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Relation of visfatin to cardiovascular risk factors and adipocytokines in patients with impaired fasting glucose.
I had low values and group II had high values. Patients in group I had greater weight, body mass index, fat mass, fat-free mass, and adiponectin than patients in group II. Patients in group II had higher total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, resistin, and TNF-α levels than patients...
Dietary fiber intake modifies the association between secondhand smoke exposure and coronary heart disease mortality among Chinese non-smoke...
Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure increases the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) by an estimated 25% to 30% via oxidative stress and inflammatory mechanisms that may be ameliorated by dietary components. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypothesized modifying role of nutrients with known...
Serum vitamin B6, folate, and homocysteine concentrations and oxidative DNA damage in Japanese men and women.
Higher vitamin B status has been linked to a lower risk for cancer, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of pyridoxal, folate, and homocysteine (Hcy) with urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a marker of oxidative DNA damage....
Octreotide promotes weight loss via suppression of intestinal MTP and apoB48 expression in diet-induced obesity rats.
We found high-fat diet-induced obesity rats express more apoB, MTP, and apoAIV mRNA as well as apoB48 and MTP protein in the intestine than normal chow-fed rats. This observation occurred along with increased body weight, FPG, TG, TC, fasting serum insulin, and Homeostatic Model Assessment value. Oc...
Consumption of a low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet (the ketogenic diet) exaggerates biotin deficiency in mice.
Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that acts as a cofactor for several carboxylases. The ketogenic diet, a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet, is used to treat drug-resistant epilepsy and promote weight loss. In Japan, the infant version of the ketogenic diet is known as the "ketone formula." However, a...
Acute effects of beer on endothelial function and hemodynamics: A single-blind, crossover study in healthy volunteers.
We studied the acute effects of the constituents of beer (alcohol and antioxidants), on established predictors of CV risk: endothelial function, aortic stiffness, pressure wave reflections and aortic pressure. In a randomized, single-blind, crossover study, 17 healthy, non-smoking, men (ages 28.5 ±...
The gene-diet interaction, LPL PvuII and HindIII and carbohydrate, on the criteria of metabolic syndrome: KMSRI-Seoul Study.
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the interaction between lipoprotein lipase (LPL) PvuII and HindIII haplotypes and carbohydrate intakes on the components of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in Koreans. LPL PvuII and HindIII genotype, LPL mass, triglyceride, high-density lipop...
A high-fat diet supplemented with fish oil improves metabolic features associated with type 2 diabetes.
The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-fat diet supplemented with fish oil or olive oil, fed to C57BL/6J mice for an extended period, on metabolic features associated with type 2 diabetes. Mice were fed one of four diets for 30 wk: a low-fat diet, a high-fat diet supplemente...
Corticotropin-releasing factor: a possible key to gut dysfunction in the critically ill.
We provide an update on GI dysfunction during stress and review the possible role of CRF in the aetiology of gut dysfunction. We suggest that activation of CRF signaling pathways in critical illness might be key to understanding the mechanisms underlying the gut dysfunction that impairs enteral feed...
Common sources and composition of phytosterols and their estimated intake by the population in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
Phytosterols have been used alone, or combined with lipid-altering drugs, to reduce cholesterol levels and the burden of cardiovascular disease. Considerable variation in the composition of phytosterols exists and its consumption, in a regular diet, by the Brazilian population is still unknown. Thus...