Veterinary Research

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  1. Correction: Impact of genotype 1 and 2 of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses on interferon-α responses by plasmacytoid dendritic cells

    Veterinary Research 44(1):74 (2013) PMCID PMC3848481

  2. Cytopathic bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV): emerging pestiviruses doomed to extinction.

    Veterinary Research 41(6):44 (2010) PMID 20197026

    Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), a Flaviviridae pestivirus, is arguably one of the most widespread cattle pathogens worldwide. Each of its two genotypes has two biotypes, non-cytopathic (ncp) and cytopathic (cp). Only the ncp biotype of BVDV may establish persistent infection in the fetus whe...
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  3. Pathogenesis of natural goat scrapie: modulation by host PRNP genotype and effect of co-existent conditions.

    Veterinary Research 41(4):48 (2010) PMID 20374697

    After detection of a high prevalence of scrapie in a large dairy goat herd, 72 infected animals were examined by immunohistochemistry with prion protein (PrP) antibody Bar224 to study the pathogenesis of the infection. Tissues examined included the brain and thoracic spinal cord (TSC), a wide se...
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  4. Identification of full length bovine TLR1 and functional characterization of lipopeptide recognition by bovine TLR2/1 heterodimer.

    Veterinary Research 41(3):34 (2010) PMID 20167196 PMCID PMC2831532

    Toll-like receptors (TLR) are highly conserved pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune system. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) recognizes bacterial lipopeptides in a heterodimeric complex with TLR6 or TLR1, thereby discriminating between di- or triacylated lipopeptides, respectively. Prev...
  5. Feeding-associated gene expression in sheep scab mites (Psoroptes ovis).

    Veterinary Research 41(2):16 (2010) PMID 19852923 PMCID PMC2789330

    The mite Psoroptes ovis is the causative agent of sheep scab. Although not usually fatal, the disease can spread rapidly and is a serious animal welfare concern. Vaccine development against ectoparasites has primarily focussed on two sources of candidate vaccine antigens - "exposed" antigens tha...
  6. Effects of growth conditions on biofilm formation by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae.

    Veterinary Research 41(1):3 (2010) PMID 19737507 PMCID PMC2762130

    Biofilm formation is an important virulence trait of many bacterial pathogens. It has been reported in the literature that only two of the reference strains of the swine pathogen Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, representing serotypes 5b and 11, were able to form biofilm in vitro. In this study,...
  7. Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) is associated with coastal urbanization and freshwater runoff.

    Veterinary Research 41(1):1 (2010) PMID 19720009 PMCID PMC2769548

    Although protected for nearly a century, California's sea otters have been slow to recover, in part due to exposure to fecally-associated protozoal pathogens like Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona. However, potential impacts from exposure to fecal bacteria have not been systematically ex...
  8. The infection of primary avian tracheal epithelial cells with infectious bronchitis virus.

    Veterinary Research 41(1):6 (2010) PMID 19793537 PMCID PMC2769550

    Here we introduce a culture system for the isolation, passaging and amplification of avian tracheal epithelial (ATE) cells. The ATE medium, which contains chicken embryo extract and fetal bovine serum, supports the growth of ciliated cells, goblet cells and basal cells from chicken tracheas on f...
  9. Characterization of pentraxin 3 in the horse and its expression in airways.

    Veterinary Research 41(2):18 (2010) PMID 19863902 PMCID PMC2789332

    The long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) plays an important role in host defence and its over-expression may contribute to airway injury. The aim of the present study was therefore to characterize in more detail PTX3 and its expression in the horses' airway. Six healthy horses and six horses affected by recu...
  10. Experimental inoculation study indicates swine as a potential host for Hendra virus.

    Veterinary Research 41(3):33 (2010) PMID 20167195 PMCID PMC2826093

    Hendra virus (HeV) is a zoonotic virus from the family Paramyxoviridae causing fatal disease in humans and horses. Five-week-old Landrace pigs and 5-month-old Gottingen minipigs were inoculated with approximately 10(7) plaque forming units per animal. In addition to fever and depression exhibite...
  11. Recent advances in the understanding of Chlamydophila pecorum infections, sixteen years after it was named as the fourth species of the Chlamydiaceae family.

