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- Informaworld, Informahealthcare, Ingenta, and Rcgp
The role of demographic characteristics in the outcomes of cataract surgery and gender roles in the uptake of postoperative eye care: a hosp...
Male subjects had significantly better outcomes in terms of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) (mean difference 0.12 and 0.13 logMAR; p = 0.004 and p < 0.001, respectively). Women were significantly less satisfied than men (73.2% vs. 83.6%; p = 0.011)...
Developing an algorithm to convert routine measures of vision into utility values for glaucoma.
UVs recorded for 123 cases correlated significantly with both clinical measures of binocular visual function (r = -0.47, IVF; r = -0.48, VA(B); r = 0.50, CS(B); P <0.0001). Two final models incorporate terms fo...
Shorter axial length and increased astigmatic refractive error are associated With socio-economic deprivation in an adult UK cohort.
Axial length and astigmatic refraction were inversely associated with socio-economic deprivation in this population. Identification of the environmental exposures involved may identify reversible risk factors for impaired vision....
Barriers to the implementation of the SAFE strategy to combat hyperendemic trachoma in Australia.
A number of key themes emerged from the interview and are presented in a literary style. From these key themes critical success factors for the implementation of a sustainable trachoma control program were identified. With the election of the Rudd government there has been a renewed interest in "clo...
Epidemiology of refractive errors in an adult European population: the Segovia study.
The estimated prevalences (95% confidence interval) of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism, in the population were 25.4% (21.5-29.8%) 43.6% (39-48.4%), and 53.5% (48.7-58.2%), respectively. No significant gender difference was found in the prevalence of any refractive errors. The prevalence of myopia...
Epidemiology of lifetime work-related eye injuries in the U.S. population associated with one or more lost days of work.
Purpose: Eye injuries are one of the most common types of work-related injuries. This study examined the lifetime prevalence rate of eye injuries at work and associated factors in the general population of the United States. Methods: The data from the 2002 National Health Interview Surv...
Age-related macular degeneration in a screened South Korean population: prevalence, risk factors, and subtypes.
The mean age of the 10,890 participants was 57.2 +/- 6.3 years (50-92 years), and 56.2% were men. The age-gender-adjusted prevalence of early AMD was 5.07%. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR per 10-year increment, 2.22) and high blood pressure (adjusted OR: 1.35) were indepen...
Prevalence of trachoma in Yobe State, north-eastern Nigeria.
Three thousand three hundred and thirty five persons were examined. Blindness prevalence was 2.5% (CI, 2.0-3.1%); 17.9% of blindness was due to trachomatous corneal opacity. The prevalence of trachoma follicular conjunctivitis in children less 1-9 years was 18.3% (CI 16.1%-20.8%) while trachomatous...
An evaluation of the 10-item vision core measure 1 (VCM1) scale (the Core Module of the Vision-Related Quality of Life scale) using Rasch an...
The initial fit of the VCM1 (combined populations) to the Rasch model showed lack of fit (chi2 = 83.3, df = 50, p = 0.002). There was evidence of DIF between the two populations which could not be resolved. Consequently, each population was assessed separately. Irrespective of the population, disord...
Cataract surgery in Andhra Pradesh state, India: an investigation into uptake following outreach screening camps.
Lack of access to personal funds limited and delayed the utilization of offered services by patients who had been advised of surgery at outreach screening camps or eye hospitals. Stigma, fatalism and ageism were other limiting factors. The majority of patients did not make the decision regarding upt...