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Scared by you: modulation of bodily-self by emotional body-postures in autism.
The bodily self-advantage is a low-level function present in typically developing (TD) and in high-functioning ASD children. Body postures, especially when they are endogenously generated, modulate the self and others' body processing. The advantage for processing others' fearful, comparing to other...
Mapping of semantic, phonological, and orthographic verbal working memory in normal adults with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Twelve neurologically normal participants (4 men and 8 women) performed semantic, phonological, and orthographic working memory tasks and a control task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Divergent regions of the posterior left hemisphere used for decoding and storage of information emerg...
Regional cerebral volume loss associated with verbal learning and memory in dementia of the Alzheimer type.
These results provide evidence that the verbal memory deficit of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated not only with the mesial temporal limbic cortex, thought to be the site of earliest and most severe pathology in AD, but also with damage in the thalamus....
Automatic process development following severe closed head injury.
These results indicate that for memory-based search tasks the effects of a CHI may slow down the speed with which automatic processes develop but that CHI participants can acquire and use automatic processes in task performance....
APOE and spatial navigation in amnestic MCI: results from a computer-based test.
We investigated the association between APOE ε4 status and spatial navigation in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and assessed the role of hippocampal volume in this association. Participants were 74 patients with clinically confirmed aMCI (33 APOE ε4 noncarriers, 26 heterozyg...
Impaired facial emotion recognition in patients with ventromedial prefrontal hypoperfusion.
Empathy refers to our ability to recognize and share emotions by another human being. Impairment may underlie many of the emotional deficits commonly associated with a range of neuropsychiatric and neurological conditions. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has long been implicated in these processes, but...
Impaired naming of famous musical melodies is associated with left temporal polar damage.
Previous research has shown that damage to the left temporal pole (LTP) is associated with impaired retrieval of words for unique entities, including names of famous people and landmarks. However, it is not known whether retrieving names for famous melodies is associated with the LTP. The aim of thi...
Bilingualism does not alter cognitive decline or dementia risk among Spanish-speaking immigrants.
Clinic-based studies suggest that dementia is diagnosed at older ages in bilinguals compared with monolinguals. The current study sought to test this hypothesis in a large, prospective, community-based study of initially nondemented Hispanic immigrants living in a Spanish-speaking enclave of norther...
Effects of bilingualism on the age of onset and progression of MCI and AD: evidence from executive function tests.
Previous articles have reported that bilingualism is associated with a substantial delay in the onset of both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). The present study reports results from 74 MCI patients and 75 AD patients; approximately half of the patients in each group were...
Lower ankle-brachial index is related to worse cognitive performance in old age.
We aimed to study the associations between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) and performance in a range of cognitive domains in nondemented elderly persons. Data were collected within the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 and 1936 studies. These are two narrow-age cohorts at age...