    Veterinary Research 41(3):27 (2010) PMID 19995513 PMCID PMC2820232

    Chlamydophila pecorum found in the intestine and vaginal mucus of asymptomatic ruminants has also been associated with different pathological conditions in ruminants, swine and koalas. Some endangered species such as water buffalos and bandicoots have also been found to be infected by C. pecorum...
  12. Virulence factors of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae involved in colonization, persistence and induction of lesions in its porcine host.

    Veterinary Research 41(5):65 (2010) PMID 20546697

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. The virulence factors of this microorganism involved in colonization and the induction of lung lesions have been thoroughly studied and some have been well characterized. A. pleuropneumoniae binds preferentially t...
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  13. Rosette nanotubes inhibit bovine neutrophil chemotaxis.

    Veterinary Research 41(5):75 (2010) PMID 20663476

    Migration of activated neutrophils that have prolonged lifespan into inflamed organs is an important component of host defense but also contributes to tissue damage and mortality. In this report, we used biologically-inspired RGD-tagged rosette nanotubes (RNT) to inhibit neutrophil chemotaxis. W...
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  14. Porcine monocyte subsets differ in the expression of CCR2 and in their responsiveness to CCL2.

    Veterinary Research 41(5):76 (2010) PMID 20670605 PMCID PMC2941139

    Monocyte subsets have been shown to differ in the pattern of chemokine receptor expression and their migratory properties, both in human and mouse. Previously we have characterized in the swine several monocyte subpopulations, based on the expression of CD163, Tük4 and SLA-II, which share featur...
  15. Sortase anchored proteins of Streptococcus uberis play major roles in the pathogenesis of bovine mastitis in dairy cattle.

    Veterinary Research 41(5):63 (2010) PMID 20519112

    Streptococcus uberis, strain 0140J, contains a single copy sortase A (srtA), encoding a transamidase capable of covalently anchoring specific proteins to peptidoglycan. Unlike the wild-type, an isogenic mutant carrying an inactivating ISS1 insertion within srtA was only able to infect the bovine...
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  16. Mic1-3 Knockout Toxoplasma gondii is a good candidate for a vaccine against T. gondii-induced abortion in sheep.

    Veterinary Research 41(4):49 (2010) PMID 20385082 PMCID PMC2865876

    This study assessed the effectiveness of a mutant strain of Toxoplasma gondii (RH strain) lacking the mic1 and mic3 genes (Mic1-3KO) against Toxoplasma abortion in sheep. Ewes were inoculated subcutaneously with 10(5) Mic1-3KO tachyzoïtes in three independent experiments. Following vaccination, ...
  17. Rift Valley fever virus(Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus): an update on pathogenesis, molecular epidemiology, vectors, diagnostics and prevention.

    Veterinary Research 41(6):61 (2010) PMID 21188836 PMCID PMC2896810

    Rift Valley fever(RVF) virus is an arbovirus in the Bunyaviridae family that, from phylogenetic analysis, appears to have first emerged in the mid-19th century and was only identified at the beginning of the 1930's in the Rift Valley region of Kenya. Despite being an arbovirus with a relatively ...
  18. Mutations in the Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis cAMP-receptor protein gene lead to functional defects in the SPI-1 Type III secretion system.

    Veterinary Research 41(1):5 (2010) PMID 19775595 PMCID PMC2769549

    Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (Salmonella Choleraesuis) causes a lethal systemic infection (salmonellosis) in swine. Live attenuated Salmonella Choleraesuis vaccines are effective in preventing the disease, and isolates of Salmonella Choleraesuis with mutations in the cAMP-receptor pr...
  19. Immune cell kinetics in the ovine abomasal mucosa following hyperimmunization and challenge with Haemonchus contortus.

    Veterinary Research 41(4):37 (2010) PMID 20167198 PMCID PMC2831457

    Sheep were sensitized by repeated infection with Haemonchus contortus L3, followed by a 12 week rest period, and an abomasal cannula was surgically implanted in all sheep. Seven of the sensitized sheep were subsequently challenged with 50 000 H. contortus L3 while 4 control sheep were challenged...
  20. Acute induction of cell death-related IFN stimulated genes (ISG) differentiates highly from moderately virulent CSFV strains.

    Veterinary Research 41(1):7 (2010) PMID 19793538 PMCID PMC2775166

    Classical swine fever (CSF) severity is dependent on the virulence of the CSF virus (CSFV) strain. The earliest event detected following CSFV infection is a decrease in lymphocytes number. With some CSFV strains this leads to lymphopenia, the severity varying according to strain virulence. This ...