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Veterinary Research

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  1. Cytopathic bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV): emerging pestiviruses doomed to extinction.

    Veterinary Research 41(6):44 (2010) PMID 20197026

    Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), a Flaviviridae pestivirus, is arguably one of the most widespread cattle pathogens worldwide. Each of its two genotypes has two biotypes, non-cytopathic (ncp) and cytopathic (cp). Only the ncp biotype of BVDV may establish persistent infection in the fetus whe...
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  2. Viral control of vTR expression is critical for efficient formation and dissemination of lymphoma induced by Marek's disease virus (MDV).

    Veterinary Research 41(5):56 (2010) PMID 20423696

    Marek's disease virus (MDV) is an alphaherpesvirus that causes lethal T-cell lymphomas in chickens. MDV is unique in that it harbors two copies of a viral telomerase RNA subunit (vTR) in its genome exhibiting 88% sequence identity to the chicken orthologue, chTR. The minimal telomerase ribonucle...
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  3. Attenuated Salmonella choleraesuis-mediated RNAi targeted to conserved regions against foot-and-mouth disease virus in guinea pigs and swine.

    Veterinary Research 41(3):30 (2010) PMID 20167192 PMCID PMC2826090

    In this study, specific sequences within three genes (3D, VP4 and 2B) of the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) genome were determined to be effective RNAi targets. These sequences are highly conserved among different serotype viruses based on sequence analysis. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-ex...
  4. Pathogenesis of natural goat scrapie: modulation by host PRNP genotype and effect of co-existent conditions.

    Veterinary Research 41(4):48 (2010) PMID 20374697

    After detection of a high prevalence of scrapie in a large dairy goat herd, 72 infected animals were examined by immunohistochemistry with prion protein (PrP) antibody Bar224 to study the pathogenesis of the infection. Tissues examined included the brain and thoracic spinal cord (TSC), a wide se...
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  5. 6-hydroxydopamine-mediated release of norepinephrine increases faecal excretion of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in pigs.

    Veterinary Research 41(5):68 (2010) PMID 20609329

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is an animal and zoonotic pathogen of worldwide importance. In pigs, transport and social stress are associated with reactivation and spread of Salmonella Typhimurium infection. The stress-related catecholamine norepinephrine (NE) has been reported to acti...
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  6. Porcine monocyte subsets differ in the expression of CCR2 and in their responsiveness to CCL2.

    Veterinary Research 41(5):76 (2010) PMID 20670605 PMCID PMC2941139

    Monocyte subsets have been shown to differ in the pattern of chemokine receptor expression and their migratory properties, both in human and mouse. Previously we have characterized in the swine several monocyte subpopulations, based on the expression of CD163, Tük4 and SLA-II, which share featur...
  7. Exposure of cats to low doses of FeLV: seroconversion as the sole parameter of infection.

    Veterinary Research 41(2):17 (2010) PMID 19861115 PMCID PMC2789331

    In felids, feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection results in a variety of outcomes that range from abortive (virus readily eliminated and never detectable) to progressive infection (persistent viremia and viral shedding). Recently, a novel outcome was postulated for low FeLV infectious doses. Na...
  8. Recent advances in the understanding of Chlamydophila pecorum infections, sixteen years after it was named as the fourth species of the Chlamydiaceae family.

    Veterinary Research 41(3):27 (2010) PMID 19995513 PMCID PMC2820232

    Chlamydophila pecorum found in the intestine and vaginal mucus of asymptomatic ruminants has also been associated with different pathological conditions in ruminants, swine and koalas. Some endangered species such as water buffalos and bandicoots have also been found to be infected by C. pecorum...
  9. Comparison of two modern vaccines and previous influenza infection against challenge with an equine influenza virus from the Australian 2007 outbreak.

    Veterinary Research 41(2):19 (2010) PMID 19863903 PMCID PMC2790087

    During 2007, large outbreaks of equine influenza (EI) caused by Florida sublineage Clade 1 viruses affected horse populations in Japan and Australia. The likely protection that would be provided by two modern vaccines commercially available in the European Union (an ISCOM-based and a canarypox-b...
  10. Emerging and re-emerging viruses of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.).

    Veterinary Research 41(6):54 (2010) PMID 20423694

    Until the late 1980s, specific viral infections of the honey bee were generally considered harmless in all countries. Then, with the worldwide introduction of the ectoparasite mite Varroa destructor, beekeepers encountered increasing difficulties in maintaining their colonies. Epidemiological su...
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