders would be...
Cognitive changes in mild cognitive impairment patients with impaired visual recognition memory.
We assessed if longitudinal change in aMCI patients who failed on the DMS48 differs from that of patients who succeeded on this task at baseline. Twenty-six controls and 33 aMCI patients underwent a complete neuropsychological assessment at baseline and at an 18-month follow-up. Patients were divide...
Impaired implicit sequence learning in Parkinson's disease patients with freezing of gait.
The present results suggest that PD patients suffering from FOG pathology exhibit a specific impairment in the acquisition of automaticity. When working memory capacity is supplementarily loaded by adding a DT, sequence learning in FRs becomes increasingly impaired. These findings indicate that ther...