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Japanese traditional miso soup attenuates salt-induced hypertension and its organ damage in Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
We investigated the effects of long-term miso soup drinking on salt-induced hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats. Dahl S rats were divided into four groups that consumed 1) water, 2) a 0.9% NaCl solution, 3) a 1.3% sodium NaCl solution, or 4) miso soup containing 1.3% NaCl. They were fo...
Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, cognition, and behavior in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a randomized ...
To determine the effects of an eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-rich oil and a docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich oil versus an ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich safflower oil (control) on literacy and behavior in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a randomized controlled tri...
Augmentation of cellular immunity and protection against influenza virus infection by bovine late colostrum in mice.
In PP cells cultured with SCBLC, the levels of IL-12 and IFN- were significantly increased in vitro. Oral administration of SCBLC to mice significantly increased NK cell activity of PP cells, splenocytes and lung cells. The accumulated symptom rate of the SCBLC 2,000 group was significantly lower th...
Effects of diabetes and/or hypercholesterolemia on skin development of rat fetuses.
Scanning electron microscopic observations revealed retarded hair follicle growth and deformations of their pattern structure. At light microscopic level, skin exhibited decreased epidermal cornification, as well as degeneration of hair follicles in fetuses of both diabetic and hypercholesterolemic...
Coenzyme Q10 supplementation and exercise-induced oxidative stress in humans.
No significant differences between the groups were discerned after the intervention for maximal oxygen uptake (-0.11 L/min, 95% confidence interval -0.31 to 0.08, P = 0.44), workload at lactate threshold (6.3 W, -13.4 to 25.9, P = 0.36), or heart rate at lactate threshold (2.0 beats/min, -4.9 to 8.9...
Iron-Sensing Proteins that Regulate Hepcidin and Enteric Iron Absorption
The human body cannot actively excrete excess iron. As a consequence, iron absorption must be strictly regulated to ensure adequate iron uptake and prevent toxic iron accumulation. Iron absorption is controlled chiefly by hepcidin, the iron-regulatory hormone. Produced by the liver and secreted into...
Role of S-adenosylmethionine in hyperhomocysteinemia and in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease.
Annual Symposium, American College of Nutrition, Washington, DC, October 1-4, 1999.
Plasma zinc, copper, and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase in children with phenylketonuria.
We studied the effects of phenylalaline restricted diets in 42 children with PKU (P) and 31 normal (N) children, aged 1-12 y, divided into two groups (below and above 7 y). Plasma zinc and copper were analyzed by means of atomic spectrophotometry, and superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) activity was meas...
The optimal ratio of fat-to-carbohydrate in the diet.
A major issue in human nutrition is the optimal relation of carbohydrate-to-fat in the diet. According to some investigators, a high proportion of fat energy to total energy favors the development of several chronic diseases. Among these are obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. The...